Sultan Bayazid Yildirim, I

Sultan Bayazid Yildirim, I

Male 1360 - 1403  (43 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Bayazid Yildirim  
    Prefix Sultan 
    Suffix
    Born 1360  Bursa Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Mar 1403  Aksehir Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I488548  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 16 Nov 2009 

    Father Sultan Murad, I,   b. 1319-1326,   d. 15 Jun 1389, Kosovo Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Mother Thamar Asen,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1370 
    Family ID F294591  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Angelina de Byzantie,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1372 
    Children 
     1. Musa,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Süleyman,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294618  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 NN,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294621  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Devlet Hatun,   d. 1411 
    Married 1389 
    Children 
     1. Sultan Mehmed, I,   b. 1382, Bursa Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 May 1421, Edirne Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
     2. Musa Çelebi,   d. 1413
     3. Isa,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Mustafa,   d. 1401
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F196154  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Hafsa Hatun,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294623  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Sultan Hatun,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Emir Süleyman,   d. 1411
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F241219  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Olivera Despina von Servien,   b. 1372,   d. Aft 1444  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 1390 
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294625  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Maria,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294627  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. Ertugrul,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Kasim,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Erhondu,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Hundi,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Fatma,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294696  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    488548.jpg
    488548.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Sultan of the Ottoman Empire , then Rûm , from 1389 to 1402
      Bayezid ascended to the throne following the death of his father Murad I , who was killed by Serbian nobleman Miloš Obilic during (June 28) or immediately after (June 29) the Battle of Kosovo in 1389. With this battle, Serbia had become a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. A year later, Bayezid took as a wife Princess Olivera Despina, the daughter of Prince Lazar of Serbia who, like his own father, had lost his life in Kosovo. He recognized Stefan Lazarevic , the son of Lazar who had thus become his brother-in-law, as the new Serbian leader, with considerable autonomy.

      In 1394 Bayezid crossed the Danube river attacking Wallachia , ruled at that time by Mircea the Elder . The Ottomans were superior in number,but on October 10, 1394 (17 May 1395 ?), in the Battle of Rovine , which featured a forested and swampy terrain, the Wallachians won the fierce battle and prevented Bayezid from conquering the country.

      In 1394, Bayezid laid siege to Constantinople the capital of the Byzantine Empire . Anadoluhisari fortress was built between 1393 and 1394 as part of preparations for the Second Ottoman Siege of Constantinople, which took place in 1395. On the urgings of the Byzantine emperor John V Palaeologus a new crusade was organized to defeat him. This proved unsuccessful: in 1396 the Christian allies, under the leadership of the King of Hungary and future Holy Roman Emperor (in 1410) Sigismund , were defeated in the Battle of Nicopolis . Bayezid built the magnificent Ulu Camii in Bursa, to celebrate this victory.
      Thus, the siege of Constantinople continued, lasting until 1401. The Emperor left the city to seek aid. The beleaguered Byzantines had their reprieve when Bayezid fought the Timurid in the East.

      In 1400, the Central Asian warlord Timur Lenk (or Tamerlane) had succeeded in rousing the local Turkic beyliks that had been vassals of the Ottomans to join him in his attack on Bayezid. In the fateful Battle of Ankara , on 20 July 1402, Bayezid was captured by Timur. His sons, however, escaped, and later they would start civil war (see also Ottoman Interregnum ). Some contemporary reports claimed that Timur kept Bayezid chained in a cage as a trophy. Likewise, there are many stories about Bayezid's captivity, including one that describes how Timur used him as a footstool . However, writers from Timur's court reported that Bayezid was treated well, and that Timur even mourned his death. One year later, Bayezid died - some accounts claim that he committed suicide by smashing his head against the iron bars of his cage (the version given by Marlowe; see below). Other accounts claimed that he committed suicide by taking the poison concealed in his ring.


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