1751 - 1820 (~ 69 years)
Has 7 ancestors and 16 descendants in this family tree.
||Richard Grindall |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||Hoborn, London, Middlesex, England
||28 Apr 1751
||St Sepulchre, London, England
||21 Oct 1805
||23 May 1820
||Wickham, Hampshire, England
||This person is also Richard Grindall at Wikipedia |
||This person is also Richard Grindall at Captain Cook Society |
||29 Sep 2016 |
||Katharine Green Mary Ann Nathaniel Festing, c. 1758-1759, d. 6 Feb 1831 (Age ~ 72 years) |
- Richard Grindall married Katharine Greene Marianne Nathanael Festing. Whether it happened before he sailed with Cook or not remains a mystery. She was baptised in 1759, and so was only thirteen at the time of the voyage, unless she was baptised some considerable time after she was born. There is a marriage record for a Richard Grindall and a Latitia London for 27 March 1772 at Old Church, St. Pancras, in London, which ties in approximately with the story recounted by Elliott. The name Latitia London sounds fabricated suggesting someone marrying without permission and pretending to be someone else. Interestingly, the Grindalls called one of their daughters Catherine Latitiah Grindall. No marriage record for Richard Grindall and Katherine Festing has been traced.
| ||1. Amelia Grindall|
| ||2. Richard Henry Festing Grindall, b. 7 Jul 1784|
|+||3. Rivers Francis Grindall, b. 1786, d. 13 Nov 1832, Barrackpore, India (Age 46 years)|
| ||4. Festing Horatio Grindall, b. 1786-1787, d. 23 May 1812 (Age 25 years)|
| ||5. Catherine Latitiah Grindall, b. 14 Aug 1788, Melcombe-Regis, Dorset, England |
| ||6. Edmund Grindall, b. 1791, d. 21 Sep 1811 (Age 20 years)|
||Richard Grindall and family|
A conversation piece of a prominent naval officer and his family in a domestic interior. Captain…
||16 Dec 2011 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Through his gmother, Elizabeth Dickinson, he isclosely related to John an Rivers Dickinson, brewers of St John Street.
John Dickinson is mentioned in his LW
- 1772 to 1779 sailed on Cook?s Second Voyage
- officer in the British Royal Navy whose distinguished career during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars was highlighted by his presence at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805, when despite being cursed with the slow and ungainly 98 gun HMS Prince was instrumental in the final stages of the battle and especially in the chaotic storm which followed, when many of the British fleet would have been lost but for the efforts of Grindall and other captains of largely undamaged ships.
Grindall joined the Resolution on 7 January 1772 as an Able Seaman on James Cook Second voyage (1772?75). He messed with the midshipmen during the voyage.
Grindall had a late initiation to the Royal Navy, only making lieutenant in 1776, a full eight years past the date most of his contemporaries had reached that rank. Almost his entire service was spent in ships of the line especially flagships, including HMS Barfleur, Samuel Hood's flagship in the West Indies during 1781. In this ship he saw his first action off Martinique and was promoted two year later to Post Captain.
The outbreak of the Revolutionary War saw him in command of the frigate HMS Thalia, but after an uneventful time in command he was transferred to HMS Irresistible in 1795 and was engaged with the French Brest fleet in the battle of Groix. The next eight years was slow and uneventful for Grindall, consisting of constant blockade and convoy work and little chance for action or excitement. Following the Peace of Amiens, this seemed likely to continue, as he was given the huge Prince, which had a reputation for "sailing like a haystack". This unfortunately proved to be the case, and the boring blockade duty continued, joining Nelson off Cadiz in 1805. It was on the 21 October that the combined Franco-Spanish fleet attempted to escape and Grindall lined up in Collingwood's division to attack them.
