King Charles II Stuart

King Charles II Stuart

Male 1630 - 1685  (54 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Charles II Stuart 
    Prefix King 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 29 May 1630  St. James Palace, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 29 May 1630  St. James Palace, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Feb 1685  Whitehall, Westminster, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 14 Feb 1685  Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I5699  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Charles II of England at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 13 Apr 2016 

    Father King Charles I Stuart,   b. 19 Nov 1600, Dunfermline, Schotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1649, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother Henriette Maria de Bourbon,   b. 25 Nov 1609,   d. 31 Aug 1669  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 1625 
    Siblings 8 siblings 
    Family ID F2455  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Marguerite de Carteret,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married
    • Letters claiming that she bore Charles a son named James de la Cloche in 1646 are dismissed by historians as forgeries

      James de la Cloche (1644?-1669?) is an alleged would-be-illegitimate son of Charles II of England who would have first joined a Jesuit seminary and then gave up his habit to marry a Neapolitan woman. He is known mainly through documentary evidence.
      James de la Cloche is mainly known through studies of British historian Lord Acton . In 1862 he received copies of the so-called Gesu manuscript from Giuseppe Boero of the Jesuit archives in Rome. Lord Acton later wrote an article The Secret History of Charles II.
      Based on the documents, Charles II would have had an illegitimate son with lady Marguerite de Carteret when he had been in Jersey in 1646. The official father was Marguerite's husband, Jean de la Cloche. The son would have received Protestant education in France and the Netherlands and used the name James de la Cloche du Bourg. Charles II would have recognized him in secret in 1665 and granted him an annuity of £500 as long as he would stay in London and as an Anglican . Apparently de la Cloche spoke mainly French.
      Jacobus de la Cloche entered a Jesuit seminary in Rome 2 April 1668. He was wearing common clothes and claimed that he was 24 years old. De la Cloche had converted to Catholicism in Hamburg in 1667. He had received a written proof of his ancestry from Queen Christina of Sweden and now wanted to join the seminary. He was accepted and entered St. Andrea al Quirinale as a novice on 11 April.
      Apparently King Charles was not angry that de la Cloche had switched faiths. In 1668 Oliva, the general of the Jesuits, received a letter in which the king told that he planned to convert to Catholicism. He could not contact any of the local catholic priests without arousing suspicions but his son, one de la Cloche, would be a perfect choice. He could arrange a cardinal 's position for him, if he would not be suitable for the throne. In August the next letter invited de la cloche to come home, without speaking to queen Christina, who was coming to Rome. The king had arranged him to travel under the name Henri de Rohan. By October de la Cloche was on his way.
      The next royal letter, dated 18 November 1668, says that Charles II had sent his son back to Rome to act as his unofficial ambassador to the Holy See and he would later return to London when he had received answers to questions the king was willing to deliver only orally. He had asked Oliva to give de la Cloche 800 doppies for expenses. After that, there is no mention of de la Cloche.
      However, one James Stuart or don Giacopo Stuardo, appeared in Naples in 1669. In 19 February he married one Teresa Corona and gave her father 200 doppies as a dowry . When his father-in-law, an innkeeper, begun to boast about his birth and spread around his money, Stuart was arrested in suspicion of forging money. He claimed to be a natural son of Charles II (although it is not clear when he had said that). When the local viceroy heard about his claims, he wrote to England to verify them. Meanwhile Stuart contacted English consul Browne so he could help him out of confinement in the castle of Gaeta .
      The English reply did not verify Stuart's claims, and he had no documents to verify them, so he was removed from the relative comfort of the castle of Gaeta to the lowly prison of Vicaria . He was sentenced to flogging but his in-laws managed to stop that.
      Stuart was eventually released, left supposedly for England and returned with more money. By 31 August he was dead. In his confusing will he had asked Charles II to give his unborn child an "ordinary principality" or something equally appropriate. He also named Maria Henrietta Stuart as his mother. The matter was mentioned in contemporary newsletters and English consul's messages to England.
      Stuart's widow gave birth to a son, Giacomo Stuardo. The son married Lucia Minelli di Riccia in 1711 and later regained some of his father's inheritance. The last record of him is from 1752.
      Various historians have had conflicting opinions about the matter. James de la Cloche might have forged the royal letters himself. The confusing will may have been the handiwork of the Corona family. There might have been two separate men claiming the same ancestry - the change would have been rather drastic. Lord Acton and Father Boero assumed that the second man was an impostor . Boero assumed that de la Cloche had returned to London using yet another name and James Stuart had adopted his claim. Lord Acton suggests that Stuart might have been a servant who had robbed de la Cloche to get his money and papers.
