Emperor Napoléon I  Bonaparte

Emperor Napoléon I Bonaparte[1, 2]

Male 1769 - 1821  (51 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Napoléon I Bonaparte 
    Prefix Emperor 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 15 Aug 1769  Casa Bonapate, Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 21 Jul 1771  Cathédrale, Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Address Jan 1779  Autun Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address May 1779  Ecole Militaire Brienne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1784-1785  Ecole Militaire Paris, Île-de-France-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 8 Sep 1793 - 19 Dec 1793  Siege of Toulon Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Jul 1794  Nice Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 6 August 1794  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1795  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Oct 1795  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 11 Mar 1796  North Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 12 Apr 1796  Montenotte Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 13 Apr 1796  Millesimo Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 14 Apr 1796  Cosseria Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 14 Apr 1796  Dego Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 17 Apr 1796  Ceva Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 21 Apr 1796  Mondovi Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 10 May 1796  Lodi Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 15 May 1796  Milano, , Lombardia, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 24 May 1796  Pavia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 29 May 1796  Borghetto Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 3 Jun 1796  Verona Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 20 Jun 1796  Bologna, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 13 Jul 1796  Milano, , Lombardia, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 29 Jul 1796-3 Aug 1796  Lonato Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 5 Aug 1796  Castaglione Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 8 Sep 1796  Bassano Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 2 Feb 1797  Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 29 Apr 1797  Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 9 May 1798  Toulon, Var, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 9 Jun 1798  Valetta, Malta Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 1 Jul 1798  Alexandria, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 1 Aug 1798  Abu Qir Bay Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 22 October 1798  Cairo, , al Qahirah, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 3-7-Mar 1799  Jaffa Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 12 Feb 1799  Arish Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 20 Mar 1799  Acre, Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 16 April 1799  Mount Tabor Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address May 1799  Alexandria, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 25 Jul 1799  Abukir Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 1 Oct 1799  Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 9 Oct 1799  Fréjus-Saint-Raphaël Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 17 Oct 1799  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 9 Nov 1799  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 1800  Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 9 June 1800  Montebello Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 14 Jul 1800  Marengo, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 2 Dec 1804  Notre Dame de Paris Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 2 Dec 1805  Austerlitz Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle Oct 1806  Jena Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 6 Feb 1807  Eylau Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 5 Jul 1809  Wagram Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 7 Sep 1812  Borodino Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle Aug 1813  Dresden, Sachsen, DE Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 16 Oct 1813  Leipzig, Sachsen, D Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 10 Feb 1814  Paris, ??le-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address Apr 1814  Elba Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 28 Feb 1815  Golfe-Juan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address 20 Mar 1815  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle 18 Jun 1815  Waterloo, B Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 5 May 1821  Longwood House, St. Helena Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 15 Dec 1840  Les Invalides, Paris, Îles-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • In 1840, Louis Philippe I obtained permission from the British to return Napoleon's remains to France.
    • On 15 October 1840 in St. Helena, twenty-eight witnesses, whose Generals Bertrand and Gourgaud, Mamluk Ali (Louis-Etienne de Saint-Denis) and Louis-Joseph Marchand, former chief valet de chambre of the Emperor, attend the exhumation of Napoleon.
    • On 15 December 1840, a state funeral was held. The hearse proceeded from the Arc de Triomphe down the Champs-Élysées, across the Place de la Concorde to the Esplanade des Invalides and then to the cupola in St Jérôme's Chapel, where it remained until the tomb designed by Louis Visconti was completed. In 1861, Napoleon's remains were entombed in a porphyry sarcophagus in the crypt under the dome at Les Invalides
    Person ID I2538  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Napoleon at Wikipedia 
    Links To This person is also Napoleon at Napoleonic Society 
    Links To This person is also Napoleon at Napoleon Series 
    Links To This person is also Napoleon at Life of Napoleon Bonaparte With a Sketch of Josephine 
    Links To This person is also Nabuliu Buonaparte at Cronica di a Corsica 
    Last Modified 9 May 2016 

    Father Carlu Maria Buonaparte,   b. 27 Mar 1746, Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Feb 1785, Montpellier, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Maria Laetizia Ramolino,   b. 24 Aug 1750, Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1836, Rome Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Married 2 Jun 1764  Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 12 siblings 
    Family ID F1027  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Eugenie Bernhardine Désirée Clary,   b. 9 Nov 1777,   d. 17 Dec 1860, Stockholm Castle Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 1794 
    Type: Engagement 
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F146478  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Marie Rose Josephine Tascher de la Pagerie,   b. 23 Jun 1763, Trois Islets, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 May 1814, Chateau de Malmaison, nr Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 9 Mar 1796  Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • "I awake filled with you", he writes "Your picture and yesterday's intoxicating evening have given my sense no repose. Amazing indeed, sweet and incomparable Josephine, is the effect that you have wrought within my heart.
      Are you angry, do I see you sad, are you uneasy-my very head is bruise, and for this poor friend of yours there is no rest. But is there more when, abandoning myself to that emotion which subdues me utterly, I drink a flame of fire from your lips and from your heart! Well indeed did I prove this night how different from you is your mere picture. You start at midday; in three hours I shall see you. Meanwhile, mio dolce amor, a million kisses; but give me none, for they are a consuming fire in my veins"
    Divorced 16 Dec 1809 
    Last Modified 8 Jan 2001 
    Family ID F1037  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Pauline Bellisles,   b. 15 Mar 1778,   d. 1869  (Age 90 years) 
    Married Type: Affair 
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F121929  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Marguerite-Josephine Weimer,   b. 1787,   d. 1867  (Age 80 years) 
    Married Type: Affair 
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F146479  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Herzogin Marie-Louise Léopoldine Françoise Thérèse Joséphine Lucie von Österreich,   b. 7 Dec 1791, Wien, Österreich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Dec 1847, Wien, Österreich Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Married 2 Apr 1810  Paris, Le Louvres Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Napoleon II Franz Joseph Karl Bonaparte,   b. 20 Mar 1811, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jul 1832, Schönbrunn Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
    Last Modified 8 Jan 2001 
    Family ID F1036  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Eleonore Denuelle,   b. 3 Sep 1787, St Eustache, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1868, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 1805 
    Type: Affair 
    Children 
     1. Comte Charles Leon,   b. 15 Dec 1806, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Apr 1881, Pontoise Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F9079  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Marie Laczynska,   b. 7 Dec 1786,   d. 11 Dec 1817, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years) 
    Married Type: Affair 
    Children 
     1. Alexandre Walewski,   b. 4 May 1810, Walewski, Polen Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Sep 1868, Straßburg, Elsaß Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F9080  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 8 Francoise-Marie LeRoy,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Affair 
    Children 
     1. Emilie Louise Marie Francoise Josephine Pellapra,   b. 11 Nov 1808, Lyon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 May 1871, Menars Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F32041  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 9 Countess Albine Montholon,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Affair 
    • This illicit liaison between Nap. and Count Montholon on St. Helena is rather specualtive
    Children 
     1. Helene Napoléone de Montholon-Sémonville,   b. 18 Jun 1816, St. Hélène Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jan 1907, Aix-En-Provence Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)
     2. Joséphine de Montholon,   b. 1818
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F32046  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 10 Victoria Kraus,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Affair 
    • Napoleon had this affair in Vienna which produced a son, Karl Eugin von Mühlfeld.
      He had no living descendents. I am writing a book on Napoleon's affair with
      Victoria Kraus. Will keep you advised.
      Kenneth Berry
      "Kenneth Berry"

      Victoria Kraus and Karl Eugin von Mühlfeld are completely unknown to Jean Tulard and even to the more romantic writer Gonzague SAINT-BRIS (Les Aiglons dispersés, ou : Des Bonaparte aux Napoléonides. Paris : J.C. Lattès, 1993. 267+[8] p.), who is nevertheless more attracted by "sulfurous" and "spicy" stories.

      The late Arnaud CHAFFANJON (Napoléon et l'univers impérial. Paris : SERG, 1969. 406 p.), who was the genealogist attached to the royalist weekly "Point de vue-Images du monde", ignored these two characters but wrote on Éléonore Denuelle de la Plaigne and Maria Walewska in his book. So ! But perhaps is it because it concerns a German lady and, for French historians, it would be very hard to acknowledge such a thing ? Who knows !
      Milou.
      "RIKIR Milou (Emile)"
    Children 
     1. Karl Eugin von Mühlfeld,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F33328  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 11 NN,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Affair 
    Children 
    +1. Barthélemy St. Hilaire,   b. 1805,   d. 1895  (Age 90 years)
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F53294  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 12 Giuseppina Louisa Camilla Grassini,   b. 18 Apr 1773, Varese Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Jan 1850, Milano, , Lombardia, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Married Type: Affair 
    Last Modified 5 May 2016 
    Family ID F146480  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 13 Catherine Josephine Duchesnois,   b. 05 Jun 1777, Saint-Saulve Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Feb 1835, Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Married Type: Liaison 
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2011 
    Family ID F983364  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 14 NN Duchâtel 
    Married Type: Liaison 
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2011 
    Family ID F983365  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 15 Carlotta Gazzani 
    Married Type: Liaison 
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2011 
    Family ID F983366  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 15 Aug 1769 - Casa Bonapate, Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 21 Jul 1771 - Cathédrale, Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Jan 1779 - Autun Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - May 1779 - Ecole Militaire Brienne Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - 1784-1785 - Ecole Militaire Paris, Île-de-France-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle -
    Siege de Toulon - 8 Sep 1793 - 19 Dec 1793 - Siege of Toulon
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Napoleon Bonaparte is suspended from his duties, arrested and charged with complicity with the Robespierre brothers. 20 August 1794 - He gets his freedom back. 30 August 1794 - ... and his duties as well. - 6 August 1794 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Napoleon could borrow that year 30.000 livres from his friend des Mazis (military school Brienne) to support his mother who lived without means of keeping herself and her younger children. - 1795 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - On 15 September, Bonaparte was removed from the list of generals in regular service for his refusal to serve in the Vendée campaign. He faced a difficult financial situation and reduced career prospects. On 3 October, royalists in Paris declared a rebellion against the National Convention.Paul Barras, a leader of the Thermidorian Reaction, knew of Bonaparte's military exploits at Toulon and gave him command of the improvised forces in defence of the Convention in the Tuileries Palace. Bonaparte ordered a young cavalry officer named Joachim Murat to seize large cannons and used them to repel the attackers on 5 October 1795, 13 Vendémiaire An IV in the French Republican Calendar. 1,400 royalists died and the rest fled - Oct 1795 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Mar 1796 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - 1st Italian Campaign - 11 Mar 1796 - North Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - In Montenotte, Napoleon's united forces crushed the 10,000-man-strong force of Austrian General Argenteau. On the very evening of the victory, he ordered the Augereau and Sérurier divisions (a total of 22,000 men) to Turin, to attack the Piedmontese army of General Colli. Massena, with the Laharpe and Meynier divisions (a total of 18,000 men) held in reserve in readiness for a renewed attack by the Austrians. - 12 Apr 1796 - Montenotte Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Millesimo - 13 Apr 1796 - Millesimo Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Cosseria - 14 Apr 1796 - Cosseria Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Dego - 14 Apr 1796 - Dego Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Ceva - 17 Apr 1796 - Ceva Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Mondovi - 21 Apr 1796 - Mondovi Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Lodi - 10 May 1796 - Lodi Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Entry into Milan - 15 May 1796 - Milano, , Lombardia, Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Uprising at Pavia - 24 May 1796 - Pavia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - During the night of May 29 to 30, Napoleon sent his divisions against the village of Borghetto, found a bridge that the Austrians had not had time to destroy and crossed the river without the loss of a single man. Beaulieu confronted him, but his troops were rapidly overrun by the vigour and impetuosity of Augereau and Masséna. This time Beaulieu was utterly defeated; he fled to Austria, abandoning 5,000 prisoners, his cannons and all his stores. - 29 May 1796 - Borghetto Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Napoleon's entry into Verona - 3 Jun 1796 - Verona Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Napoleon entered Bologna - 20 Jun 1796 - Bologna, Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Return to Milan where Josephine waits for him. - 13 Jul 1796 - Milano, , Lombardia, Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Lonato - 29 Jul 1796-3 Aug 1796 - Lonato Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Castaglione - 5 Aug 1796 - Castaglione Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Victory at Bassano - 8 Sep 1796 - Bassano Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Trento surrended by the Austrians In less than six months, with an army of 40,000 men Napoleon had cut to shreds and annihilated the Piedmontese army and two powerful Austrian armies commanded by the famous leaders, General Beaulieu and Marshal Wurmster, a total enemy force of over 200,000 men - 2 Feb 1797 - Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Chandler says that Napoleon stayed at Trieste on April 29-30, 1797 - 29 Apr 1797 - Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Bonaparte arrived at Toulon, lodging with Benoît Georges de Najac - 9 May 1798 - Toulon, Var, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - occupation of Malta - 9 Jun 1798 - Valetta, Malta Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Landing at Alexandria. Start of the French campaign in Egypt and Syria - 1 Jul 1798 - Alexandria, Egypt Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Horatio Nelson destroid the French fleet at the naval Battle of the Nile - 1 Aug 1798 - Abu Qir Bay Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Revolt of Cairo - 22 October 1798 - Cairo, , al Qahirah, Egypt Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - 3-7-Mar 1799 - Jaffa Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - 12 Feb 1799 - Arish Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Siege of Acre - 20 Mar 1799 - Acre, Palestine Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Mount Tabor French forces under Jean Baptiste Kléber opposed an Ottoman force led by Abdullah Pasha al-Azm of Damascus on 16 April 1799. Napoleon Bonaparte was besieging Acre, and Damascus sent its army to relieve the siege - 16 April 1799 - Mount Tabor Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - May 1799 - Alexandria, Egypt Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Napoleon Bonaparte defeated Seid Mustafa Pasha's Ottoman army - 25 Jul 1799 - Abukir Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - 1 Oct 1799 - Aiacciu, Corse-du-Sud, Corse Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - 9 Oct 1799 - Fréjus-Saint-Raphaël Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - 17 Oct 1799 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - coup d'état of 18 brumaire - 9 Nov 1799 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - War of the Second Coalition - 1800 - Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Wikipedia - 14 Jul 1800 - Marengo, Italia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Coronation - 2 Dec 1804 - Notre Dame de Paris Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Austerlitz (War of the Third Coalition) - 2 Dec 1805 - Austerlitz Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (War of the 4th Coalition) - Oct 1806 - Jena Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Eylau - 6 Feb 1807 - Eylau Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Wagram (War of the Fifth Coalition) - 5 Jul 1809 - Wagram Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Borodino - 7 Sep 1812 - Borodino Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Dresden (War of the Sixth Coalition) - Aug 1813 - Dresden, Sachsen, DE Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Leipzig - 16 Oct 1813 - Leipzig, Sachsen, D Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - Apr 1814 - Elba Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAddress - 20 Mar 1815 - Paris, Île-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle - Battle of Waterloo - 18 Jun 1815 - Waterloo, B Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 5 May 1821 - Longwood House, St. Helena Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 15 Dec 1840 - Les Invalides, Paris, Îles-de-France, Fr Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos 6 photos

