1799 - 1872 (72 years)
Has 62 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Joseph Pease |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||22 Jun 1799
||8 Feb 1872
||26 Mar 2009 |
||Edward Pease, b. 31 May 1767, Darlington , d. 31 Jul 1858, Darlington (Age 91 years) |
||Rachel Whitwell, b. Jul 1774, Kendal, Westmorland, England , d. 18 Oct 1833, Manchester (Age ~ 59 years) |
||3 Nov 1796
||Kendal, Westmorland, England
||7 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Emma Gurney, b. 27 Sep 1800, Norwich , d. 11 Apr 1860, Darlington (Age 59 years) |
||20 Mar 1826
| ||1. Jane Gurney Pease, b. 10 Jan 1827, Darlington , d. 5 Apr 1894, Darlington (Age 67 years)|
|+||2. Joseph Whitwell Pease, b. 23 Jun 1828, Darlington , d. 23 Jun 1903, Falmouth, Cornwall, England (Age 75 years)|
| ||3. Emma Gurney Pease, b. 17 Dec 1829, Darlington , d. 3 Jul 1895, Darlington (Age 65 years)|
|+||4. Rachel Pease, b. 15 Jun 1831, Darlington , d. 1912, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England, Great Britain (Age 80 years)|
|+||5. Elizabeth Lucy Pease, b. 21 Jan 1833, Darlington , d. 4 Oct 1881, Darlington (Age 48 years)|
|+||6. Edward Pease, b. 24 Jun 1834, Darlington , d. 13 Jun 1880, Lucerne, Switzerland (Age 45 years)|
|+||7. Arthur Pease, b. 12 Sep 1837, Darlington , d. 27 Aug 1898, Callington, Cornwall (Age 60 years)|
|+||8. Gurney Pease, b. 28 Feb 1839, Darlington , d. 10 Jun 1872, Malvern (Age 33 years)|
| ||9. Alfred Pease, b. 16 Jun 1841, Darlington , d. 20 Dec 1852, Darlington (Age 11 years)|
| ||10. Francis Richard Pease, b. 1843, Darlington , d. Yes, date unknown|
|+||11. Charles Pease, b. 7 Apr 1843, Darlington , d. 9 Jul 1873, London, Middlesex, England (Age 30 years)|
||15 May 2003 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Joseph was the first Quaker Member of Parliament. He lived at Southend, Darlington and at Cliffe House, Marske by the Sea, Yorkshire. He was M.P. for South Durham during 4 Parliaments, 1832/5, 1835/7. 1837/41. With his father Edward, he was one of the originators of the Stockton and Darlington Railway and founder of the Middlesbrough Estate Company in 1829.
After being educated at Tatham Academy in Leeds and Josiah Forster's Society of Friends school in Southgate, London, Edward joined his father in helping form the Stockton & Darlington Railway company.
Pease married Emma Gurney, the daughter of Joseph Gurney a successful Quaker businessman from Norwich. Gurney, the brother of Elizabeth Fry, was also a major shareholder in the Stockton & Darlington Railway company. Joseph and Emma's daughter, Elizabeth Pease, became one of the most female reformers in the 19th century.
By 1829 Joseph Pease had taken over the running of the family business and by 1830 had bought up enough local collieries to become the largest colliery owner in the whole of the South Durham coalfield. Pease also joined Joseph Gurney, Thomas Richardson and a group of Quaker businessmen in raising £35,000 to buy 520 acres of land at Middlesbrough. The area was developed as a seaport for the export of Durham coal. This became a profitable venture for Pease when in December 1830, the Stockton & Darlington Railway opened a branch to Middlesbrough.
In 1832 Pease became Britain's first Quaker MP when he was elected to represent South Durham. Pease refused to take the Church of England oath and was allowed to affirm. For religious reasons he also refused to take his hat off when he entered the the House of Commons.
In Parliament Joseph Pease supported the Whig governments of Earl Grey and Lord Melbourne and joined Thomas Fowell Buxton, Gurney's brother-in-law, in the campaign to end slavery. Pease also supported the removal of the Bishops from the House of Lords, shorter Parliaments and the secret ballot. Pease retired from the House ofCommons in 1841.
Pease continued to develop his extensive business interests. He also became a minister of the Society of Friends and in 1860 was appointed President of the Peace Society. Joseph Pease held this post until his death.