King John Plantagenet, "Lackland"

King John Plantagenet, "Lackland"

Male 1166 - 1216  (49 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name John Plantagenet  [1, 2, 3
    Prefix King 
    Suffix "Lackland" 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 24 Dec 1166  Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 4
    Gender Male 
    Died 19 Oct 1216  Newark Castle, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4, 5
    Buried Worcester Cathedral Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I41145  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father King Henry Plantagenet, II, "Curtmantle",   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanore d' Aquitaine,   b. Abt 1122, Chateau de Belin, Guinne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, l'Abbaye de Fontevraul, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 82 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Poitiers Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 8 siblings 
    Family ID F2674  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Comtesse Constance de Bretagne,   b. Abt 1161,   d. 5 Sep 1201, Nantes, Brittany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years) 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F48746  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 NN1,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Osbert Gifford,   d. Aft 1216
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48750  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 NN FitzWarin,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Oliver of England,   b. Bef 1186,   d. 1290, Siege of Damietta, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 104 years)
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48748  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 NN2,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Matilda Plantagenet,   d. Bef 1202
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48752  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Hawise de Tracy,   b. 1168,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Oliver of England,   b. Bef 1186,   d. 1290, Siege of Damietta, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 104 years)
     2. Osbert Gifford,   d. Aft 1216
     3. Geoffrey FitzRoy,   b. 1192,   d. 1205, Rochell, Charentemaritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 13 years)
     4. John FitzJohn Courcy,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Odo FitzRoy,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Ivo Plantagenet,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Henry FitzRoy,   b. 1192, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Richard Plantagenet,   b. 1186,   d. 6 Aug 1270  (Age 84 years)
     9. Matilda Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1204,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. Isabella la Blanche,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Mathilda FitzJohn,   b. Abt 1201,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2667  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Suzanne de Warenne,   b. Abt 1166,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Baron Richard FitzRoy,   b. 1186, Chilham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 24 Jun 1246  (Age 60 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2668  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 NN3,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Richard Plantagenet,   b. 1186,   d. 6 Aug 1270  (Age 84 years)
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48753  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 8 Agatha de Ferrers,   b. 1168, Charltey, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1188-1191  [4
    Children 
     1. Joan Plantagenet,   b. 1188-1191, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1236-1237, Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Uchaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2669  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 9 Clemence de Arcy,   b. Abt 1173,   d. Sep 1196  (Age ~ 23 years) 
    Children 
     1. Joan Plantagenet,   b. 1188-1191, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1236-1237, Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Uchaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F48749  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 10 Isabella FitzRobert,   b. 1170, Gloucester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1217  (Age 47 years) 
    Married Bef 29 Aug 1189  Malborough Castle Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4, 6
    Divorced Bef 1200 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F17567  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 11 NN 4,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Geoffrey FitzRoy,   b. 1192,   d. 1205, Rochell, Charentemaritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 13 years)
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48754  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 12 NN 5,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. John FitzJohn Courcy,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48755  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 13 NN 6,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Odo FitzRoy,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Ivo Plantagenet,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48756  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 14 NN 7,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Henry FitzRoy,   b. 1192, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48757  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 15 NN 8,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Isabella la Blanche,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2001 
    Family ID F48758  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 16 Isabelle Taillefer,   b. 1188, Angoulême, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1246, Fontevrault Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jun 1200  Bordeaux Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. King Henry III Plantagenet,   b. 1 Oct 1207, Winchester Castle Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     2. Earl Richard of Cornwall,   b. 5 Jan 1209, Winchester Castle Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Apr 1272, Newark Castle, Newark Nottinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     3. Joan Plantagenet,   b. 22 Jul 1210,   d. 1238  (Age 27 years)
     4. Isabelle Plantagenet,   b. 1214, Gloucester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1241, Foggia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     5. Eleanor Plantagenet,   b. 1215, Gloucester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Apr 1275, Montargis Abbey, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F2666  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 17 NN9,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
    +1. Lucia FitzRoy,   d. 18 Jan 1234
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F105020  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    41145.jpg
    41145.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Reigned 1199-1216. Signed Magna Carta in 1215 at Runnymede. His reign saw renewal of war with Phillip II Augustus of France to whom he lost several continental possesions including Normandy by 1205. He came into conflict with his Barons and was forced to Sign the Magna Carta. His later repudiation of the charter led to the first barons war 1215-17 during which John died. Burke says he was born in 1160. John 'Lackland' King Of England was known as one of England's worst kings; however, modern analysis notes he was actually much better than his infamous reputation allows. His barons forced him to grant the famous charter of liberties, Magna Carta, in 1215. He was often cruel, but he showed both administrative and military ability. John succeeded his brother Richard the Lion-Hearted as king of England and duke of Normandy in 1199. His rule began badly. By inept politics and the murder of his nephew Arthur, he lost the allegiance of many of his French barons. King Philip Augustus of France then declared war. In 1205 John was beaten, and lost all the English holdings in France except Aquitaine. John persued a policy in England that brought him into conflict with Pope Innocent III. In 1208 the pope placed England under an interdict, which banned church services. The following year John was excommunicated. The king then showed his capacity for strong rule. He forced Scotland into a subordinate position, kept the Welsh princes in check, and held a firm grip on Ireland. But his foreign favorites, professional troops, and autocratic financial policy stirred up discontent among the English barons. When John failed to reconquer the lost French territories in 1214, most of the barons and many of the clergy revolted. On June 15, 1215, the king was forced to approve the Magna Carta at Runnymede meadow beside the River Thames.
      A few months later, John fought the barons. They were aided by Prince Louis of France, heir to Philip Augustus, and appeared certain to win. But John penned his enemies in London and the adjacent counties. He died suddenly in 1216, but his throne was saved for his son, Henry III. Buried in Worcester Cathedral Concubine at Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Divorced Isabel Fitzrobert 29 August 1189.

