1588 - 1646 (58 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Henri II de Bourbon-Condé |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||29 Aug 2000 |
- His mother, Charlotte de La Trémoille, was accused of having poisoned her husband, and doubts were even cast on the paternity of Henri II de Bourbon. Henri IV of France, however, recognized his cousin as his heir presumptive until the birth of the dauphin, later Louis XIII. Henri II was brought up as a Catholic by his mother, who had abjured Calvinism in 1596. He married Charlotte de Montmorency (1594-1650). The new princess, however, had already attracted Henri IV so much that Condé had to send her out of the country and then to flee abroad himself to escape the King's fury. After Henri IV's assassination he returned to France to compete with the other princes and nobles in making demands on the regent, Marie de Médici. When she and Concini, Marquis d'Ancre began to refuse his demands, he blackmailed them twice by open rebellion, obtaining not only money but the governments of important strongholds under the treaties of Sainte-Menehould (1614) and Loudun (1616). Finally in 1616 he was arrested. Three years of prison changed his mind. Henceforth he aided the crown, operating against the rebellious princes in 1620 and against the Huguenots in 1621 and in 1627-29 and fighting in frontier campaigns until 1638, when his invasion of Spain ended in disaster at Fuenterrabia. Rewards included the government of Burgundy (1631), which remained a family perquisite, and most of the property confiscated from his brother-in-law Henri de Montmorency (executed in 1632). Under Anne of Austria's regency he supported Cardinal Mazarin.