Joseph Pease

Joseph Pease[1]

Male 1799 - 1872  (72 years)    Has 62 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Joseph Pease 
    Born 22 Jun 1799  Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Feb 1872  Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I24237  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 26 Mar 2009 

    Father Edward Pease,   b. 31 May 1767, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jul 1858, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years) 
    Mother Rachel Whitwell,   b. Jul 1774, Kendal, Westmorland, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Oct 1833, Manchester Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Married 3 Nov 1796  Kendal, Westmorland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 7 siblings 
    Family ID F10356  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Emma Gurney,   b. 27 Sep 1800, Norwich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Apr 1860, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 20 Mar 1826  Norwich Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Jane Gurney Pease,   b. 10 Jan 1827, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Apr 1894, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
    +2. Joseph Whitwell Pease,   b. 23 Jun 1828, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jun 1903, Falmouth, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     3. Emma Gurney Pease,   b. 17 Dec 1829, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Jul 1895, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    +4. Rachel Pease,   b. 15 Jun 1831, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1912, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
    +5. Elizabeth Lucy Pease,   b. 21 Jan 1833, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Oct 1881, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
    +6. Edward Pease,   b. 24 Jun 1834, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jun 1880, Lucerne, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)
    +7. Arthur Pease,   b. 12 Sep 1837, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Aug 1898, Callington, Cornwall Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
    +8. Gurney Pease,   b. 28 Feb 1839, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jun 1872, Malvern Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
     9. Alfred Pease,   b. 16 Jun 1841, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1852, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 11 years)
     10. Francis Richard Pease,   b. 1843, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +11. Charles Pease,   b. 7 Apr 1843, Darlington Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Jul 1873, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
    Last Modified 15 May 2003 
    Family ID F10362  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    24237.jpg
    24237.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Joseph was the first Quaker Member of Parliament. He lived at Southend, Darlington and at Cliffe House, Marske by the Sea, Yorkshire. He was M.P. for South Durham during 4 Parliaments, 1832/5, 1835/7. 1837/41. With his father Edward, he was one of the originators of the Stockton and Darlington Railway and founder of the Middlesbrough Estate Company in 1829.

      After being educated at Tatham Academy in Leeds and Josiah Forster's Society of Friends school in Southgate, London, Edward joined his father in helping form the Stockton & Darlington Railway company.
      Pease married Emma Gurney, the daughter of Joseph Gurney a successful Quaker businessman from Norwich. Gurney, the brother of Elizabeth Fry, was also a major shareholder in the Stockton & Darlington Railway company. Joseph and Emma's daughter, Elizabeth Pease, became one of the most female reformers in the 19th century.
      By 1829 Joseph Pease had taken over the running of the family business and by 1830 had bought up enough local collieries to become the largest colliery owner in the whole of the South Durham coalfield. Pease also joined Joseph Gurney, Thomas Richardson and a group of Quaker businessmen in raising £35,000 to buy 520 acres of land at Middlesbrough. The area was developed as a seaport for the export of Durham coal. This became a profitable venture for Pease when in December 1830, the Stockton & Darlington Railway opened a branch to Middlesbrough.
      In 1832 Pease became Britain's first Quaker MP when he was elected to represent South Durham. Pease refused to take the Church of England oath and was allowed to affirm. For religious reasons he also refused to take his hat off when he entered the the House of Commons.
      In Parliament Joseph Pease supported the Whig governments of Earl Grey and Lord Melbourne and joined Thomas Fowell Buxton, Gurney's brother-in-law, in the campaign to end slavery. Pease also supported the removal of the Bishops from the House of Lords, shorter Parliaments and the secret ballot. Pease retired from the House ofCommons in 1841.
      Pease continued to develop his extensive business interests. He also became a minister of the Society of Friends and in 1860 was appointed President of the Peace Society. Joseph Pease held this post until his death.

  • Sources 
    1. [S467] Descendancy files of the Pease- and associated families, Charles Edward Gurney Pease, (Pennyghael), The Descendants of John Pease (Reliability: 2).


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