Isabella Agneta van Tuyll van Serooskerken

Isabella Agneta van Tuyll van Serooskerken

Female 1740 - 1805  (65 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Isabella Agneta van Tuyll van Serooskerken 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 20 Oct 1740  Kasteel Zuylen Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 27 Dec 1805  Colombier Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I439251  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 4 Nov 2006 

    Father Diederik Jacob van Tuyll van Serooskerken,   b. 2 Nov 1707, Zuilen Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Sep 1776, Amsterdam, NH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Mother Helena Jacoba de Vicq,   b. 3 Jan 1724, Amsterdam, NH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Dec 1768, Amsterdam, NH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married 1 Dec 1739  Amsterdam, NH, NL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F129133  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Charles-Emmanuel de Charrière,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 17 Feb 1771 
    Last Modified 3 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F203740  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Baron Henri Benjamin Constant de Rebecque,   b. 25 Oct 1767, Lausanne, Vaud, CH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Dec 1830, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Married 1786 
    Last Modified 3 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F188330  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    439251.jpg
    439251.jpg

  • Notes 
    • David-Louis de Constant Rebecque, seigneur de Villars-Mendraz et d'Hermenches (1722-1785) - kortweg Constant d'Hermenches is met zijn regiment in Den Haag gestationeerd als hij in 1760 op een koninklijk bal in Den Haag de 19-jarige Belle van Zuylen ontmoet. Belle is onmiddellijk onder de indruk van Constant. Hun ontmoeting getuigt van Belles warsheid van adellijke beleefdheidsvormen. Op het Haagse Oranjebal ter gelegenheid van het huwelijk van de zus van stadhouder Willem V, ziet zij tussen de dansende paren deze aantrekkelijke officier. Terwijl een adellijke jongedame gedwee hoort te wachten op de uitnodiging voor een dans, stapt Belle vrijmoedig op hem af: Portret van Belle van Zuylen
      Monsieur, vous ne dansez pas ?'
      Vonk Haar onafhankelijke gedrag ontgaat haar ouders niet. Van schrik laten zij onmiddellijk de koets voorrijden en brengen ze Belle naar huis. Te laat: de vonk is al overgeslagen. Kort na hun ontmoeting worden de eerste brieven van een jarenlange geheime correspondentie uitgewisseld. Belle schrijft Constant in 1764:
      Sinds ik je ken, hebben zij mij wel duizend maal opnieuw gezegd, dat je een vreselijk libertijns en handig man bent en dat de vrouw die vriendschap met je sluit, zich schuldig maakt aan de grootst mogelijke onvoorzichtigheid (...) Welnu dan, als ik iemand lief had, als ik vrij was, zou het mij moeilijk vallen verstandig te zijn. Mijn zinnen zijn net als mijn hart en geest begerig naar genot, gretig naar de felste en de verfijnste indrukken.' Bron: Braasem, W. A., Een rebelle aan de Vecht. Slot Zuylen en zijn bewoners, Den Haag 1984, p. 37.
      Papiergeliefden Op haar zolderkamer van hun zomerverbijf, Slot Zuylen, of in het stadshuis in Utrecht krabbelt Belle vaak tot diep in de nacht met haar ganzenpen op het papier. Constant d'Hermenches is bijzonder van Belle gecharmeerd en bewondert haar intelligentie en rijke geest: Slot Zuylen
      (…) het staal dat deze schitterende vonken slaat uit uw geest en dat de aanleiding vormt tot brieven die stellig verdienen aan het nageslacht te worden overgeleverd'

      Her parents were described by the British author James Boswell as "one of the most ancient noblemen in the Seven Provinces" and "an Amsterdam lady, with a great deal of money". Isabelle was the eldest of seven children.
      In 1750 , Isabelle was sent to Geneva and travelled through Switzerland and France . Having spoken only French for a year, she had to relearn Dutch on returning home to the Netherlands. However, French would remain her preferred language for the rest of her life, which helps to explain why, for a long time, her work was not as well known in her country of birth as it otherwise might have been.
      Isabelle enjoyed a much broader education than was usual for girls at that time, thanks to the liberal views of her parents who also let her study subjects like mathematics. By all accounts, she was a gifted student.
      As she grew older, various suitors appeared on the scene only to be rejected. She saw marriage as a way to gain freedom but she also wanted to marry for love. Eventually, in 1771, she married Charles-Emmanuel de Charrière de Penthaz, her brothers' former tutor. They settled at Le Pontet in Colombier (near Neuchâtel ) in Switzerland. They also spent significant amounts of time in Neuchâtel, Geneva and Paris.
      Correspondence
      Isabelle de Charrière kept up an extensive correspondence with numerous people, including intellectuals like James Boswell and Benjamin Constant .
      In 1760 , Isabelle met David Louis de Constant d'Hermenches ( 1722 - 1785 ), a married Swiss officer who society regarded as a Don Juan. After much hesitation, Isabelle's need for self-expression overwon her scrupules and she started an intimate and secret correspondence with him after a second meeting with him two years later. Constant d'Hermenches would be one of, if not her most, important correspondents.
      The Scottish writer James Boswell was a frequent visitor to Castle Zuylen in 1762 and became a regular correspondent after leaving the Netherlands. He proposed to her and she refused, saying she had "no talent for subordination".
      In 1786, Mme de Charrière met Constant d'Hermenches' nephew, the writer Benjamin Constant . They began an exchange of letters that would last until the end of her life.
      Works
      Isabelle de Charrière wrote novels, pamphlets, plays and composed music. Her most productive period came only after she'd been living in Colombier for a number of years. Themes included her religious doubts, the nobility and the upbringing of women.
      Her first novel, Le Noble, was published in 1762 . It was a satire against the nobility and although it was published anonymously, her identity was soon discovered and her parents withdrew the work from sale.
      In 1784 , she published two novels, Lettres neuchâteloises and Mistriss Henley. Both were epistolaries, a form she continued to favour. In 1788 , she published her first pamphlets about the political situation in the Netherlands.
      As a great admirer of the philosopher Jean Jacques Rosseau , she assisted in the posthumous publication of his work, Confessions, in 1789 . She also wrote her own pamphlets on Rousseau around this time.
      The French Revolution caused a number of nobles to flee to Neuchâtel and Mme de Charrière befriended some of them. But she also published works criticising the attitudes of the noble refugees, most of whom she felt had learned nothing from the Revolution. However, she wasn't an outright democrat either, looking with dismay on the violence of the revolutionary mobs.


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