Maréchal Duc Nicolas Jean de Dieu  Soult

Maréchal Duc Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult

Male 1769 - 1851  (82 years)    Has 2 ancestors and 28 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult 
    Prefix Maréchal Duc 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 29 Mar 1769  Saint-Arnans-la-Bastide Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Address 1785  Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Charente-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1793  Sambre et Meuse, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 26 Jun 1794  Fleurus, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 04 Jun 1796  Altenkirchen Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 25 Sep 1799  Zürich, CH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle Apr 1800  Gènes, It Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Oct 1800  Piedmont, It Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1804  Saint-Omer Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 02 Dec 1805  Austerlitz Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Apr 1806  Preußen Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Jul 1806  Polen Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 14 Oct 1806  Jena Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 08 Feb 1807  Eylau Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 16 Jun 1807  Königsberg, Preußen Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1808  Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 1808  Oporto Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1809  Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 19 Nov 1809  Ocaña Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1810  Andalousie Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 1811  Badajoz Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1813  Deutschland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 1813  Bautzen, Sachsen, D Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 27 Feb 1814  Orthez, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 10 Apr 1814  Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi Pyrénées, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 11 Apr 1815  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 16 Jun 1815  Ligny Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 18 Jun 1815  Waterloo Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Jul 1815  Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1830-1832  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1832-1834  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Apr 1838  London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1839  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1847  Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 26 Nov 1851  Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I456728  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 26 Jun 2011 

    Father Jean Soult,   b. 1726,   d. 1779  (Age 53 years) 
    Mother Marie-Brigitte de Grenier de la Pierre,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Jul 1765  Saint-Arnans-la-Bastide Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 6 siblings 
    Family ID F181106  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
    +1. NN
    Last Modified 26 Jun 2011 
    Family ID F181105  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Johanna Luise Berg,   b. 22 May 1771, Solingen Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1852, Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 26 Apr 1796  Düsseldorf, NRh.-Wf., DE Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Napoleon-Hector Soult,   b. 1802,   d. 1857  (Age 55 years)
     2. Josephine-Louise-Hortense Soult,   b. 1804,   d. 1862  (Age 58 years)
     3. Caroline Soult,   b. 1817,   d. 1817  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 26 Jun 2011 
    Family ID F181107  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 29 Mar 1769 - Saint-Arnans-la-Bastide Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - au régiment royal-infanterie - 1785 - Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Charente-Maritime, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - l'armée de Moselle, sous les ordres du générale Hoche. Armée de Sambre et Meuse, sous Jourdan - 1793 - Sambre et Meuse, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Die Schlacht bei Fleurus, ein militärischer Zusammenstoß zwischen Frankreich und dem Römischen Kaiser im Ersten Koalitionskrieg (1792-1795/97), war ein bedeutender Sieg der französischen Revolutionsarmee unter dem französischen General Jourdan über die Koalitionstruppen unter dem Fürsten von Sachsen-Coburg. Sous les ordres du général Lefebvre, il est nommé général de brigade, à l'âge de 25 ans - 26 Jun 1794 - Fleurus, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 26 Apr 1796 - Düsseldorf, NRh.-Wf., DE Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - im Westerwald Schlacht während des Ersten Koalitionskrieges zwischen französischen Revolutionstruppen und den Österreichern. Die Franzosen unter Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult waren den Österreichern unter Erzherzog Karl mit 11.000 gegen 6.500 Mann zahlenmäßig deutlich überlegen. Die Österreicher erlitten in der Schlacht Verluste in Höhe von 2.000 Mann und mussten sich über die Lahn zurückziehen. - 04 Jun 1796 - Altenkirchen Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Die Zweite Schlacht von Zürich fand während der Zweiten Koalitionskriege statt. Sie konnte den Stillstand, der aus der Ersten Schlacht von Zürich drei Monate zuvor resultierte, zugunsten der Franzosen brechen - 25 Sep 1799 - Zürich, CH Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Participe à la défense de Gènes jusqu'à la capitulation le 4 juin - Apr 1800 - Gènes, It Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - chargé de pacifier le Piedmont - Oct 1800 - Piedmont, It Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Il commande le camp de Boulogne, ainsi que le IVe Corps de la Grande Armée - 1804 - Saint-Omer Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Now Slavkov u Brna in the Czech Republic. The battle of Austerlitz actually took place some kilometers to the west of Austerlitz - 02 Dec 1805 - Austerlitz Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Campagnes de Prusse - Apr 1806 - Preußen Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Campagnes de Pologne - Jul 1806 - Polen Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Doppelschlacht bei Jena und Auerstedt - 14 Oct 1806 - Jena Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Now I?awa in Poalnd - 08 Feb 1807 - Eylau Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Prise de la ville - 16 Jun 1807 - Königsberg, Preußen Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - il accompagne Napoléon - 1808 - Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Il commande le IIe Corps de la Grande Armée - 1809 - Portugal Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victoire contre Wellington - 19 Nov 1809 - Ocaña Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Il soumet l'Andalousie. Il devient gouverneur de la province - 1810 - Andalousie Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Il force les anglais à lever le siège - 1811 - Badajoz Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Un court séjour - 1813 - Deutschland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - a combined Russian/Prussian army was pushed back by Napoleon, but escaped destruction, some sources claim, because Michel Ney failed to block their retreat. - 1813 - Bautzen, Sachsen, D Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Défaite - 27 Feb 1814 - Orthez, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Défend la ville (à la nouvelle de l'abdication) contre les anglo-espagnols - 10 Apr 1814 - Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi Pyrénées, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - ministre de la guerre jusqu'au 11 mars 1815 - 11 Apr 1815 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Il se retire - Jul 1815 - Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Ministre de la guerre sous Louis-Philippe - 1830-1832 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Président du Conseil - 1832-1834 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - ambassadeur de France lors du couronnement de la reine Victoria - Apr 1838 - London, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Président du Conseil - 1839 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - il se retire définitivement avec le titre de Maréchal Général - 1847 - Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 26 Nov 1851 - Château de Soulberg, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Fr Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    456728.jpg
    456728.jpg

