Philip Livingston, 'the signer'

Philip Livingston, 'the signer'

Male 1716 - 1778  (62 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Philip Livingston 
    Suffix 'the signer' 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 15 Jan 1716  Albany, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 12 Jun 1778  York Co., Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Prospect Hill Cemetery, York, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I323170  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Philip Livingston at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 22 Jan 2014 

    Father Phillip Livingston,   b. 9 Jul 1686, Albany, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Feb 1749, New York City, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Catherine van Brugh,   b. 10 Nov 1689, Albany, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Feb 1756  (Age 66 years) 
    Married 19 Sep 1707  Albany, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 8 siblings 
    Family ID F128923  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Christina ten Broeck,   b. 30 Dec 1718,   d. 29 Jun 1801  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 14 Apr 1740 
    Children 
    +1. Philip Philip Livingston,   b. 28 May 1741,   d. 2 Nov 1787  (Age 46 years)
    +2. Catherine Livingston,   b. 25 Aug 1745,   d. 17 Apr 1810  (Age 64 years)
    Last Modified 22 Jan 2002 
    Family ID F128795  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Philip Livingston 'the Signer'
    Philip Livingston 'the Signer'

  • Notes 
    • fourth son
      Merchant, alderman of the City of New York, a member of the Continental Congress, New York State senator and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
      He was also one of the founders of the New York Society Library in 1754, of the Chamber of Commerce in 1770 and one of the governors of the New York Hospital. He married Christina Ten Broeck, the daughter of Colonel Dirck Ten Broeck, and they had 9 children. Because of his political engagement and his numerous philanthropies, Philip "the Signer" Livingston is remembered as one of the most distinguished Livingstons in the family's over 300 years history in America.
      His line further produced a series of dynastic marriages,
      Finally, the two foremost families of New York were united in their main lines. (Earlier unions between the Livingston's and Van Rensselaer's were either childless or concerning secondary lines of the two families).

      Spent most of his childhood there or at the family manor at Linlithgo, about 30 miles to the south.
      Upon receiving a degree from Yale in 1737, he entered the import business in New York, New York. Three years later, he married Christina Ten Broeck and moved into a townhouse on Duke Street in Manhattan; he was to sire five sons and four daughters. As time went on, he built up a fortune, particularly as a trader-privateer during the French and Indian War (1754-1763). In 1764, though retaining hi Duke Street home, he acquired a 40-acre estate on Brooklyn Heights overlooking the East River and New York Harbor.
      While prospering as a merchant, Livingston devoted many of his energies to humanitarian and philanthropic endeavors. Among the organizations he fostered, financially aided, or helped administer were King's College (later Columbia University), the New York Society Library, St. Andrew's Society, the New York Chamber of Commerce, and New York Hospital.
      Livingston was also a proponent of political and religious freedom. As a New York City Alderman (1754-1763), he identified with the popular party that opposed the aristocratic ruling class of the colony. In a decade of service (1759-1769) in the colonial legislature, he stood behind the Whigs in their quarrel with the Royal Governor and attended the Stamp Act Congress in 1765. But, a believer in the sort of dignified protests mounted by lawyers and merchants, he resented the riotous behavior of such groups as the Sons of Liberty.
      In the 1769 election the Tories gained control of the legislature. In his bid for reelection, fearful of the rise of extremism among the populace, attempted to unite the moderate factions. Defeated in New York City, which from then on was Tory-dominated, he managed to obtain reelection from the Livingston Manor district. The new assembly, claiming he could not represent an area in which he did not reside, unseated him.
      In 1774 Livingston became a member of the committee of fifty-one, an extralegal group that selected New York City Delegates to the Continental Congress, one of whom was Livingston. He also served on the committee of sixty, formed to enforce congressional enactments. The next year, he won election to the committee of one hundred, which governed New York City temporarily until the first provincial congress of the colony met later that year.
      Between 1774 and 1778 Livingston divided his time between the Continental Congress and the New York provincial assembly legislature. In Congress he sat on committee dealing with marine commerce, finance, military, and Indian matters. He was absent on 1-2 July 1776, perhaps on purpose even though the New York Delegates abstained from voting on the independence issue, but on 2 August 1776 he signed the Declaration of Independence.
      After their defeat in the Battle of Long Island (27 August 1776), Washington and his officers met at Livingston's residence in Brooklyn Heights and decided to evacuate the island. Subsequent to the ill-fated peace negotiations at Staten Island in September between Admiral Lord Richard Howe and three representatives of the Continental Congress, the British occupied New York City. They utilized Livingston's Duke Street home as a barracks and his Brooklyn Heights residence as a Royal Navy hospital, as well as confiscated his business interests. He later sold some of his remaining property to sustain public credit. With the advance of the British, Livingston and his family fled to Esopus (later Kingston, New York), where the State capital was temporarily located before moving to nearby Poughkeepsie.
      Livingston was the third earliest signer to die (after John Morton and Button Gwinnett).
      At the time, though in poor health, he was still in Congress, then meeting at York, Pennsylvania.

      Ferris, Robert G. Signers of the Declaration. Washington: U.S. Government Printing, 1972. 96-98.

      Fortune : 200,000 $ 1775
      Activity : Merchant
      Other activities : Real Estate
      Associated properties : 120'000 acres speculative land holdings
    • The Society of the Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence


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