1467 - 1548 (81 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Zygmunt I Stary Krol Polski |
||1 Jan 1467
||1 Apr 1548
||15 Sep 2009 |
||Bona Sforza, b. 2 Feb 1494, d. 19 Nov 1557 (Age 63 years) |
| ||1. Isabella Jagiellon Krol Polski, b. 18 Jan 1519, d. 15 Sep 1559 (Age 40 years)|
| ||2. Sigismund II Augustus Krol Polski, b. 1 Aug 1520, Kraków , d. 7 Jul 1572, Knyszyn (Age 51 years)|
| ||3. Zofia Krol Polski, b. 13 Jul 1522, Krakow , d. 28 May 1575, Schöningen (Age 52 years)|
| ||4. Katarzyna Jagellonica Polski, b. 1 Nov 1526, d. 16 Nov 1583 (Age 57 years)|
| ||5. Anna Jagiellonka Krol Polski, b. 18 Oct 1523, Kraków , d. 9 Sep 1596, Warsaw (Age 72 years)|
||15 Sep 2009 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Sigismund followed his brothers John I of Poland and Alexander I of Poland to the Polish throne. Their elder brother Ladislaus II of Hungary and Bohemia became king of Hungary and Bohemia . Sigismund was christened as the namesake of his mother's maternal grandfather, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund , who had died in 1437.
Sigismund faced the challenge of consolidating internal power in order to face external threats to the country. During Alexander's reign, the law Nihil novi had been instituted, which forbade Kings of Poland from enacting laws without the consent of the Sejm . This proved crippling to Sigismund's dealings with the szlachta and magnates .
Despite this Achilles heel , he established (1527) a conscription army and the bureaucracy needed to finance it.
After the death of Janusz III of Masovia in 1526, he succeeded in annexing the Duchy of Masovia .
Intermittently at war with Vasily III of Muscovy , starting in 1507 (before his army was fully under his command), 1514 marked the fall of Smolensk (under Polish domination) to the Muscovite forces (which lent force to his arguments for the necessity of a standing army). Those conflicts formed part of the Muscovite wars . 1515 he entered an alliance with the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I .
In return for Maximilian lending weight to the provisions of the Second Peace of Thorn (1466) , Sigismund consented to the marriage of the children of Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary , his brother, to the grandchildren of Maximilian. Through this double marriage contract, Bohemia and Hungary passed to the House of Habsburg in 1526, on the death of Sigismund's nephew, Louis II .
The Polish wars against the Teutonic Knights ended in 1525, when Albert, Duke of Prussia , their marshal (and Sigismund's nephew), converted to Lutheranism , secularized the order, and paid homage to Sigismund. In return, he was given the domains of the Order, as the First Duke of Prussia . This was called the Prussian Homage
Sigismund's eldest daughter Jadwiga (Hedwig) (1513-1573) married Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg .
In other matters of policy, Sigismund sought peaceful coexistence with the Khanate of Crimea , but was unable to completely end border skirmishes. Sigismund was interested in Renaissance humanism and the revival of classical antiquity. He and his third consort, Bona Sforza , daughter of Gian Galeazzo Sforza of Milan , were both patrons of Renaissance culture, which under them began to flourish in Poland and in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
On Sigismund's death, his son Sigismund II August became the last Jagiellon king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Sigismund I was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece