Adm. Richard Grindall

Adm. Richard Grindall

Male 1751 - 1820  (~ 69 years)    Has 7 ancestors and 16 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Richard Grindall 
    Prefix Adm. 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born Holborn, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 28 Apr 1751  St Sepulchre, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Battle 21 Oct 1805  Cape Trafalgar Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 23 May 1820  Wickham, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1384023  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Richard Grindall at Wikipedia 
    Links To This person is also Richard Grindall at Captain Cook Society 
    Last Modified 29 Sep 2016 

    Father Rivers Grindall,   c. 10 Dec 1713, Ware, Hertford, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Martha 
    Married 1745 
    Siblings 10 siblings 
    Family ID F1292668  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Latitia London,   b. 26 Nov 1751, Kingston-upon-Thames, ​Surrey,​ England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 27 Mar 1772  Old Church, St Pancras, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Apparently just before he left on HMS Resolution on the second expedition of Captain Cook to the South Seas in 1772, he got married in London - literally within hours of leaving!
    Notes 
    Last Modified 16 Dec 2011 
    Family ID F1293492  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Katharine Green Mary Ann Nathaniel Festing,   c. 1758-1759,   d. 6 Feb 1831  (Age ~ 72 years) 
    Married
    • Richard Grindall married Katharine Greene Marianne Nathanael Festing. Whether it happened before he sailed with Cook or not remains a mystery. She was baptised in 1759, and so was only thirteen at the time of the voyage, unless she was baptised some considerable time after she was born. There is a marriage record for a Richard Grindall and a Latitia London for 27 March 1772 at Old Church, St. Pancras, in London, which ties in approximately with the story recounted by Elliott. The name Latitia London sounds fabricated suggesting someone marrying without permission and pretending to be someone else. Interestingly, the Grindalls called one of their daughters Catherine Latitiah Grindall. No marriage record for Richard Grindall and Katherine Festing has been traced.
    Children 
     1. Amelia Grindall
     2. Richard Henry Festing Grindall,   b. 7 Jul 1784
    +3. Rivers Francis Grindall,   b. 1786,   d. 13 Nov 1832, Barrackpore, India Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     4. Festing Horatio Grindall,   b. 1786-1787,   d. 23 May 1812  (Age 25 years)
     5. Catherine Latitiah Grindall,   b. 14 Aug 1788, Melcombe-Regis, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Edmund Grindall,   b. 1791,   d. 21 Sep 1811  (Age 20 years)
    Photos
    Richard Grindall and family
    Richard Grindall and family
    A conversation piece of a prominent naval officer and his family in a domestic interior. Captain Richard Grindall stands in a naval uniform accompanied by his wife and four male children. A painting of a naval action hangs on the wall in the centre of the room and a portfolio of maritime prints is open on a desk to the right. The painting is signed, indistinctly, on the portfolio: 'R Livesay'.

    The artist, Richard Livesay, exhibited 69 paintings at the Royal Academy between 1776 and 1821; this group portrait was exhibited in 1800 (no. 46). Between 1777 and 1785 he lodged with William Hogarth’s widow while working in London and producing facsimiles of the late artist’s work. Later, he was a pupil of Benjamin West, copying pictures at Windsor Castle and acting as a drawing instructor for some of the royal children. From 1796 until 1811 he was drawing master at the Royal Naval Academy (later College) in Portsmouth.

    Artist/Maker Livesay, Richard
    Materials canvas; oil paint
    Measurements Painting: 1017 mm x 1287 mm x 25 mm; Frame: 1230 mm x 1492 mm x 120 mm
    Last Modified 16 Dec 2011 
    Family ID F1292283  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - - Holborn, London, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 28 Apr 1751 - St Sepulchre, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 27 Mar 1772 - Old Church, St Pancras, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBattle -
    Battle of Trafalgar - 21 Oct 1805 - Cape Trafalgar
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 23 May 1820 - Wickham, Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Admiral Richard Grindall
    Admiral Richard Grindall

    Documents 3 documents

    Histories 3 histories

  • Notes 
    • Through his gmother, Elizabeth Dickinson, he isclosely related to John an Rivers Dickinson, brewers of St John Street.
      John Dickinson is mentioned in his LW
    • 1772 to 1779 sailed on Cook?s Second Voyage
    • officer in the British Royal Navy whose distinguished career during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars was highlighted by his presence at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805, when despite being cursed with the slow and ungainly 98 gun HMS Prince was instrumental in the final stages of the battle and especially in the chaotic storm which followed, when many of the British fleet would have been lost but for the efforts of Grindall and other captains of largely undamaged ships.

      Grindall joined the Resolution on 7 January 1772 as an Able Seaman on James Cook Second voyage (1772?75). He messed with the midshipmen during the voyage.

      Grindall had a late initiation to the Royal Navy, only making lieutenant in 1776, a full eight years past the date most of his contemporaries had reached that rank. Almost his entire service was spent in ships of the line especially flagships, including HMS Barfleur, Samuel Hood's flagship in the West Indies during 1781. In this ship he saw his first action off Martinique and was promoted two year later to Post Captain.

