454 - 526 (72 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||'der Grosse' |
||30 Sep 526
||Geneagraphie | Ahnen BvS
||This person is also Theoderich the Great at Wikipedia |
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Theoderich, 'der Grosse'|
Bronze statue of Theodoric the Great , from the monument of the Emperor Maximillian in the…
- king of the Ostrogoths ( 488 -526), ruler of Italy ( 493 -526), and regent of the Visigoths ( 511 -526). He became a hero of Germanic legend as Þeodric in Anglo-Saxon legends, Dietrich von Bern in German legends and as Þjóðrekr and Þiðrekr in Norse mythology .
The man who ruled under the name of Theodoric was born in 454 on the banks of the Neusiedler See near Carnuntum , a year after the Ostrogoths had thrown off nearly a century of domination by the Huns . The son of the King Theodemir , Theodoric went to Constantinople as a young boy, as a hostage to secure the Ostrogoths' compliance with a treaty Theodemir had concluded with the Byzantine Emperor Leo .
He lived at the court of Constantinople for many years and learned a great deal about Roman government and military tactics, which served him well when he became the Goth ruler of a mixed but largely Romanized people. Treated with favor by the Emperors Leo I and Zeno , he became magister militum (or Master of Soldiers) in 483, and one year later he became consul . He afterwards returned to live among the Ostrogoths when he was 31 years old, and became their king in 488.
At the time, the Ostrogoths were settled in Byzantine territory as foederati (allies) of the Romans, but were becoming restless and increasingly difficult for Zeno to manage. Not long after Theodoric became king, the two men worked out an arrangement beneficial to both sides. The Ostrogoths needed a place to live, and Zeno was having serious problems with Odoacer , the King of Italy who had overthrown the western Roman Empire in 476 . Ostensibly a viceroy for Zeno, Odoacer was menacing Byzantine territory and not respecting the rights of Roman citizens in Italy. At Zeno's encouragement, Theodoric invaded Odoacer's kingdom.
Theodoric came with his army to Italy in 488, where he won the battles of Isonzo and Verona in 489 and at the Adda in 490. In 493 he took Ravenna . On February 2, 493, Theodoric and Odoacer signed a treaty that assured both parties would rule over Italy. A banquet was organised in order to celebrate this treaty. It was at this banquet that Theodoric, after making a toast, killed Odoacer with his own hands.
Like Odoacer, Theodoric was ostensibly only a viceroy for the emperor in Constantinople. In reality, he was able to avoid imperial supervision, and dealings between the emperor and Theodoric were as equals. However, unlike Odoacer, Theodoric respected the agreement he had made and allowed Roman citizens within his kingdom to be subject to Roman law and the Roman judicial system. The Goths, meanwhile, lived under their own laws and customs.
Theodoric the Great was allied with the Franks by his marriage to Audofleda, sister of Clovis I , and with the Visigoths , Vandals and Burgundian kings. Clovis I's ambitions to also rule over the Goths brought on intermittent warfare between 506 and 523. For much of his reign, Theodoric was the de facto king of the Visigoths as well, becoming regent for the infant Visigothic king, his grand-son Amalric , around 505. The Franks under Clovis were able to wrest control of Aquitaine from the Visigoths in 507 , defeating Alaric II , but otherwise, Theodoric was able to defeat their incursions. In 515, Theodoric married his daughter Amalasuntha to Eutharic , but Eutharic died shortly after this, so no lasting dynastic connection of Ostrogoths and Visigoths was established.
Theodoric also stopped the Vandals from raiding his territories by threatening the weak Vandal king Thrasamund with invasion. In 519 , when a mob had burned down the synagogues of Ravenna, Theodoric ordered the town to rebuild them at its own expense
- [S4205] Erzählende genealogische Stammtafeln zur europäischen Geschichte I/1, Bd. 1. Deutsche Fürstenhäuser Teilbd. 1 - 1991, Andreas Thiele, (R. G. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1991, ISBN 3-89406-460-9), 1 B 34 716 1,1., 1 (Reliability: 3).
- [S5680] Vorfahren des Tile von Damm, Genealogie um die Familie von Damm in Braunschweig, Band 7 - Die Masse der Dynasten, 143 (Reliability: 3).
- [S5731] La Préhistoire des Capétiens Teil 1, Settipani, Christian; Kerrebrouck, Patrick Van, (Nouvelle Histoire Génélogique de l'Auguste Maison de France 1993 ISBN 2-9501509-3-4), Tabelle 1 (Reliability: 3).