1453 - Aft 1502 (49 years)
Has more than 250 ancestors and one descendant in this family tree.
||Andreas Palaiologos |
||17 Jan 1453
||Aft 7 Apr 1502
||16 Nov 2009 |
- Despot of Morea
was the nephew of Constantine XI Palaiologos, the last Byzantine Emperor of Constantinople. After Constantine was defeated and killed by the forces of Mehmed II on May 29 , 1453 , Andreas continued to live in Morea , which was ruled independently by Andreas' father Thomas Palaiologos , the younger brother of Constantine, until 1460. At this time he escaped to the Italian peninsula following an Ottoman invasion. Before entering Italy, Thomas and all his children made the conversion to the Roman Catholic religion. When his father died in 1465, Andreas stayed in Italy under the protection of the Papal States . He lived in Rome, styling himself Imperator Constantinopolitanus ("Emperor of Constantinople").
During his lifetime, Andreas is believed to have wasted enormous sums of money given to him by the Pope . However, modern historians now believe that the money received from the Pope was only enough for a meager standard of living .
Looking for money and a better life, Andreas sold the rights to the Byzantine crown which he held since the death of his father Thomas. Charles VIII of France purchased the rights of succession from Andreas in 1494 and died on April 7 , 1498 .
Andreas' younger brother Manuel Palaiologos arranged a deal with the Ottoman Sultan Bayazid II , exchanging his rights to the Byzantine throne, which were already lawfully sold to France, for a comfortable pension.
Andreas died a pauper in 1502, in spite of having sold his titles and royal and imperial rights again to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile .. Neither of them, however, is attested to have used the title of Imperator Constantinopolitanus, or anything similar, and the title appears to have fallen into desuetude.
Eight years after the marriage of Ivan III of Russia with Andreas' sister Zoe, and only 1 year after the birth of their son in 1480, Ivan had started to call himself tsar (emperor). This was related to Russia's growing ambitions to become an Orthodox " Third Rome " (Constantinople being the second Rome) and Byzantium's heir. Finally, in 1514, Vasili III of Russia was recognized in the title of emperor of Russia in a letter from Maximilian I , the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire . Maximilian's letter was of great importance to Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great , when they wished to back up their titles of "tsar" and "emperor", respectively. This letter was needed for somebody to be legally proclaimed Roman emperor or heir of Roman or Byzantine empire. Both monarchs demonstrated the letter to foreign ambassadors; Peter even referred to it when he proclaimed himself Emperor.
While most scholars believe Andreas left no descendants, Donald M. Nicol's The Immortal Emperor recognises a Constantine Palaiologos who served in the Papal Guard and a Maria who married Russian noble Mihail Vasilivich as possible offspring of Andreas.