    Documents
    The Ascendancy of Gibraltar during the Age of Napoleon (1793-1815)
    The Ascendancy of Gibraltar during the Age of Napoleon (1793-1815)
    Becoming Nelson's Refuge and Wellington's Rock

  • Notes 
    • Napoleon Guide

      Duke of Dalmatia
      He has a reputation for having been an avid seizer of art
      His origins were humble--a baker's son

      More than 20 years after the Napoleonic Wars had ended Marshal Nicolas Soult was representing France at the coronation of Queen Victoria when he was grabbed by the arm by none other than the Duke of Wellington.
      The conqueror of Napoleon Bonaparte is reported to have said: "I have you at last."
      The comment refers to one of the final campaigns of the Peninsular War where Wellington was forced to chase Soult's army through the Pyrenees as the Frenchman led him a merry dance.
      Such was the respect that one of the greatest commanders of all time had for the son of a baker.
      Soult had joined the French army at 16 and his abilities saw him an officer within six years.
      He fought at Fleurus, received a promotion to general of brigade in 1794, and then was stationed on the Rhine. In 1799 he took part at Stockach, became general of division and fought at Zurich.
      Becoming a marshal in 1804, Soult was given the honour of taking the vital Pratzen Heights at Austerlitz and won huge praise from Bonaparte for his tactical abilities.
      He fought well at Jena, Eylau, Heilsberg and was rewarded by becoming the Duke of Dalmatia.
      Known for his greed, Soult enjoyed his titles and the accompanying wealth.
      In 1808, Soult went to Spain and chased Sir John Moore to Corunna where, although beaten, he put up a monument to his fallen foe and won great respect from the British for doing so.
      Being surprised by Wellington at Oporto lessened his standing, although he followed that by beating the Spanish at Ocana.
      In 1811, Soult found himself up against Marshal Beresford at Albuera and was stunned to lose that bloody battle. In awe of British courage, he said later he had beaten the redcoats, it was just that they did not know when they were beaten.
      During the 1813 Campaign, Soult fought at Bautzen but was rushed back to Spain to recover the situation after the debacle of Vitoria.
      His leadership proved outstanding and, in the face of great odds and a supremely confident British army, managed to stay the inevitable for almost a year.
      Joining with Bonaparte for the 100 Days' Campaign he became the emperor's chief of staff and did not perform as well as perhaps he could have.
      In later years, Soult was used in many senior government position, including Minister of War, and became one of only a few honoured with the title Marshal-General of France.
    • Wikipedia
    • 1911 Classic Encyclopedia
      He was fairly well educated, and intended for the bar, but his father's death when he was still a boy made it necessary for him to seek his fortune, and he enlisted as a private in the French infantry in 1785. His superior education ensured his promotion to the rank of sergeant after six years' service, and in July 1791 be became instructor to the first battalion of volunteers of the Bas-Rhin. He served ~'th his battalion. in 1792. By 1794 he was adjutant-general (~th the rank of chef de brigade). After the battle of Fleurus, in which he greatly distinguished himself for coolness, he was prof noted general of brigade by the representatives on mission. For 'the next five years he was constantly employed in Germany undef Jourdan, Moreau, Kléber and Lefebvre, and in 1799 be was r~romoted general of division and ordered to proceed to, Switzerland. It was at this time that he laid the foundations of his military fame, and he particularly distinguished himself in Massbna's great Swiss campaign, and especially at the battle of Zurich. He accompanied Masséna to Genoa, and acted as his prin.cipal lieutenant throughout the protracted siege of that city, during which he operated with a detached force without the walls, and after many successful