Kung Oskar II Fredrik av Sverige & Norge

Kung Oskar II Fredrik av Sverige & Norge

Male 1829 - 1907  (78 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Oskar II Fredrik av Sverige & Norge 
    Prefix Kung 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 21 Jan 1829  Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Dec 1907  Royal Palace, Stockholm Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I51532  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 22 May 2014 

    Father Kung Joseph François Oscar I av Sverige & Norge,   b. 4 Jul 1799, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1859  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother Prinzessin Josephine de Beauharnais,   b. 14 Mar 1807,   d. 1876  (Age 68 years) 
    Married 22 May 1823 
    Siblings 4 siblings 
    Family ID F3128  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Prinzessin Sophia Wilhelmine Mariane Henriette von Nassau,   b. 9 Jul 1836, Biebrich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Dec 1913, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Married 6 Jun 1857 
    Children 
     1. Kung Gustaf V av Sverige,   b. 16 Jun 1858, Schloss Drottningholm bei Stockholm Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Oct 1950, Schloss Drottningholm bei Stockholm Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)
     2. Prinz Oskar Karl August Bernadotte av Wisborg,   b. 15 Nov 1859, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Oct 1953, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 93 years)
     3. Prinz Oskar Carl Wilhelm av Sverige,   b. 27 Feb 1861, Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Oct 1951, Hovslagaregatan, Stockholm Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)
     4. Eugen Napoleon Nikolaus av Sverige,   b. 1 Aug 1865,   d. 1947  (Age 81 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F20926  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 21 Jan 1829 - Stockholm, Sodermanland, Sverige Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Fotograf ukjent. Originalen måler 20x25 cm. Plassering: Svenske kongehus, foliant.
    Fotograf ukjent. Originalen måler 20x25 cm. Plassering: Svenske kongehus, foliant.
    .

  • Notes 
    • King 1872-1907
      Duke of Östergötland. King of Sweden and Norway upon the death of his brother on 18 of September 1872. Crowned in Stockholm 12 of May 1873 and in the Cathedral of Trondheim 18 of July 1873. Deposed as King of Norway by the Norwegian Parliament 7 of June 1905.
      Motto 1872-1905: For the good of the kindred nations
      Motto 1905-1907: For Sweden's good

      Oscar II, a naval officer who already wrote and spoke Norwegian and who knew Norway at first hand, succeeded in 1872. He was to be the last Bernadotte king of Norway, though his son Carl's daughter Märtha later became Crown Princess of Norway. King Oscar´s conflicts with Norwegian parliamentarians were continuous and intense, involving the perennial question of the separation of powers in the state and the tricky matter of the king´s absolute right of veto. His stance on various problems was unbending, so that issues requiring tact and compromise escalated time and again into potentially dangerous crises. The Norwegian reaction was to move towards more stable parliamentarianism, and to work for the dissolution of the union as the only way to achieve greater national freedom. The stumbling block at every turn was felt to be the king himself who seemed incapable of compromise. Norway, for instance, was still required to have a second `prime minister´, as well as two cabinet ministers, in Stockholm to lay government matters directly before the king - a cumbersome and unjust routine in Norwegian eyes. But the insuperable problem was disagreement over the consular service.
      Dissolution of the Union
      The breaking point came with Norway´s demand for separate consuls, a necessary service for a country with the world's fourth largest merchant fleet. When King Oscar declared himself unable to sanction the requisite law, although it had been passed by both chambers of the national assembly, the Norwegian government submitted its resignation. At first the king refused to accept it on the grounds that it was not possible to form any other government The Storting then adopted the resolution of 7 June dissolving the union with Sweden. At the same time it transferred to the Government the royal functions which the monarch could no longer perform. Before accepting dissolution as a fact, the Swedes demanded a public referendum to be certain the Norwegian people agreed with the Storting. As it proved, the national support was massive. But the tricky period of diplomatic manoeuvres was a strain on relations between Norway, Sweden and Denmark, until the two former `brother-nations´ finally hammered out an agreement at Karlstad. King Oscar laid down the Norwegian crown on 26 October 1905. Right to the end he seemed blind to all the omens and he was even grieved at having to give up the throne of Norway. But he also refused to permit any member of his House to accept Norway´s offer of the vacant throne.


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