1829 - 1907 (78 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Oskar II Fredrik av Sverige & Norge |
||21 Jan 1829
||Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige
||8 Dec 1907
||Royal Palace, Stockholm
||22 May 2014 |
||Prinzessin Sophia Wilhelmine Mariane Henriette von Nassau, b. 9 Jul 1836, Biebrich , d. 30 Dec 1913, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige (Age 77 years) |
||6 Jun 1857
| ||1. Kung Gustaf V av Sverige, b. 16 Jun 1858, Schloss Drottningholm bei Stockholm , d. 29 Oct 1950, Schloss Drottningholm bei Stockholm (Age 92 years)|
| ||2. Prinz Oskar Karl August Bernadotte av Wisborg, b. 15 Nov 1859, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige , d. 4 Oct 1953, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige (Age 93 years)|
| ||3. Prinz Oskar Carl Wilhelm av Sverige, b. 27 Feb 1861, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige , d. 24 Oct 1951, Hovslagaregatan, Stockholm (Age 90 years)|
| ||4. Eugen Napoleon Nikolaus av Sverige, b. 1 Aug 1865, d. 1947 (Age 81 years)|
||29 Aug 2000 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King 1872-1907
Duke of Östergötland. King of Sweden and Norway upon the death of his brother on 18 of September 1872. Crowned in Stockholm 12 of May 1873 and in the Cathedral of Trondheim 18 of July 1873. Deposed as King of Norway by the Norwegian Parliament 7 of June 1905.
Motto 1872-1905: For the good of the kindred nations
Motto 1905-1907: For Sweden's good
Oscar II, a naval officer who already wrote and spoke Norwegian and who knew Norway at first hand, succeeded in 1872. He was to be the last Bernadotte king of Norway, though his son Carl's daughter Märtha later became Crown Princess of Norway. King Oscar´s conflicts with Norwegian parliamentarians were continuous and intense, involving the perennial question of the separation of powers in the state and the tricky matter of the king´s absolute right of veto. His stance on various problems was unbending, so that issues requiring tact and compromise escalated time and again into potentially dangerous crises. The Norwegian reaction was to move towards more stable parliamentarianism, and to work for the dissolution of the union as the only way to achieve greater national freedom. The stumbling block at every turn was felt to be the king himself who seemed incapable of compromise. Norway, for instance, was still required to have a second `prime minister´, as well as two cabinet ministers, in Stockholm to lay government matters directly before the king - a cumbersome and unjust routine in Norwegian eyes. But the insuperable problem was disagreement over the consular service.
Dissolution of the Union
The breaking point came with Norway´s demand for separate consuls, a necessary service for a country with the world's fourth largest merchant fleet. When King Oscar declared himself unable to sanction the requisite law, although it had been passed by both chambers of the national assembly, the Norwegian government submitted its resignation. At first the king refused to accept it on the grounds that it was not possible to form any other government The Storting then adopted the resolution of 7 June dissolving the union with Sweden. At the same time it transferred to the Government the royal functions which the monarch could no longer perform. Before accepting dissolution as a fact, the Swedes demanded a public referendum to be certain the Norwegian people agreed with the Storting. As it proved, the national support was massive. But the tricky period of diplomatic manoeuvres was a strain on relations between Norway, Sweden and Denmark, until the two former `brother-nations´ finally hammered out an agreement at Karlstad. King Oscar laid down the Norwegian crown on 26 October 1905. Right to the end he seemed blind to all the omens and he was even grieved at having to give up the throne of Norway. But he also refused to permit any member of his House to accept Norway´s offer of the vacant throne.