1758 - 1843 (84 years)
Has one ancestor and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||John Armstrong |
||25 Nov 1758
||Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pa.
||1 Apr 1843
||Red Hook, Dutchess County, NY
||Rhinebeck Cemetery, Rhinebeck, N.Y.
||21 Feb 2007 |
- Delegate from Pennsylvania and a Senator from New York
He attended Princeton College but left college in 1775 to enter Colonel Potter's Pennsylvania regiment. He served as aide-de-camp to General Hugh Mercer in the battle of Princeton, and afterward to General Gates until the close of the campaign against Burgoyne. He was promoted major on the staff of General Gates and in 1783, while stationed at Newburg, wrote the celebrated "Newburg Letters," which were circulated anonymously among the officers of Gates's command, their object being "to do justice to an ill-used soldiery." He served as Secretary of State of Pennsylvania 1783-1787, and as adjutant general for several years. He was a member of the Continental Congress 1787-1788; moved to Dutchess County, NY, in 1789 and settled near Livington Manor; elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending 3 March 1801, caused by the resignation of John Laurance; reelected in 1801, and served from 6 November 1800, to 5 February 1802, when he resigned; was next appointed to the Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending 3 March 1807, caused by the resignation of his successor, De Witt Clinton; subsequently elected to fill the vacancy in the term ending 3 March 1809, caused by the resignation of Theodorus Bailey, and served from 10 November 1803, until 30 June 1804, when he again resigned to enter the diplomatic service; Minister to France 1804-1810; also acted as Minister to Spain 1806; during the War of 1812 was commissioned brigadier general; Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President James Madison 1813-1814; engaged in literary pursuits