Zahir ud-Din Muhammad Babur

Zahir ud-Din Muhammad Babur

Male 1483 - 1530  (47 years)    Has 29 ancestors and 22 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Zahir ud-Din Muhammad Babur 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 15 Feb 1483  Fergana, Uzbekistan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 25 Dec 1530  Charbaghi near Agra Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Kabul, Afghanistan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I354512  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Babur at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 16 Jun 2013 

    Father Umar Shaikh Mirza, II,   b. 1456,   d. 1494  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Qutlaq Nigar Khanum,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Siblings 1 sibling 
    Family ID F140025  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mahim Begum,   d. 8 May 1533, Agra, India Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1506  Herat, Afghanistan Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Muhammad Nasir ud-din Humayun,   b. 14 Mar 1508, Kabul Castle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1556, Delhi Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
    Last Modified 17 Dec 2001 
    Family ID F140015  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • 1st Moghul Emperor

      Babur Pronounced As: bäbr [Turk.,=lion], 1483-1530, founder of the Mughal empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of Timur (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz Khan, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia. His early life was spent in an ultimately unsuccessful struggle to retain his inheritance and to recover Samarkand (Timur's capital) from the Uzbeks. In 1504, however, he captured Kabul and established a kingdom in Afghanistan. After the failure of his final attempt (1512) on Samarkand, Babur began raids southward into India. In 1525, responding to an invitation from the governor of the Punjab to overthrow the sultan of Delhi, Babur launched an invasion. Although his force was small, he defeated the sultan at Panipat in 1526 and captured Agra and Delhi. He finally conquered nearly all of N India. Babur was also a distinguished poet. His autobiography, The Baburnama (tr. by A. S. Beveridge, 1922, and by W. M. Thackston, 1996), is his most important work. His son Humayun succeeded him. Babur's name is also transliterated Baber and Babar.
    • The founder of the Mughal dynasty was Babur, "The Tiger," who ruled from 1483 to 1530. Babur was not fully a
      Mongol: his mother was descended from Genghis Khan, but his father was descended from Timur. Like his ancestors, he rose from comparatively little to become one of the great conquerors of his time. He ruled over a small kingdom in Turkestan; he expanded his kingdom by attacking Afghanistan and capturing Kabul in 1504. From there he crossed over the mountains into Hindustan and attacked the Dehli Sultanate. With an army of only twelve thousand men, he defeated the Sultan at Panipat, captured Agra and Dehli, and established himself as Sultan. He then attacked a confederation of Rajput states. When he died in 1530 he had conquered all of Hindustan and controlled an empire that extended from the Deccan to Turkestan. Besides his fierce military genius, his conquest of this vast territory was aided by technological superiority. He was the first Islamic conqueror to employ muskets and artillery, and even though these weapons were somewhat primitive, they were more than a match for the armies of the Hindustan.
    • Wikipedia

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