      The outbreak of the Revolutionary War saw him in command of the frigate HMS Thalia, but after an uneventful time in command he was transferred to HMS Irresistible in 1795 and was engaged with the French Brest fleet in the battle of Groix. The next eight years was slow and uneventful for Grindall, consisting of constant blockade and convoy work and little chance for action or excitement. Following the Peace of Amiens, this seemed likely to continue, as he was given the huge Prince, which had a reputation for "sailing like a haystack". This unfortunately proved to be the case, and the boring blockade duty continued, joining Nelson off Cadiz in 1805. It was on the 21 October that the combined Franco-Spanish fleet attempted to escape and Grindall lined up in Collingwood's division to attack them.

      Unfortunately for Grindall's hopes of action, the ship was such an awful sailer that she was passed by her whole division, and took over two hours to cover the two or three miles to reach the battle. By the time she arrived most of the enemy fleet was in British hands or had fled, leaving few targets for the Prince's massive broadsides. She did fire on the Spanish flagship Principe de Asturias and the already blazing Achille but was not attacked and suffered no damage or casualties. Making the most of his unique position, Grindall immediately launched boats and rescued hundreds of struggling survivors in the water, including many from the sinking Achille.
      (It is said that picking up a lot of the sailors from the Achille, Grindall on HMS Prince also rescued a naked French woman from the water).

      In the week of ferocious storms which followed the battle the sturdy Prince was invaluable, providing replacement stores to more battered ships and towing those that needed it. She also played the humanitarian very successfully, at one point saving 350 men from the sinking Santissima Trinidad who would otherwise have drowned. When his laden ship arrived at Gibraltar, it was ready to sail again in a matter of hours.

      Thanks to his good long service record, Grindall was made a Rear Admiral and Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the general promotion which followed the action on the 9 November. This however spelt doom for his career, as so many admirals were created that not enough posts could be found for them, and Grindall was one of the promoted men who never commanded at sea again, taking a shore appointment in late 1805 and retiring with his family soon afterwards as a Vice-Admiral. His retiremnet was a difficult one however, as two of his sons who had joined the navy in their father's footsteps, Edmund and Festing Horatio, died in 1811 and 1812 from unconnected illness. When Richard Grindall died in Wickham in 1820 he was interred next to them, joined by his wife Katherine in 1831.
    • In 1805 at the battle of Trafalgar, one of his midshipman on the Prince was his nephewh Benjamin Festing at the age of thirteen
    • Kew

      Cause number: 1861 G46.
      Short title: Grindall v Grindall.
      Documents: Bill only.
      Plaintiffs: Emily Jane Grindall, Susan Katherine Grindall, Mary Frances Grindall, Katherine Festing Grindall, Eliza Georgina Grindall infants by Jane Grindall and their next friend.
      Defendants: Richard Francis Grindale, Clement Henry Orme.
      Amendments: Amended by order to revive 1864. John Venn, Robert Warren Venn, Clement Venn added as defendants.
      Provincial solicitor employed in Devon.
    • Grindall, having presumably been in the merchant service, entered the Navy as an able seaman, aged 21, on 7 January 1772. He joined the ?Resolution? on James Cook?s second voyage, 1772?75, berthing with the midshipmen. He was finally promoted lieutenant on 29 November 1776 and saw action in the ?Barfleur? off Martinique. He was promoted captain on 13 March 1783, commanding the sloop ?St Vincent?. During the French Revolutionary War, he commanded the frigate ?Thalia? and the 74-gun ?Irresistible?, being involved in the Battle of Groix in June 1795. The rest of the war was spent on blockade and convoy duty in a series of commands in ships of the line. The return of war in 1803 saw Grindall in command of the huge 98-gun ?Prince?, a slow and ungainly ship with a justified reputation for ?sailing like a haystack?. He was in Collingwood?s division at Trafalgar but the ?Prince? was overtaken by the rest of the line as it joined battle with the French and Spanish fleet. By the time Grindall reached the action, the fighting was all but over, leaving little for the ?Prince? to contribute to the British victory. The ship proved invaluable after the battle, rescuing sailors, towing damaged vessels and providing stores. Grindall was promoted rear-admiral of the blue in the post-Trafalgar promotions of 9 November 1805, taking a shore position and retiring in 1810 after advancing to vice-admiral of the blue on 31 July that year. In 1815 he was knighted (KCB) in the post-war re-institution of the Order of the Bath. Two of Grindall?s sons died of illness while in naval service. Edmund, the youngest son (here shown holding his mother?s hand), died as a midshipman, aged 20, on 21 September 1811; Festing Horatio, the third son probably standing to his father's left, died as a lieutenant on 23 May 1812, aged 25. Grindall himself died at Wickham in Hampshire on 23 May 1820 and his wife Katherine on 6 February 1831, aged 72. There is a memorial to them in St Nicholas?s Church, Wickham.


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