1261 - 1325 (63 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Dionysius de Castilla |
||9 Oct 1261
||7 Jan 1325
||19 Mar 2010 |
- King of Portugal 1279-1325
Diniz received a very good education from French and Portuguese scholars. In 1277 his rebellion against his father caused a civil war, and his father's sorrow over this hastened his death in 1279. Diniz became King of Portugal but his legitimacy was immediately disputed by his younger brother Alfonso, who had been born after the regularisation of their parents' marriage. They came to a compromise that left Diniz as the undisputed king.
Diniz founded the University of Lisbon, which was later moved to Coimbra. He was king for some forty-six years, a reign that brought comparative peace to Portugal. For his efforts he became known by the nicknames of 'the Labourer' or 'the Farmer'. He strengthened the major cities and built more towns; he also wrote poetry. He married a princess of Aragón who was later canonised as St. Isabel of Portugal, and by her he became the father of a son and a daughter.
He had many affaires and fathered many children whom he favoured greatly. His sister, Abbess of Las Huelgas, became notorious for her love affaire with a carpenter, producing a son who later became Master of the Order of Calatrava, but who was beheaded by King Pedro 'the Cruel' of Castile. Diniz favoured his illegitimate sons, which caused a bitter dispute with his legal son and heir Alfonso who took up arms against him and marched on Lisbon. However, the queen moved between the two armies and forced her husband to make peace with their son, which lasted until the death of Diniz in January 1325.