    Documents 4 documents

    Histories 17 histories

    Videos 2 videos

    Timelines 2 timelines

  • Notes 
    • After a period as a victorious General in the revolutionary army from 1796 to 1799, First Consul in 1799 then Emperor of the French People in 1804, Napoleon I established a hereditary imperial regime. His two-stage abdication (in 1814 and again in 1815 after the "Hundred Days") put an end to his attempt at instigating this system since his son, the King of Rome, did not succeed him.
      The Bonaparte family also gave Europe several kings or princes from among Napoleon's brothers and sisters.
      One of their children, Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte had himself elected President of the French Republic in 1848 after the revolution that ended the July monarchy. He then re-established the empire in 1852, as his uncle's heir.
      Napoleon III remained Emperor of the French People until 1870 when military defeat during the Franco-Prussian War led to his downfall and the proclamation of the Republic.
      This being so, the Bonaparte dynasty had only two members on the throne of France. At present, the claimant to the throne from the Bonaparte family is Charles Napoleon Bonaparte, who was born in 1950.
    • "Le 25 oct 1796
      Comme il va, ce jeune Bonaparte! C'est un heros, un geant, un sorcier. Il triomphe de la nature et des hommes; il a tourne les Alpes, comme si elles n'existaient pas; il a cache dans sa poche leurs terribles rochers, et il a mis son armee dans la manche droite de son uniforme. Il semblait que l'ennemi ne voyait ses soldats que lorsque il les lancait comme la foundre de Jupiter, qui semait partout la terreur et terrassait les bandes eparses des Autrichins et des Piemontais. O, comme il va! Des le premier pas dans la carriere du comandement, il a coupe le noeud gordien de latactique. Sans s'embarasser du nombre, il attaque partout l'ennemi et le bat en detail. Il connait la force irresistible du choc - et c'est tout. Ses adversaires persisteront dans leur tactique banale, soumise aux plumes des Cabinets; et lui - il porte son conseil de querre dans sa tete. Il est libre dans ses operations, comme l'air qu'il respire; il marche, il agit, il triomphe au gre de ses desirs. Et tendis que le monde europeen et la tactique se renouvellent, je lanquis dans un lache repos, je succombe sous le poids d'une vie inactive et oisive. Voici ma conclusion: tant que le General Bonaparte conservera sa presence d'esprit, il sera vaiqueur; les grandes combinaisons de l'art militaire lui sont echues en partage. Mais si pour son malheur il s'elance dans le tourbillon politique, s'il rompt l'unite de la pensee - il se perdra."
      A letter by Souvorov to his nephew - Prince Gorchakov.
    • "Bonaparte was a lion in the field only. In civil life, a cold blooded, calculating unprincipled usurper, without a virtue; no statesman, knowing nothing of commerce, political economy or civil government, and supplying ignorance by bold presumption."
      Thomas Jefferson July 1814.
    • Reforms during the reign of Napoleon
      • Code civil
      • Metric system
      • Education
      • Warfare
    • French inventions during the reign of Napoleon
      • Margarine - sponsored by Louis-Napoleon ???
      • "Canned" food - Nicholas Appert won a prize from the French government in 1809 of 12,000 francs for developing a method of preserving food using heat for use of the French Army and Navy. In a typically French fashion peas, beans and vegetable soup were first preserved in glass champagne bottles. Setting up the world's first bottling plant in 1807, Appert preserved such food as asparagus, meats, gooseberries and prunes. As Napoleon was reputed to have said, "An army travels on its stomach."
      • Beet sugar - Because of England's command of the sea lanes, France was cut off from the traditional West Indies sources for sugar cane. Napoleon offered a large prize for a commercially viable method to extract sugar from beets.
    • Consulted Biographies [3, 4, 5]

    • Finding Napoleon (Margaret Rodenberg's Writing Journal)
    • Excluded from the general pardon in oct 1796 [6]

  • Sources 
    1. [S466] Napoleon and his parents, Dorothy Carrington, (Published by the Penguin Group First printing 1990 ISBN 0-525-24833-I) (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S149] The Bonaparte Letters and Despatches, (London; Saunders and Oltley, Conduit Street, 1846), The Bonaparte Letters and Despatches (Reliability: 2).

    3. [S179] The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, William Milligan Sloane, (Thierry Alberto, Henry Craig, Christine P. Travers and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net) (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S181] The Life of Napoleon, John Holland Rose, Litt.D., (London G. Bell and Sons, Ltd. 1910) (Reliability: 3).

    5. [S182] Napoléon I und das Zeitalter der Befreiungskriege in Bilder, Friedrich M. Kircheisen, (München und Leizig 1914, Georg Müller) (Reliability: 3).

    6. [S149] The Bonaparte Letters and Despatches, (London; Saunders and Oltley, Conduit Street, 1846), Lettter from Napoleon to Genera Gentili, 17 Oct 1796 (Reliability: 2).


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