General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon

General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon

Male 1813 - 1856  (43 years)

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  • Name General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon 
    Prefix General Comte 
    Born 31 Mar 1813  Walcot, Bath, Sommerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Address 1828  Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location 
    fought in Portugal against Dom Miguel (1828) 
    Address 1832  Nagy-Enyed, Ungarn Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headquarters of the 2nd regiment of Hussars during peacetime 
    Address Dec 1838  Pest, Ungarn Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Soon after his marriage, he retired to an estate near Pesth, the vicinity of his wife's friends and relatives, where he occupied his leisure after the manner of a Coventry gentleman, in cultivating his property, in hunting the wolf and the wild boar. 
    Battle 29 Sep 1848  Sukoro Find all individuals with events at this location 
    an army of 50.000 men, led by Jellachich, the Ban of Croatia, invaded Hungary and were beaten by an ill- armed medley of men, forming a corps of some 15,000, assembled a few miles from Buda-Pesth 
    Battle 30 Oct 1848  Schwechat Find all individuals with events at this location 
    At the head of his battalion he three times repulsed the Serezans of Jellachich, and his horse being shot under him, he seized his pistols and led his men to the charge on foot
    He was made a colonel on the field 
    Battle 12 Dec 1848  Tyrnau Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gorgey meanwhile marched his forces in three columns from Pesth to upper Hungary, while Guyon commanded the rear.  
    Battle 10 Jan 1849  Ipolysag Find all individuals with events at this location 
    These operations on parallel lines of advance and retreat, it seems, offer a difficulty in defining, but Guyon, by a skilful and certainly heroic effort covered the whole baggage and saved it from the pursuing Austrians.  
    Battle 02 Feb 1849  Igló Find all individuals with events at this location 
    On the 2nd of February, General Schlick's advanced guard made a descent upon Colonel Guyon, who had established himself with some haste at Iglo 
    Battle 05 Feb 1849  Branyiszko Pass Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Guyon, and his brave Magyars, not 10,000 in number, stood in the valley; while 25,000 picked imperialists waited in watchfulness for the moment which was to behold the calculated extermination of the audacious insurgents that he led. The contest was furious, but decisive, and the Austrians were driven in disorder, and with great slaughter, over the main ridge 
    Battle 26 Feb 1849  Kapolna Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Guyon commanded a division of Dembinski's force 
    Battle 11 Jul 1849  Komorn Find all individuals with events at this location 
    having hunted the country in the neighbourhood of Komorn he knew the scenery well which enabled him to post his troops advantageously; on which occasion, so glorious for the Hungarian tricolor, General Guyon commanded in chief, with 24,000 men and 80 pieces of cannon. The Austrian general was driven from his position, and, dividing his army into two divisions to escape pursuit, it was cut to pieces, the enemy leaving 4000 dead on the field 
    Battle 09 Aug 1849  Temesvar Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Guyon led his hussars right up to the enemy's guns; but men and horses having been for nearly four-and-twenty hours without food or forage, failed, with dreadful loss, in their efforts 
    Address Sep-Oct 1849  Constantinople, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1850  Damascus, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    He was offered service by the Turkish government and was sent to Damascus with the rank of lieutenant-general, on the staff, and with the title of "Khourschid Pasha"  
    Address Nov 1853  Kars, Anatolia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    He was directed to proceed from Damascus, with all dispatch, to the army of Anatolia and reached Kars, shortly after the Turkish forces had sustained a defeat at Soobaltan 
    Battle 16 Aug 1854  Kurekdere Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Guyon was doomed to experience unjust and ungenerous treatment from the authorities at Stamboul. All future command was denied the general, who was placed upon halfpay 
    Address 1855  Damascus, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 11 Oct 1856  Scutari Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 15 Oct 1856  Scutari Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I41112  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2013 

    Father Commander John Guyon,   b. 16 Jun 1767,   d. 15 Jan 1844, Richmond, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Debaufre,   b. 13 Feb 1785,   d. 2 Aug 1863, Ventnor, Isle of Wight Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Married 7 Jun 1804 
    Family ID F19353  Group Sheet