actions he was wounded and taken prisoner at Monte Cretto on the r3th of April 1800. The victory of Marengo restoring his freedom, he received the command of the southern part of the kingdom of Naples, and in 1802 he was appointed one of the four generals commanding the consular guard. Though he was one of those generals who had served under Moreau, and who therefore, as a rule, disliked and despised Napoleon, Soult had the wisdom to show his devotion to the ruling power; in consequence he was in August 1803 appointed to the~command-in-chief of the camp of Boulogne, and in May 1804 he was made one of the first marshals of France. He commanded a corps in the advvnce on Ulm, and at Austerlitz (q.v.) he led the decisive attack on the allied centre. He played a great part in all the famous battles of the Grande Armée, except the battle of Friedland (on the day of which he forced his way into Konigsberg), and after the conclusion of the peace of Tilsit he returned to France and was created (1808) duke of Dalmatia. In. the following year he was appointed to the command of the II. corps of the army with which Napoleon intended to conquer Spain, and after winning the battle of Gamonal he was detailed by the emperor to pursue Sir John Moore, whom he only caught up at Corunna.
      For the next four years Soult remained in Spain, and his military history is that of the Peninsular War (q.v.). In 1809, after his defeat by Sir John Moore, he invaded Portugal and took Oporto, but, busying himself with the political settlement of his conquests in the French interests and, as he hoped, for his own ultimate benefit as a possible candidate for the throne, he neglected to advance upon. Lisbon, and was eventually dislodged from Oporto by Sir Arthur Wellesley, making a painful and almost disastrous retreat over the mountains. After the battle of Talavera he was made chief of staff of the French troops in Spain with extended powers, and on the I9th of November 1809 Won the great victory of Ocafia. In 1810 he invaded Andalusia, which he speedily reduced, with the exception of Cadiz. In 1811 he marched north into Estremadura, and took Badajoz, and when the Anglo-Portuguese army laid siege to it he marched to its rescue, and fought the famous battle of Albuera (May 16). In 1812, however, he was obliged, after Wellington's great victory of Salamanca, to evacuate Andalusia, and was soon after recalled from Spain at the request of Joseph Bonaparte, with whom, as with the other marshals, he had always disagreed. In March 1813 he assumed the command of the IV. corps of the Grande Armée and commanded the centre at Liitzen and Bautzen, but he was soon sent, with unlimited powers, to the south of France to repair the damage done by the great defeat of Vittoria. His catnpaign there is the finest proof of his genius as a general, although he was repeatedly defeated by the English under Wellington, for his soldiers were but raw conscripts, while those of Wellington were the veterans of many campaigns.
      Such was the military career of Marshal Soult. His political career was by no means so creditable, and it has been said of him that he had character only in front of the enemy. After the first abdication of Napoleon be declared himself a Royalist, received the order of St Louis, and acted as minister for war from the 3rd of December 1814 to the 11th of March 1815. When Napoleon returned from Elba Soult at once declared himself a Bonapartist, was made a peer of France and acted as majorgeneral (chief of staff) to the emperor in. the campaign of Waterloo, in. which role he distinguished himself far less than he had done as commander of an over-matched army. At the Second Restoration he was exiled, but not for long, for in 1819 he was recalled and in. 1820 again made a marshal of France. He once more tried to show himself a fervent Royalist and was made a peer in 1827. After the revolution of 1830 he made out that he was a partisan of Louis Philippe, who welcomed his adhesion and revived for him the title of marshal-general. He served as minister for war from 1830 to 1834, as ambassador