Earl Prime Minister William Petty-FitzMaurice

Earl Prime Minister William Petty-FitzMaurice

Male 1737 - 1805  (68 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and 114 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name William Petty-FitzMaurice 
    Prefix Earl Prime Minister 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 2 May 1737  Dublin, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 13 May 1737 
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 May 1805  Landsdowne House, Berkeley Square, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Aft 7 May 1805  High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I412449  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 7 Nov 2007 

    Father Earl John Petty-FitzMaurice,   b. Abt 1700,   d. 10 May 1761  (Age ~ 61 years) 
    Mother Mary FitzMaurice,   b. Abt 1713,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 13 Feb 1734 
    Siblings 1 sibling 
    Family ID F164420  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Sophia Carteret,   b. 26 Aug 1745,   d. 5 Jan 1771  (Age 25 years) 
    Married 3 Feb 1765  Chapel Royal, St James Palace, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Marquis John Petty-FitzMaurice,   b. 6 Dec 1765,   d. 15 Nov 1809  (Age 43 years)
     2. William Petty-FitzMaurice,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 20 Jan 2003 
    Family ID F164403  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Louisa FitzPatrick,   b. 1755,   d. 7 Aug 1789, Shelburne House, Berkeley Square, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years) 
    Married 19 Jul 1779  St George's Church, Bloomsbury, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Marquess Henry FitzMaurice,   b. 2 Jul 1780, Shelburne House, Berkeley Square, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jan 1863, Bowood House, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
    Last Modified 7 Nov 2007 
    Family ID F164294  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 May 1805 - Landsdowne House, Berkeley Square, London Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Prime Minister William Petty-FitzMaurice
    Prime Minister William Petty-FitzMaurice

  • Notes 
    • 1761 2nd Earl of Shelburne
      1782/07 Prime Minister of Great Britain until 1783
      1784/12/06 1st Marquis of Landsdowne
      2nd Earl of Shelburne (from 1761)
      Viscount Fitzmaurice
      Baron Dunkeron and Lord Wycombe
      Baron of Chipping Wycombe
      Earl Wycombe of Chipping Wycombe
      Viscount Calne and Calstone
      Prime Minister of England (Jul 1782-Apr 1783)
      1st Marquis of Lansdowne (from 6 Dec 1784)
      William was educated privately and at Christ Church, Oxford (1755-1757).
      He served in the army during the Seven Years' War (which lasted from 1756 to 1763 and included the "French and Indian War" in North America).
      Politics
      William was elected to Parliament from the borough of Chipping Wycombe in 1760 and 1761. Upon his father's death in May 1761, he became ineligible to sit in the House of Commons and moved to the House of Lords.
      In 1763, William became first lord of trade in the Grenville ministry but resigned within a few months. In 1766, he served as secretary of state for the southern department under William Pitt. He resigned in 1768. In 1782, he became home secretar y under Lord Rockingham and was appointed prime minister in July 1782 upon the death of Rockingham. While in office, he completed the negotiation of the treaty of Versailles, making peace with the former colonies and bringing an end to the America n Revolution. The final terms relating to the United States of America were similar to those that William had proposed from the beginning of the Revolution. William was defeated in 1783.
      William was created Marquis of Lansdowne in 1784 and, thereafter, was no longer active in political affairs.
      Boston, Massachusetts, and seven nearby communities have each named one of their streets "Lansdowne" to memorialize the 1st Marquis of Lansdowne because of his attitude toward the American colonies during the American Revolution. He consistentl y opposed the policies of George III towards the colonies in North America. He paid a political price for taking this position, which is still characterized in some English texts as "arrogance and aloofness".
      The Lansdowne Portrait
      In April 1796, Senator William Bingham of Philadelphia and his wife, Anne Bingham, commissioned Gilbert Stuart to paint a portrait of George Washington as a present for the Marquis of Lansdowne. This portrait, generally known as the "Lansdowne Por trait", was the first full length portrait of President Washington. Sen. Bingham described the Marquis as "a warm friend to the United States".
      Ownership of the portrait eventually passed to Lord Harry Dalmeny whose family had owned the painting since c.1900. He said that he planned to sell the portrait in 2001.
      On March 14th, the Las Vegas-based Donald W. Reynolds Foundation donated $30 million to provide $20 million for the purchase of the painting, $4 million to pay for a permanent installation for the "Lansdowne" at the portrait gallery, and $6 millio n to finance a tour of the Lansdowne portrait around the United States. The portrait had been on anonymous loan to the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution since 1968. It is now owned by the National Portrait Gallery.


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