Prime Minister John Russell

Prime Minister John Russell

Male 1792 - 1878  (85 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 30 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name John Russell 
    Prefix Prime Minister 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 8 Aug 1792 
    Gender Male 
    Died 28 May 1878 
    Person ID I32708  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also John Russell, 1st Earl Russell at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 

    Father Duke John II Russell,   b. 6 Jul 1766,   d. 20 Oct 1839  (Age 73 years) 
    Mother Georgiana Byng,   b. 1768,   d. 1801  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 21 Mar 1786 
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Family ID F20872  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Adelaide Lister,   b. 12 Sep 1807,   d. 1 Nov 1838, Brighton, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years) 
     1. Victoria Russell,   b. 20 Oct 1838,   d. 9 May 1880  (Age 41 years)
    Last Modified 13 Dec 2007 
    Family ID F62874  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Frances Elliot,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. John Russell,   b. 1842,   d. 1876  (Age 34 years)
     2. George Gilbert William Russell,   b. 15 Apr 1848, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Francis Albert Rollo Russell,   b. 11 Jul 1849, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F13699  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos

  • Notes 
    • 1st Earl Russell of Kingston-Russell Viscount Amberley of Amberley

      Prime Minister 1846-52 and 1865-6,

      Lord John Russell was the third son of the sixth Duke of Bedford.
      He was educated at Westminster School and the University of Edinburgh. He entered Parliament in 1813 as the MP for Tavistock and during the 1820s he was a persistent advocate of extending the franchise and granting political equality to Roman Catholics. His support of parliamentary reform won the Whigs a great deal of support in the 1830 General Election although the Duke of Wellington formed the ministry which lasted only until November 1830.
      Russell was Paymaster General in Earl Grey's Whig ministry of 1830-1834 and was one of the four members of the government who was made responsible for the drafting of the Reform Bill (1832) which doubled the British electorate. It was Russell who proposed the legislation to parliament and who was responsible for steering it through the House of Commons. On the third attempt to push the legislation through parliament, Russell was the only man who knew of the Bill's contents: he was still trying to dry the ink on the proposals when he entered the House of Commons. In November 1834 he resigned along with the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and sat on the Opposition Front Bench during Peel's first ministry.
      Following Peel's downfall, thanks to the Lichfield House Compact, Russell rejoined Melbourne's government and became Home Secretary from 1835 to 1839 and Secretary for War and the Colonies from 1839 to 1841. He was also Leader of the House of Commons during this time. In the General Election of 1841, which the Conservatives won, Russell was returned as MP for the City of London which he represented until he was elevated to the House of Lords in 1861.
      Immediately after the repeal of the Corn Laws Peel resigned and Russell became Prime Minister at the head of a Whig administration. During this first premiership (1846-1852), he helped pass legislation limiting working hours in factories in the 1847 Factory Act and was responsible for the passing of the Public Health Act of 1848. This ministry also ended restrictions on colonial trade by repealing the Navigation Acts in 1849.
      His government's efforts to prevent widespread starvation as a result of the Irish famine of 1846-1847 were ineffective. Russell's alternate support for and dissent from Aberdeen's government policies during the Crimean War(1854-46) caused him to lose the leadership of the Liberal party to Viscount Palmerston.
      As foreign secretary (1859-1865) under Palmerston, he supported Italian Unification and antagonised the United States during the American Civil War by actions that seemed to favour the Confederacy. He retired from political office after briefly heading a second ministry in 1865-1866 but continued to sit in the House of Lords where he spoke on a variety of issues until he died .

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