    Family Baronesse Mary Splényi de Miháldi,   d. 1867-1871, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Nov 1838  Košice Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    Married:
    • Married by the Bishop of Cassovic
    Children 
     1. Victor Guyon,   b. 1841,   d. 1862, Paris, Ile-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
     2. Mary Ann Guyon,   d. Aft 1867
     3. Comte Edgar Joseph-Richard de Guyon de Geis,   b. 1848, Csatta, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1930, Budapest, Ungarn Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2013 
    Family ID F19132  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 31 Mar 1813 - Walcot, Bath, Sommerset, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - fought in Portugal against Dom Miguel (1828) - 1828 - Portugal Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Headquarters of the 2nd regiment of Hussars during peacetime - 1832 - Nagy-Enyed, Ungarn Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Nov 1838 - Košice Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Soon after his marriage, he retired to an estate near Pesth, the vicinity of his wife's friends and relatives, where he occupied his leisure after the manner of a Coventry gentleman, in cultivating his property, in hunting the wolf and the wild boar. - Dec 1838 - Pest, Ungarn Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - an army of 50.000 men, led by Jellachich, the Ban of Croatia, invaded Hungary and were beaten by an ill- armed medley of men, forming a corps of some 15,000, assembled a few miles from Buda-Pesth - 29 Sep 1848 - Sukoro Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - At the head of his battalion he three times repulsed the Serezans of Jellachich, and his horse being shot under him, he seized his pistols and led his men to the charge on foot He was made a colonel on the field - 30 Oct 1848 - Schwechat Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Gorgey meanwhile marched his forces in three columns from Pesth to upper Hungary, while Guyon commanded the rear. - 12 Dec 1848 - Tyrnau Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - These operations on parallel lines of advance and retreat, it seems, offer a difficulty in defining, but Guyon, by a skilful and certainly heroic effort covered the whole baggage and saved it from the pursuing Austrians. - 10 Jan 1849 - Ipolysag Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - On the 2nd of February, General Schlick's advanced guard made a descent upon Colonel Guyon, who had established himself with some haste at Iglo - 02 Feb 1849 - Igló Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Guyon, and his brave Magyars, not 10,000 in number, stood in the valley; while 25,000 picked imperialists waited in watchfulness for the moment which was to behold the calculated extermination of the audacious insurgents that he led. The contest was furious, but decisive, and the Austrians were driven in disorder, and with great slaughter, over the main ridge - 05 Feb 1849 - Branyiszko Pass Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Guyon commanded a division of Dembinski's force - 26 Feb 1849 - Kapolna Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - having hunted the country in the neighbourhood of Komorn he knew the scenery well which enabled him to post his troops advantageously; on which occasion, so glorious for the Hungarian tricolor, General Guyon commanded in chief, with 24,000 men and 80 pieces of cannon. The Austrian general was driven from his position, and, dividing his army into two divisions to escape pursuit, it was cut to pieces, the enemy leaving 4000 dead on the field - 11 Jul 1849 - Komorn Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Sep-Oct 1849 - Constantinople, Turkey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - He was offered service by the Turkish government and was sent to Damascus with the rank of lieutenant-general, on the staff, and with the title of "Khourschid Pasha" - 1850 - Damascus, Turkey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - He was directed to proceed from Damascus, with all dispatch, to the army of Anatolia and reached Kars, shortly after the Turkish forces had sustained a defeat at Soobaltan - Nov 1853 - Kars, Anatolia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Guyon was doomed to experience unjust and ungenerous treatment from the authorities at Stamboul. All future command was denied the general, who was placed upon halfpay - 16 Aug 1854 - Kurekdere Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - 1855 - Damascus, Turkey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 11 Oct 1856 - Scutari Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 15 Oct 1856 - Scutari Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    General Richard Debaufre Guyon
    Museum of war Budapest
    Museum of war Budapest
    General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon
    General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon
    General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon
    General Comte Richard Debaufre Guyon

    Documents
    Biography of General Richard Guyon
    Biography of General Richard Guyon
    TO GEN. SIR JOHN SLADE, BART., G.C.H.
    by
    ARTHUR KINGLAKE.
    Weston-super-Mare, Dec. 13, 1855.

    Headstones
    Grave of Richard Guyon at the Haydarpaşa Cemetery in Istanbul, Turkey
    Grave of Richard Guyon at the Haydarpaşa Cemetery in Istanbul, Turkey
    27 May 2009 - Darwinek -Wikipedia

  • Notes 
    • Comte de Guyon

      Resigned imperial-royal first lieutenant;
      honved general in the War of Independence;
      division general of the Upper Danubian Army Corps;
      commander of the Komarom fort;
      commander of the 4th Army Corps. Emigrated.
      Converted to Islam in Turkey. (In his biography is stated that he was not converted as some others but stayed protestant)
    • From Jozsef J. Szabo, a teacher in Military history in Hungary:

      RICHARD GUYON, was a General in the war for freedom in Hungary (1848-1849). He was born in England, in the town BATH. He died in 1856 in Konstantinople. As a young man he already fought in Portugal against Dom Miguel (1828). In 1832 he joined the Austrian army. In 1839 he left Austria as a high-lieutnant and moved to Hungary. In the war for freedom he joined the Honved-army. He started as a commander of a bataillon and 5 februar he was appointed commander of a division. In a hard and famous battle he captured with his division the pass of Branyiszko which is in nowadays in Slovakia. The 1st of July 1849 he was appointed commander of the army and he captured the town Arad. After the revolt was crushed general Guyon fled to Turkey where he joined the Turkish army. His name in Turkey was "pascha Urschid". He was appointed commander of Damaskus and crushed in 1850 the revolt of Aleppo.
    • Roland Guion
      He joined the Austrian army in the 2nd regiment of Hussars.
      He was chief of staff of the Turkish army allied to Britain in the Crimean war. In 1839 he was granted the use of the title Compte de Guyon. A street in Budapest is named after him and his medals and sword are in the military museum there.
    • The Encyclopaedia Britannica.
      Born 1803 (?) near Bath in England.
      Trained in England - commissioned into the Austro-Hungarian Hussars 1823 (?)
      Joined the Honvédség as a general in 1848.
      Fought with distinction in the Szabadságharc 1848/1849.
      Fled to Turkey and joined Turkish army as pasha in 1852.
      Fought in Turco-Russian war 1854-55.
      Died of cholera in Scutari 1856.
    • Wikipedia - General Richard Guyon
    • Wikisource
    • The tricolor of Hungary
      From Bennett, W. C. (William Cox), "The Tricolor.
      A Cry for European Freedom. 1855.

      "Gagged and fettered by cowl and crown,
      Hungary crouches, Cossacked down:
      Pesth, how long will it be before
      Your walls shall fling out the Tricolor?
      Kossuth watches and waits afar;
      In the leash are Honved and fierce hussar
      Guyon, the Austrian squares, once more
      Will thunder through, with the Tricolor."

    Name:
    • Khourschid Pasha


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