1726 - 1799 (73 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Richard Howe |
||Admiral Earl |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||8 Mar 1726
||London, Middlesex, England
||1 Jun 1794
||Atlantic Ocean south of Ireland
||5 Aug 1799
||5 Jun 2007 |
||Mary Hartopp, b. 1732, d. Yes, date unknown |
||10 Mar 1758
| ||1. Baroness Sophia Charlotte Howe, b. 19 Feb 1762, Whitehall, London, Middlesex, England , d. 3 Dec 1835, Twickenham, England (Age 73 years)|
| ||2. Louisa Catherine Howe, b. 9 Dec 1767, d. Yes, date unknown|
||5 Jun 2007 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- He entered the Navy in 1740 and saw much active service, especially in North America and was rapidly promoted. When his elder brother died on 6th July 1758 he became Viscount Howe, an Irish peerage. In 1762 he was elected member of Parliament for Dartmouth. He was a member of the Admiralty board during 1763 to 1765 and treasurer of the Navy between 1765 and 1770.
In 1770 he was promoted to rear-admiral and in 1775 made vice-admiral. He was appointed to command the North American station, where he tried conciliation in sympathy for the colonists. When France declared war and sent a powerful squadron under the Count d'Estaing, Howe was put on the defensive but baffled the French admiral at Sandy Hook and defeated the French attempt to take Newport in Rhode Island through a combination of caution and calculated daring. The Arrival of Admiral John Byron from England with reinforcements saw Howe leave the station in September, and return to England.
On the change of ministry in March 1782, he was selected to command in the English Channel, and carried out the difficult final relief of Gibraltar in the autumn of that year. His ships numbered 33 and were ill-equiipped and ill-manned against the 46 ships of the line in the French and Spanish fleet. Howe handled his ships well, faced with an awkward an unenterprising enemy, and was brilliantly successful. From 28th January to 16th April 1783 he was First Lord of the Admiralty, returning from December 1783 to August 1788
The outbreak of the French revolutionary War in 1793 saw Howe back in command of the Channel Fleet. In 1794 he won the battle of the First of June; See The Glorious First of June. A victory not excelled by his better equipped successors such as Nelson. In 1797 he was called upon to pacify mutineers at Spithead and showed great influence with the seamen. Howe was created Viscount Howe of Langar in 1782 and Baron and Earl Howe in 1788.