Joseph Peabody

Joseph Peabody

Male 1757 - 1844  (86 years)    Has 60 ancestors and 64 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Joseph Peabody 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 12 Dec 1757  Middleton, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 5 Jan 1844  Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I367379  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Joseph Peabody at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 28 Jan 2002 

    Father Deacon Francis Peabody,   b. 21 Sep 1715, Middleton, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Dec 1797  (Age 82 years) 
    Mother Margaret Knight,   b. 3 Sep 1722, Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Aug 1806  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 26 Mar 1739 
    Siblings 11 siblings 
    Family ID F145432  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Elizabeth Smith,   b. 2 Apr 1767, Middleton, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Feb 1854, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 24 Oct 1795  Middleton, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Joseph Augustus Peabody,   b. 7 Aug 1796,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Charles Peabody,   b. 8 Dec 1797, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Aug 1805, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 7 years)
     3. Francis Peabody,   b. 14 Jul 1799, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jul 1799, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     4. Francis Peabody,   b. 7 Dec 1801, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jul 1799, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. George Peabody,   b. 10 Jan 1804,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Charles Frederick Peabody,   b. 4 Mar 1806, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Apr 1807, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     7. Catharine Elizabeth Peabody,   b. 23 Jun 1808, Salem, Essex, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1883, Brookline, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
    Last Modified 28 Jan 2002 
    Family ID F145429  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Catherine Smith,   b. 13 Nov 1760, Middleton, Massachusettes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 28 Jan 2002 
    Family ID F145433  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Joseph Peabody
    Joseph Peabody

  • Notes 
    • Joseph Peabody saw service in the Revolution. He served in the privateers Bunker Hill and Pilgrim. He was captured in the privateer Fish Hawk and was imprisioned in St. John's, New Foundland until he was exchanged. Later, he became second officer on the letter of marque Ranger and was wounded in a skirmish with Loyalists.
      After the war, he purchased a schooner Three Friends, which he used for trading in Europe and the West Indies for several years. He established himself as a merchant in Salem in 1791 and carried on an extensive trade in the Baltic, the Mediterranean, the West Indies, China and India, amassing a great fortune. He is believed to have employed 6,000 to 7,000 men.

      During the War of 1812, Joseph Peabody, a wealthy merchant, bought a Danvers farm containing a dwelling house and other buildings. Peabody and his descendants enlarged and improved the house and gardens until the Farm no longer resembled a farm, but was a country estate for elegant summer living.
      By 1892, the property belonged to Ellen Peabody Endicott, Joseph Peabody's granddaughter, who had the house enlarged and the grounds embellished. Her son, William Crowninshield Endicott, Jr., lavished attention on the Farms, preserving and upgrading the estate. The Endicott family created an award-winning landscape. In 1926, Ellen Endicott received the Hunnewell Award, a prestigious honor granted by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society.

      Fortune : 1,000,000 $ (1844)
      300,000 $ 1800
      700,000 $ 1825
      Activity : Shipping merchant
      Main property: 83 ships / 7000 men

      During the Independence War, he joined the private armed marine first on Elias Hasket Derby’s "Bunker Hill", then on the Cabots "Pilgrim". He distinguished himself for his courage and determination. After these early adventures, Joseph Peabody launched himself in the shipping trade, purchasing his first vessel, a schooner named “Three Friends”. In the eight years after the peace of 1783, Joseph Peabody was constantly at sea, on numerous voyages to Europe and the West Indies. By 1791, he had amassed a large fortune and settled in Salem. By the time of the war of 1812, Joseph Peabody had become Salem’s largest shipowner and merchant. He owned as many as 83 ships, which he sent to St.Petersburg and other ports in Northern Europe, the Mediterranean as well as Calcutta, Canton and Sumatra in the East Indies. He also operated a number of coastal ships, carrying the goods from the farther destinations to various American ports and the West Indies. He was the largest employer of Salem, with 6000 to 7000 men in his ranks, and also its largest tax payer.


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