1326 - 1389 (63 years)
Has 12 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.
||15 Jun 1389
||16 Nov 2009 |
| ||1. Yakub Celebi, d. 1389|
| ||2. Savci Bey, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Ibrahim Bey, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. Halil Bey, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Nefise, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||6. Sultan, d. Yes, date unknown|
||14 Nov 2009 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- ruler of the Ottoman Empire , Sultan of Rûm , from 1362 to 1389
by Miloš Obilic during the Battle of Kosovo
He established the Empire by building up a society and government in the newly conquered city of Adrianople ( Edirne in Turkish ) and by expanding the realm in Europe , bringing most of the Balkans under Ottoman rule and forcing the Byzantine emperor to pay him tribute. It was Murad who established the former Osmanli tribe into an empire. He established the title of sultan in 1383 and the corps of the janissaries and the devsirme recruiting system. He also organised the government of the Divan , the system of timars and timar-holders ( timariots ) and the military judge, the kazasker. He also established the two provinces of Anadolu ( Anatolia ) and Rumeli ( Europe ).
Murad fought against the powerful emirate of Karaman in Anatolia and against the Serbs , Bulgarians and Hungarians in Europe. His moves in the Balkans brought together a Christian coalition under the king of Hungary , but it was defeated at the Battle of Maritsa on September 26 , 1371 , by Murad's capable second lieutenant Lala Sâhin Pasa , the first governor ( beylerbey ) of Rumeli . In 1366 the Serbian king was forced to pay tribute to the Sultan and in 1385 Sofia fell to the Ottomans . In 1386 Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic defeated a small Ottoman force at the Battle of Plocnik . The Ottoman army did not suffer heavy casualties, and was unable to capture Niš on the way back. In 1389 Murad's army defeated the Serbian Army and its allies under the leadership of Lazar at the Battle of Kosovo .
There are different accounts from different sources about when and how Murad I was assassinated. One Western source states that during first hours of the battle, Murad I was assassinated by Serbian nobleman and knight Miloš Obilic by knife  . Most Ottoman chroniclers (including Dimitrie Cantemir )  state that he was assassinated after the finish of the battle while going around the battlefield. Others state that he was assassinated in the evening after the battle at his tent by the assassin who was admitted to ask a special favour. His older son Bayezid , who was in charge of the left wing of the Ottoman forces, took charge after that. His other son, Yakub Bey, who was in charge of the other wing, was called to the Sultan's command center tent by Bayezid, but when Yakub Bey arrived he was strangled, leaving Bayezid as the sole claimant to the throne.
In the earliest preserved Christian record, a letter of Florentine senate to the King Tvrtko I of Bosnia, dated 20 October 1389, Murad I's killing was described. Milos Obilic, a Serbian warrior had managed to get through the Ottoman army and kill Murad I.
Fortunate, most fortunate are those hands of the twelve loyal lords who, having opened their way with the sword and having penetrated the enemy lines and the circle of chained camels, heroically reached the tent of Amurat himself. Fortunate above all is that one who so forcefully killed such a strong vojvoda by stabbing him with a sword in the throat and belly. And blessed are all those who gave their lives and blood through the glorious manner of martyrdom as victims of the dead leader over his ugly corpse.
Sultan Murad's internal organs were buried in Kosovo field and remains to this day on a corner of the battlefield in a location called Meshed-i Hudavendigar which has gained a religious significance by the Muslims (which had been renamed Obilic by the Serbs). It has recently been renovated. His other remains were carried to Bursa, his Anatolian capital city, and were buried in a tomb at the complex built in his name