Archibald  Hill

Archibald Hill

Male 1886 - 1977  (90 years)    Has no ancestors but 4 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Archibald Hill 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 26 Sep 1886  Briastol Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 3 Jun 1977 
    Person ID I499417  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Archibald Hill at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 30 Mar 2009 

    Family Margaret Keynes,   b. 1890,   d. 1974  (Age 84 years) 
    Married 1913 
    Children 
     1. Polly Hill,   b. 1914,   d. 2005  (Age 91 years)
     2. David Keynes Hill,   b. 1915,   d. 2002  (Age 87 years)
     3. Maurice Hill,   b. 1919,   d. 1966  (Age 47 years)
     4. Janet Hill,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Oct 2006 
    Family ID F203265  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    499417.jpg
    499417.jpg

  • Notes 
    • graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge as third wrangler in the mathematics tripos before turning to physiology . His early work involved the characterization of what came to be known as Michaelis-Menten kinetics and the use of the Hill coefficient . He made many exacting measurements of the physics of nerves and muscles and is regarded, along with Hermann Helmholtz as one of the founders of biophysics.
      In 1913 he married Margaret Keynes, daughter of the economist John Neville Keynes , and sister of the economist John Maynard Keynes and the surgeon Geoffrey Keynes .
      In 1914 , at the outbreak of World War I , Hill joined the British army and assembled a team working on ballistics and operations research . The team included many notable physicists including Ralph H. Fowler , Douglas Hartree and Arthur Milne .
      Hill returned to Cambridge in 1919 before taking the chair in physiology at the Victoria University of Manchester in 1920 . Parallelling the work of German Otto Fritz Meyerhof he elucidated the processes whereby mechanical work is produced in muscles. The two shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
      In 1923 he succeeded Ernest Starling as professor of physiology at University College, London , a post he held until his retirement in 1951 . He continued as an active researcher until 1966 .
      World War II saw the beginning of Hill's extensive public service. Already in 1935 he was working with Patrick Blackett and Sir Henry Tizard on the committee that gave birth to Radar . He served as independent Member of Parliament for Cambridge University ( 1940 - 1945 ), a post that enabled him to be active in defending fellow scientists persecuted by the regime of Adolf Hitler . He took part in many scientific missions to the USA .
      Honours
      Commander of the Order of the British Empire , ( 1918 )
      Fellow of the Royal Society , (1918)
      Companion of Honour , ( 1946 )
      Copley Medal of the Royal Society, ( 1948 )


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