1382 - 1421 (39 years)
Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.
||26 May 1421
||16 Nov 2009 |
||Emine Hatun, d. Yes, date unknown |
- third consort, this marriage served as an alliance between the Ottoman's and this buffer state
||15 Nov 2009 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Rûm ) from 1413 to 1421
the Ottoman Interregnum , when Mehmed stood as victor in 1413, he crowned himself sultan in Edirne . He restored the empire, moved the capital from Bursa to Edirne , and conquered parts of Albania , the Turkish emirate Candaroglu , and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Mamelukes . Taking many of his achievements into consideration, Mehmed is widely known as the "second founder" of the Ottoman Empire .
Reign of Mehmed I, as Sultan of the re-united empire, had lasted only eight years. But he had been an independent prince for nearly the whole preceding period of eleven years that passed between his father's captivity at Ankara and his own final victory over his brother Musa at Chamurli .
He was buried in Bursa, in a mausoleum erected by himself near the celebrated mosque which he built there, and which, from its decorations of green porcelain, is called the Green Mosque . This edifice is said to be the most beautiful specimen of Ottoman architecture and carving that is in existence. Mehmed I also completed the vast and magnificent mosque at Bursa, which his grandfather Murad I . had commenced, but which had been neglected during in reign of Bayezid . It is deserving of mention that Mehmed founded in the vicinity of his own mosque and mausoleum two characteristic institutions, one a school, and one a refectory for the poor both of which he endowed with royal munificence .