Konge Waldemar af Danmark, II, 'der Sieger'

Konge Waldemar af Danmark, II, 'der Sieger'

Male 1170 - 1241  (70 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Waldemar af Danmark 
    Prefix Konge 
    Suffix II, 'der Sieger' 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 28 Jun 1170 
    Gender Male 
    Died 28 Mar 1241 
    Person ID I18349  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 

    Father Konge Waldamar I af Danmark, 'the Great',   b. 14 Jan 1131,   d. 12 May 1182, Vordingborg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother Sofja Wolodarowna,   b. 1140,   d. 5 May 1198  (Age 58 years) 
    Siblings 10 siblings 
    Family ID F5938  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margarete von B√∂hmen,   d. 24 May 1213 
    Married 1205 
    Children 
     1. King Waldemar III. af Danmark,   b. 1209,   d. 29 Nov 1231, Revsnaes b. Kalundborg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 22 years)
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2008 
    Family ID F212936  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Berengaria de Portugal,   d. 1221 
    Married 1214 
    Children 
     1. Erik af Danmark, IV, 'Plogpenning',   b. 1216,   d. 12 Aug 1250, a.d. Schlei Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
     2. Sophie af Danmark,   b. 1217,   d. 2 Nov 1247, Flensburg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
     3. Konge Abel af Danmark,   b. 1218,   d. 29 Jun 1252, Friesland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
     4. Christoph I af Danmark,   b. 1219,   d. 29 May 1259, Ribe Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F263674  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Helena Guttomsdatter,   b. Abt 1170,   d. Aft 1211  (Age ~ 42 years) 
    Children 
     1. Herzog Knut af Lolland,   d. 15 Oct 1260
     2. Hertug Niels I Valdemarsen af Halland,   d. 1218-1219
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2010 
    Family ID F16173  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Richza von Bayern,   b. 1172,   d. 1204  (Age 32 years) 
    Last Modified 27 May 2008 
    Family ID F6152  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    18349.jpg
    18349.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Waldemar II. (* 28. Juni 1170; ‚Ć 28. M√§rz 1241) der Sieger, war von 1182 bis 1202 Herzog von Schleswig und von 1203 bis 1227 K√∂nig von D√§nemark. Er war der j√ľngere Sohn des K√∂nigs Waldemar I. des Gro√üen von D√§nemark und Sophie von Nowgorod (* ca. 1141; ‚Ć 1198), Tochter des F√ľrsten Wladimir III. von Minsk und Hrodna. 1182 wurde Waldemar Herzog von Schleswig und hatte unter der Regierung seines Bruders Knut VI. von D√§nemark gro√üen Anteil an der Eroberung von Holstein, das er 1201 mit seinem Bruder in der Schlacht bei Stellau eroberte. Waldemar II. erhielt aufgrund des Sieges in dieser Schlacht bei Stellau den Beinamen der Sieger. 1202 wurde er K√∂nig von D√§nemark und eroberte Mecklenburg, Pommern, Pommerellen; L√ľbeck und Hamburg erkannten seine Schutzhoheit an. 1219 begann er mit der Eroberung von Estland und griff jahrelang in norwegische und schwedische Thronkriege ein. Am 6. Mai 1223 wurde er auf der Insel Ly√ł √ľberfallen, gefangengenommen und auf Burg Dannenberg an der Elbe gebracht. Damit brach die d√§nische Gro√ümachtstellung zusammen. Im November 1225 wurde er gegen eine betr√§chtliche Summe und die Zur√ľckgabe von L√§ndereien entlassen. In der Schlacht bei Bornh√∂ved am 22. Juli 1227 wurde er von Adolf IV. von Schauenburg und Holstein geschlagen und musste Holstein aufgeben. Au√üer R√ľgen und Estland verlor er zudem alle Eroberungen an der s√ľdlichen Ostseek√ľste. In seiner Regierungszeit entstanden die ersten d√§nischen Gesetzb√ľcher, das Schonische Recht (Sk√•nske Lov), das Seel√§ndische Recht (Sj√¶llandske Lov) und 1241 schlie√ülich das J√ľtische Recht (Jydske Lov), welches im Herzogtum Schleswig formell bis 1900 G√ľltigkeit besa√ü. Er ist in der Marienkirche in Ringsted, jetzt St. Bendt, begraben. Er war ab 1205 in erster Ehe mit Margarete Dagmar (‚Ć 24. Mai 1212), einer Tochter Ottokars I. von B√∂hmen und Adelheids von Mei√üen verheiratet. In zweiter Ehe war er seit 1214 mit Berengaria von Portugal (* um 1195; ‚Ć 27. M√§rz 1221) verheiratet, einer Tochter Sanchos I. von Portugal und Dulces. (Quelle: Wikipedia.de)

      In 1188 Valdemar became duke of Schleswig and in 1202 succeeded his brother Knud as King of Denmark. In 1203 he seized Holstein, Mecklenburg and Pomerania and encouraged German migration into these areas.
      Initially he supported the Welf candidate Otto IV for the office of Holy Roman Emperor, and Otto in turn recognised Valdemar's sovereignty in Holstein. Valdemar later broke with Otto and in 1214 defeated a Welf coalition and supported Otto's rival, the future Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa. In 1215 Emperor Friedrich also gave Nordalbingia to Denmark to gain Valdemar's support.
      Active from 1206 in crusades to bring Christianity to the eastern Baltic region, Valdemar launched a campaign in Estonia in 1219, aided by the Knights of the Sword, Bishop Albert of Riga, and a Wendish navy. After his victory at Reval, Vladimir ruled over all of Estonia, and the country was divided into two bishoprics, Reval and Dorpat.
      In 1218, shortly after crowning his son Valdemar as joint king to perpetuate his dynasty's control over the vast Danish empire, Valdemar was surprised, captured and imprisoned with his son by Count Heinrich von Schwerin and held until 1225, his Danish and German vassals failing to come to his aid. After prolonged negotiations, he agreed to retain only R√ľgen and Estonia beyond the Baltic as a condition of release; in addition he surrendered his sons and many hostages and paid a heavy ransom.
      In 1227 he launched a counteroffensive, but he was decisively defeated at Bornhöved, and his North German empire was finished. Danish sovereignty was also challenged in Estonia, but by agreement with the Knights of the Sword in 1238, Valdemar retained his possessions there.
      Despite his foreign reverses, Valdemar's rule in Denmark was strong. He carried through domestic reforms, completing the reorganisation of the Danish army begun by Valdemar I and granting landed peasants exemption from taxes in return for knight service. He effectively controlled the church and the nobility, reformed the legal code, and changed the legislative system to enlarge monarchical power, as described in his revised Law of Jutland in 1241. His division of Denmark into large feudal estates, each controlled by one of his sons, contributed to the destructive competition for power after his death


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