Unfortunately for Grindall's hopes of action, the ship was such an awful sailer that she was passed by her whole division, and took over two hours to cover the two or three miles to reach the battle. By the time she arrived most of the enemy fleet was in British hands or had fled, leaving few targets for the Prince's massive broadsides. She did fire on the Spanish flagship Principe de Asturias and the already blazing Achille but was not attacked and suffered no damage or casualties. Making the most of his unique position, Grindall immediately launched boats and rescued hundreds of struggling survivors in the water, including many from the sinking Achille.
(It is said that picking up a lot of the sailors from the Achille, Grindall on HMS Prince also rescued a naked French woman from the water).
In the week of ferocious storms which followed the battle the sturdy Prince was invaluable, providing replacement stores to more battered ships and towing those that needed it. She also played the humanitarian very successfully, at one point saving 350 men from the sinking Santissima Trinidad who would otherwise have drowned. When his laden ship arrived at Gibraltar, it was ready to sail again in a matter of hours.
Thanks to his good long service record, Grindall was made a Rear Admiral and Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the general promotion which followed the action on the 9 November. This however spelt doom for his career, as so many admirals were created that not enough posts could be found for them, and Grindall was one of the promoted men who never commanded at sea again, taking a shore appointment in late 1805 and retiring with his family soon afterwards as a Vice-Admiral. His retiremnet was a difficult one however, as two of his sons who had joined the navy in their father's footsteps, Edmund and Festing Horatio, died in 1811 and 1812 from unconnected illness. When Richard Grindall died in Wickham in 1820 he was interred next to them, joined by his wife Katherine in 1831.
- In 1805 at the battle of Trafalgar, one of his midshipman on the Prince was his nephewh Benjamin Festing at the age of thirteen
Cause number: 1861 G46.
Short title: Grindall v Grindall.
Documents: Bill only.
Plaintiffs: Emily Jane Grindall, Susan Katherine Grindall, Mary Frances Grindall, Katherine Festing Grindall, Eliza Georgina Grindall infants by Jane Grindall and their next friend.
Defendants: Richard Francis Grindale, Clement Henry Orme.
Amendments: Amended by order to revive 1864. John Venn, Robert Warren Venn, Clement Venn added as defendants.
Provincial solicitor employed in Devon.
- Grindall, having presumably been in the merchant service, entered the Navy as an able seaman, aged 21, on 7 January 1772. He joined the ?Resolution? on James Cook?s second voyage, 1772?75, berthing with the midshipmen. He was finally promoted lieutenant on 29 November 1776 and saw action in the ?Barfleur? off Martinique. He was promoted captain on 13 March 1783, commanding the sloop ?St Vincent?. During the French Revolutionary War, he commanded the frigate ?Thalia? and the 74-gun ?Irresistible?, being involved in the Battle of Groix in June 1795. The rest of the war was spent on blockade and convoy duty in a series of commands in ships of the line. The return of war in 1803 saw Grindall in command of the huge 98-gun ?Prince?, a slow and ungainly ship with a justified reputation for ?sailing like a haystack?. He was in Collingwood?s division at Trafalgar but the ?Prince? was overtaken by the rest of the line as it joined battle with the French and Spanish fleet. By the time Grindall reached the action, the fighting was all but over, leaving little for the ?Prince? to contribute to the British victory. The ship proved invaluable after the battle, rescuing sailors, towing damaged vessels and providing stores. Grindall was promoted rear-admiral of the blue in the post-Trafalgar promotions of 9 November 1805, taking a shore position and retiring in 1810 after advancing to vice-admiral of the blue on 31 July that year. In 1815 he was knighted (KCB) in the post-war re-institution of the Order of the Bath. Two of Grindall?s sons died of illness while in naval service. Edmund, the youngest son (here shown holding his mother?s hand), died as a midshipman, aged 20, on 21 September 1811; Festing Horatio, the third son probably standing to his father's left, died as a lieutenant on 23 May 1812, aged 25. Grindall himself died at Wickham in Hampshire on 23 May 1820 and his wife Katherine on 6 February 1831, aged 72. There is a memorial to them in St Nicholas?s Church, Wickham.