1360 - 1403 (43 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Bayazid Yildirim |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||8 Mar 1403
||16 Nov 2009 |
| ||1. Ertugrul, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||2. Kasim, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Erhondu, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. Hundi, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Fatma, d. Yes, date unknown|
||15 Nov 2009 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Sultan of the Ottoman Empire , then Rûm , from 1389 to 1402
Bayezid ascended to the throne following the death of his father Murad I , who was killed by Serbian nobleman Miloš Obilic during (June 28) or immediately after (June 29) the Battle of Kosovo in 1389. With this battle, Serbia had become a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. A year later, Bayezid took as a wife Princess Olivera Despina, the daughter of Prince Lazar of Serbia who, like his own father, had lost his life in Kosovo. He recognized Stefan Lazarevic , the son of Lazar who had thus become his brother-in-law, as the new Serbian leader, with considerable autonomy.
In 1394 Bayezid crossed the Danube river attacking Wallachia , ruled at that time by Mircea the Elder . The Ottomans were superior in number,but on October 10, 1394 (17 May 1395 ?), in the Battle of Rovine , which featured a forested and swampy terrain, the Wallachians won the fierce battle and prevented Bayezid from conquering the country.
In 1394, Bayezid laid siege to Constantinople the capital of the Byzantine Empire . Anadoluhisari fortress was built between 1393 and 1394 as part of preparations for the Second Ottoman Siege of Constantinople, which took place in 1395. On the urgings of the Byzantine emperor John V Palaeologus a new crusade was organized to defeat him. This proved unsuccessful: in 1396 the Christian allies, under the leadership of the King of Hungary and future Holy Roman Emperor (in 1410) Sigismund , were defeated in the Battle of Nicopolis . Bayezid built the magnificent Ulu Camii in Bursa, to celebrate this victory.
Thus, the siege of Constantinople continued, lasting until 1401. The Emperor left the city to seek aid. The beleaguered Byzantines had their reprieve when Bayezid fought the Timurid in the East.
In 1400, the Central Asian warlord Timur Lenk (or Tamerlane) had succeeded in rousing the local Turkic beyliks that had been vassals of the Ottomans to join him in his attack on Bayezid. In the fateful Battle of Ankara , on 20 July 1402, Bayezid was captured by Timur. His sons, however, escaped, and later they would start civil war (see also Ottoman Interregnum ). Some contemporary reports claimed that Timur kept Bayezid chained in a cage as a trophy. Likewise, there are many stories about Bayezid's captivity, including one that describes how Timur used him as a footstool . However, writers from Timur's court reported that Bayezid was treated well, and that Timur even mourned his death. One year later, Bayezid died - some accounts claim that he committed suicide by smashing his head against the iron bars of his cage (the version given by Marlowe; see below). Other accounts claimed that he committed suicide by taking the poison concealed in his ring.