Rey João II de Castilla

Rey João II de Castilla

Male 1455 - 1495  (40 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name João II de Castilla 
    Prefix Rey 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 3 May 1455  Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 25 Oct 1495  Alvora Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I33146  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2008 

    Father Rey Alfonso V de Castilla, 'The African',   b. 15 Jan 1432, Sintra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Aug 1481, Sintra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Mother Isabella de Castilla,   b. 1432,   d. 2 Dec 1455, Evora Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years) 
    Married 6 May 1448 
    Family ID F13950  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Leonor de Castilla,   b. 2 May 1458, Beja Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1525, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 22 Jan 1471  Setubal Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Alfonso de Castilla,   b. 18 May 1475, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1491, Santarem Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 16 years)
     2. Joao de Castilla,   b. 1483,   d. 1483  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F13951  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Ana de Mendoça,   b. Abt 1460,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
    +1. Duque Jorge de Lancastre,   b. 12 Aug 1481, Santarem, Abrantes, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jul 1550, Setubal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2008 
    Family ID F115699  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    33146.jpg
    33146.jpg

  • Notes 
    • the Perfect Prince of Portugal, King of Portugal
      In 1481 his first act as King was to summon the Cortes to meet at Evora to hold an inquiry into all titles to landed property and to ensure that only the royal judges should dispense criminal justice throughout the land. This, of course, gave great offence to the nobility who combined together to oppose the King, finding a new leader in Ferdinand, Duke of Braganca. This Duke and his equally powerful brothers began the almost inevitable intriguing with Castile.

      According to the terms of a treaty concluded by his father, Joao II's only legitimate son was educated by the boy's maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Viseu. However, for the boy's safety Joao II was determined to retrieve his son. Due to the manipulations of the Duke of Braganca, this was delayed until 1483. When at last the boy was taken to his father, he was accompanied by the Duke of Braganca. After two days of celebrations the Duke wanted to take his leave from the King but was told that his duplicity was known and that he was to be arrested and stand trial for treason.

      The Duke of Braganca was tried by twenty-nine judges, headed by the King, and, after a trial lasting twenty-two days, was found guilty on twenty-two counts and, on 29 June 1484, beheaded in the main square of Evora. The Duke's two brothers had managed to escape to Castile; but the elder, the Marquis of Montemór, was quaintly decapitated in effigy complete with imitation blood.

      The King's vengeance then turned on his brother-in-law, the Duke of Viseu, whom he stabbed to death with his own hand at Setubal in August 1484. The Duke's brother and successor, Manuel, prudently swore allegiance to Joao II and was declared next heir to the throne after Prince Alfonso. Many other nobles were executed and so the power of the feudal nobility gave way to royal absolutism.

      In November 1490 his son and heir, Alfonso, married, only to die a year later. At first Joao II contemplated making his illegitimate son, Jorge, his heir; but opposition, including from his own wife, forced him to acknowledge that Manuel was his heir.

      In 1495, ill with dropsy, Joao II sought relief from his ailments at the spa of Monchique. However, the waters proved ineffective and he moved to Alvor where, on 25 October 1495, he died aged only forty.


Home Page |  What's New |  Most Wanted |  Surnames |  Photos |  Histories |  Documents |  Cemeteries |  Places |  Dates |  Reports |  Sources