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F297461  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Lucy Walters,   b. 1630, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1658, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years) 
    Children 
     1. Duke James Crofts, "Scott",   b. 9 Mar 1649,   d. 16 Jun 1685, London, Tower Hill Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
     2. Mary Crofts,   b. Abt 1656,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F7052  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Elizabeth Killigrew,   c. 16 May 1622, St Margaret's Church, Lothbury, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 4 Jan 1681, Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Charlotte Jemima Henrietta FitzCharles,   b. Abt 1650,   d. 1684  (Age ~ 34 years)
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F29901  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Catherine Pegge,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Earl Charles FitzCharles,   b. 1657,   d. 17 Oct 1680  (Age 23 years)
     2. Catherine FitzCharles,   b. 1658,   d. 1759, Dunkerque, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 101 years)
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F29907  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Duchess Barbara Villiers,   b. 1641,   d. 9 Oct 1709, Chiswick, Midx. Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Children 
     1. Countess Anne Palmer-Fitzroy,   b. 25 Feb 1661, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 May 1722  (Age 61 years)
     2. Duke Charles FitzRoy,   b. Bef 18 Jun 1662,   d. 9 Sep 1730, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years)
     3. Duke Henry FitzRoy,   b. 2 Sep 1663,   d. 9 Oct 1690, nr Cork, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     4. Charlotte FitzRoy,   b. 5 Sep 1664,   d. 17 Feb 1718, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     5. Duke George FitzRoy,   b. 28 Dec 1665,   d. 28 Jun 1716  (Age 50 years)
     6. Barbara FitzRoy,   b. 16 Jul 1672, Cleveland House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fld Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 May 1737, St. Nicholas Priory, Pontoise Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F7053  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Nell Gywnne,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Duke Charles Beauclerk,   b. 8 May 1670,   d. 10 May 1726  (Age 56 years)
     2. James Beauclerk,   b. 25 Dec 1671, Pall Mall, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1680  (Age 8 years)
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F13780  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Louise Renee de Kérouaille,   b. 1649,   d. 14 Nov 1734, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Children 
     1. Duke Charles Lennox,   b. 29 Jul 1672,   d. 27 May 1723  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F13781  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 8 Moll Davies,   b. Abt 1648, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1708  (Age ~ 60 years) 
    Children 
     1. Mary Tudor,   b. 16 Oct 1673,   d. 1726  (Age 52 years)
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F29916  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 9 Catarina Henriquet de Bragança,   b. 25 Nov 1638, Vila Vicosa Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Dec 1705, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 21 May 1662  Portsmouth, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F2456  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 10 Eleanor Needham,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F61351  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 11 Christabella Wyndham,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F297468  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 12 Ortensia Mancini,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F61353  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 13 Winifred Wells,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F297469  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 14 Jane Roberts,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F297470  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 15 Elizabeth Bagot,   b. 1645,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Aft 1665 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F297471  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 16 Maria Stuardo,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F61352  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 17 Duchesse Marguerite de Rohan,   b. 1616-1617, Rohan, Morbihan, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1684, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Children 
     1. James de Rohano-Stuardo,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F259695  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 18 Countess Elizabeth FitzGerald,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F297472  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 29 May 1630 - St. James Palace, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 29 May 1630 - St. James Palace, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 21 May 1662 - Portsmouth, Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Charles II Stuart
    Charles II Stuart

  • Notes 
    • King of Engeland 1660-1685,
      In 1660 he was asked by the parliament to return after the death of Oliver Cromwell (1653-1658) who was shortly followed by his son Richard (1658-1659, civil war 1649-1658)
      He had 17 children and not one of them was legal.


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