extraordinary to London for the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838, and again as minister for war from 1840 to 1844. In 1848, when Louis Philippe was overthrown, Soult again declared himself a republican. He died at his castle of Soultberg, near his birthplace, on the 26th of November 1851. ~oult himself wrote but little. He published a memoir justifying his adhesion to Napoleon. during the Hundred Days, and his notes and journals were arranged by his son Napoleon Hector (1801\emdash 1857), who published the first part (Memoires d'u maréchal-général Soult) in 1854. Le Noble's Méinoires sur les operations des Fran cais en Galicie are supposed to have been written from Soult papers.
    • Histoire Empire
      - Armée Royale à l'âge de 16 ans, au régiment royal-infanterie à Saint-Jean-d'Angély.
      - Quitte l'armée au bout de deux ans, puis rengage rapidement en 1787, dans la même unité.
      - En 1789, il adopte les idées révolutionnaires.
      - Caporal le 31 mars 1791
      - Caporal Fourrier, et Sergent le 1er juillet 1791
      - Fin janvier 1792, officier instructeur (Sous-lieutenant) au 1er bataillon des volontaires du Haut-Rhin.
      - En juillet 1792, nommé Adjudant-major.
      - En novembre 1793, à l'armée de Moselle, sous les ordres du générale Hoche.
      - Armée de Sambre et Meuse, sous Jourdan.
      - Nommé Colonel.
      - Bataille de Fleurus, le 26 juin 1794, sous les ordres du général Lefebvre, il est nommé général de brigade, à l'âge de 25 ans.
      - Épouse Louise Berg de Solingen (près de Düsseldorf) le 26 avril 1796.
      - Bataille d'Altenkirchen, le 4 juin 1796.
      - Général de division dans l'Armée d'Helvétie, sous les ordres de Masséna.
      - Bataille de Zürich (3e bataille), le 25-27 septembre 1799.
      - Armée d'Italie sous les ordres de Masséna.
      - Participe à la défense de Gènes en avril 1800, jusqu'à la capitulation le 4 juin.
      - Fin 1800, il est chargé de pacifier le Piedmont.
      - En 1802, il devient colonel-général de l'infanterie légère de la Garde consulaire.
      - Maréchal de France le 19 mai 1804, grand-officier de la Légion d'Honneur.
      - Il commande le camp de Boulogne à Saint-Omer, ainsi que le IVe Corps de la Grande Armée
      - Bataille d'Austerlitz le 2 décembre 1805.
      - Campagnes de Prusse et de Pologne.
      - Iéna le 14 octobre 1806
      - Eylau le 8 février 1807.
      - Prise de la ville de Königsberg, le 16 juin 1807.
      - En 1808, il accompagne Napoléon en Espagne.
      - Duc de Dalmatie en 1808.
      - Il commande le IIe Corps de la Grande Armée au Portugal
      - Défaite d'Oporto face à Wellington.
      - Victoire d'Ocaña le 19 novembre 1809, contre Wellington
      - Major général de Joseph Bonaparte.
      - Soult soumet l'Andalousie en 1810. Il devient gouverneur de la province.
      - Il force les anglais à lever le siège de Badajoz en 1811.
      - En 1812, Wellington le force à la retraite.
      - Un court séjour en Allemagne en 1813.
      - Bataille de Bautzen.
      - En Espagne de nouveau, face à Wellington, en sous-nombre, il doit repasser les Pyrénées
      - Défaite d'Orthez, le 27 février 1814.
      - Défend la ville de Toulouse jusqu'au 10 Avril 1814 (à la nouvelle de l'abdication) contre les anglo-espagnols
      - Sous Louis XVIII, il devient ministre de la guerre jusqu'au 11 mars 1815.
      - Au retour de l'île d'Elbe, le 8 Mars il lance une proclamation et accuse Napoléon "d'usurpateur", de "misérable", puis il se rallie...
      - Pendant les Cent-Jours, il est nommé major général de l'Armée du Nord le 9 Mai...
      - Le 4 juin, dans un ordre du jour, Napoléon est un "Héros"...
      - Bataille de Ligny 16 juin 1815.
      - Waterloo le 18 juin 1815.
      - Il se retire dans son château de Soulberg.
      - Il est pardonné par Louis XVIII en 1819 et retrouve ses titres en 1820.
      - Pair de France.
      - Ministre de la guerre de 1830 à 1832 sous Louis-Philippe
      - En 1847, il se retire définitivement avec le titre de Maréchal Général.


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