1455 - 1495 (40 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||João II de Castilla |
||3 May 1455
||25 Oct 1495
||5 Mar 2008 |
||Rey Alfonso V de Castilla, 'The African', b. 15 Jan 1432, Sintra, Portugal , d. 28 Aug 1481, Sintra, Portugal (Age 49 years) |
||Isabella de Castilla, b. 1432, d. 2 Dec 1455, Evora (Age 23 years) |
||6 May 1448
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- the Perfect Prince of Portugal, King of Portugal
In 1481 his first act as King was to summon the Cortes to meet at Evora to hold an inquiry into all titles to landed property and to ensure that only the royal judges should dispense criminal justice throughout the land. This, of course, gave great offence to the nobility who combined together to oppose the King, finding a new leader in Ferdinand, Duke of Braganca. This Duke and his equally powerful brothers began the almost inevitable intriguing with Castile.
According to the terms of a treaty concluded by his father, Joao II's only legitimate son was educated by the boy's maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Viseu. However, for the boy's safety Joao II was determined to retrieve his son. Due to the manipulations of the Duke of Braganca, this was delayed until 1483. When at last the boy was taken to his father, he was accompanied by the Duke of Braganca. After two days of celebrations the Duke wanted to take his leave from the King but was told that his duplicity was known and that he was to be arrested and stand trial for treason.
The Duke of Braganca was tried by twenty-nine judges, headed by the King, and, after a trial lasting twenty-two days, was found guilty on twenty-two counts and, on 29 June 1484, beheaded in the main square of Evora. The Duke's two brothers had managed to escape to Castile; but the elder, the Marquis of Montemór, was quaintly decapitated in effigy complete with imitation blood.
The King's vengeance then turned on his brother-in-law, the Duke of Viseu, whom he stabbed to death with his own hand at Setubal in August 1484. The Duke's brother and successor, Manuel, prudently swore allegiance to Joao II and was declared next heir to the throne after Prince Alfonso. Many other nobles were executed and so the power of the feudal nobility gave way to royal absolutism.
In November 1490 his son and heir, Alfonso, married, only to die a year later. At first Joao II contemplated making his illegitimate son, Jorge, his heir; but opposition, including from his own wife, forced him to acknowledge that Manuel was his heir.
In 1495, ill with dropsy, Joao II sought relief from his ailments at the spa of Monchique. However, the waters proved ineffective and he moved to Alvor where, on 25 October 1495, he died aged only forty.