      REF: "Falls the Shadow" Sharon Kay Penman: William the Conqueror requested a large number of Jews to move to England after his conquest. They spoke Norman & did well under his reign. They continued to thrive under William's grandson Henry II. When Richard was coronated, he did so "in a bath of Jewish blood." John merely taxed them very heavily, "bled them white".

      REF: British Monarchy Official Website: Richard's success (at retrieving all of his French possessions taken by Philip Augustus) was short lived. In 1199 his brother, John, became king and Philip successfully invaded Normandy. By 1203 John had retreated to England, losing his French lands of Normandy and Anjou by 1205. John (reigned 1199-1216) was an able administrator interested in law and government but he neither trusted others, nor was trusted by them.
      Heavy taxation, disputes with the Church (John was excommunicated by the Pope in 1209) and unsuccessful attempts to recover his French possessions made him unpopular. Many of his barons rebelled and in June 1215 they forced the King to sign a peace treaty accepting their reforms. This treaty, later known as Magna Carta, limited royal powers, defined feudal obligations between the king and the barons, and guaranteed a number of rights. The most influential clauses concerned the freedom of the Church; the redress of grievances of owners and tenants of land; the need to consult the Great Council of the Realm so as to prevent unjust taxation; mercantile and trading relationships; regulation of the machinery of justice so that justice be denied to no one; and the requirement to control the behaviour of royal officials. The most important clauses established the basis of habeas corpus ('you have the body'), i.e. that no one shall beimprisoned except by due process of law, and that 'to no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay right or justice'.
      The Charter also established a council of barons who were to ensure that the sovereign observed the Charter, with the right to wage war on him if he did
      not. Magna Carta was the first formal document insisting that the sovereign was as much under the rule of law as his people; and that the rights of individuals were to be upheld even against the wishes of the sovereign. As a source of fundamental constitutional principles, Magna Carta came to be seen as an important definition of aspects of English law, and in later centuries as the basis of the liberties of the English people. As a peace treaty Magna Carta was a failure and the rebels invited Louis of France to become their king. When John died in 1216 England was in the grip of civil war.

      Probeerde tevergeefs tijdens de kruistocht van zijn broer de troon te bemachtigen met behulp van Philip II August van Frankrijk. Na de dood van zijn broer Koning van 1199-1216, maar werd door zijn vroegere Franse bongenoten niet erkend. Door de nederlaag van Bouvines 1214 verloor hij de Engelse bezittingen ten noorden van de Loire definitief. [7]
    • (Medical):exhaustion after crossing Wash of Lincoln & Norfolk.

  • Sources 
    1. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), line 1 pp 1-4 (Reliability: 0).

    2. [S4] Britain's Royal Families, Alison Weir, (rev. ed, Pimlico Random House, London 1989, 1996 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), p 66 (Reliability: 0).

    3. [S20] Washington Ancestry & Records of McClain, Johnson & Forty Other Colonial American Families, (Chart: The Ancestry of Mourning Adams Garner, pp 54-55, Vol I , , Repository: 3 volume set).

    4. [S14] University of Hull Royal Database (England), Brian Tompsett, (copyright 1994, 1995, 1996 , , Repository: WWW, University of Hull, Hull, UK HU6 7RX bct@tardis.ed.ac.uk).

    5. [S4] Britain's Royal Families, Alison Weir, (rev. ed, Pimlico Random House, London 1989, 1996 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), p 72 (Reliability: 0).

    6. [S10] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner), p 3 (Reliability: 0).

    7. [S578] The World Book Encyclopedia, Roderick W. Stuart, (1968, p J110., 1993), p 38 (Reliability: 3).


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