1921 - 2019 (98 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and 26 descendants in this family tree.
||Jean I Benoît Guillaume Robert Antoine Louis Marie Adolphe Marcus d' Aviano de Luxembourg |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||5 Jan 1921
||23 Apr 2019
||8 May 2019 |
| ||1. Prinzessin Marie Astrid Charlotte Leopoldine Wilhelmine Ingeborg Antonia Elisabeth Anna Alberta de Luxembourg, b. 17 Feb 1954, Schloss Betzdorf |
| ||2. Grandduc Henri Albert Gabriel Felix Maria de Luxembourg, b. 16 Apr 1955, Schl. Betzdorf |
| ||3. Prince Jean Felix Marie Guillaume de Luxembourg, b. 15 May 1957, Schl. Betzdorf |
| ||4. Princess Margaretha Antonia Marie Felic de Luxembourg, b. 15 May 1957, Schl. Betzdorf |
| ||5. Prince Guillaume Marie Louis Christian de Luxembourg, b. 1 May 1963, Schl. Betzdorf |
||7 Nov 2000 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Prince of Nassau, Prince of Bourbon-Parma, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count of Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen and Diez, Viscount of Hammerstein, Lord of Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg and Eppstein
Member of the Council of State 1951-1961; Lieutenant-Représentant of Luxembourg, May 4th, 1961
Grand Duke of Luxembourg, November 12th, 1964
Colonel of the Army 1945; General of the Army, November 12th, 1964;
Honorary General of the British Army 1995
Knight in the Order of the Garter 1980
Succeeds his mother Charlotte Grand Duchess of Luxemburg (1896-1985), who abdicated on November 12th, 1964..
Inauguration: Luxemburg, November 12th, 1964.
Abdicated 7 Oct 2000.
Motto: Ich Dien (I Serve).
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Luxemburg was founded in the 2nd half of the 10th century and since there were many reigning houses. The House of Ardennes died out in 1336 and Luxemburg came to the House of Limburg. The county of Luxemburg became a duchy and was sold to Philip the Good Duke of Burgundy in 1443. In 1477 it came to the Habsburg Empire. In 1795 it became a department of France and in 1815 it was promoted to a grand duchy as a part of the new Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1830 it lost half the grand duchy to the new Kingdom of Belgium. King Willem II gave the grand duchy constitutions in 1841 and 1848. King Willem III made his brother Prince Hendrik stadtholder of Luxemburg in 1850, which he stayed until his death in 1879. Stadtholder Hendrik reached that Luxemburg after the liquidation of the German Alliance in 1867 became an independent state.
Until 1890 Luxemburg was in Dutch hands. As the Salian law was in force in Luxemburg, after the death of King Willem III the throne of Luxemburg was given to Adolph Duke of Nassau, from the Walramian branch of the House of Nassau. In 1866 he had been driven away from the duchy of Nassau by the Prussian King Wilhelm I, and he had been stadtholder of Luxemburg since 1879. In 1905 Adolph died and was followed by his son Willem IV who already died in 1912. Willem IV only had six daughters from his marriage to Maria Anna Princess of Braganca. In 1907 the Salian Law was abolished and thus his eldest daughter Marie Adelaïde became the new Grand Duchess. In World War I she was (wrongly) accused of pro-German symphaties. She was forced to give up her throne in 1919 and died in 1924. After Luxemburg almost had become a republic, it was clear that her sister Charlotte was willing to become the new Grand Duchess and soon married Prince Felix of Bourbon of Parma. In World War II she fled to Portugal and from there to England. Her husband Felix and her son Jean served in the allied army. Grand Duchess Charlotte abdicated in 1964 in favour of her oldest son Jean, and died in 1985. Grand Duke Jean in 1953 married Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium. Their oldest son Henri since Marchl 4th 1998 is the lieutenant-représentant of Luxemburg (regent).
The Grand Dukes of Luxemburg
Willem I (1772-1843) 1815-abd. 1840
Willem II (1792-1849) 1840-1849
Willem III (1817-1890) 1849-1890
Adolph I (1817-1905) 1890-1905
Guillaume IV (1852-1912) 1905-1912
Maria Anna (1861-1942) Regent: 1908-1912
Marie Adélaïde (1894-1924) 1912-abd. 1919
Charlotte (1896-1985) 1919-abd. 1964
Jean (1921- ) 1964- abd. 2000