Hendrik Swellengrebel

Hendrik Swellengrebel

Male 1700 - 1760  (60 years)    Has 6 ancestors and 54 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Hendrik Swellengrebel 
    Born 20 Sep 1700 
    Gender Male 
    Died 26 Dec 1760 
    Person ID I1382997  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Hendrik Swellengrebel at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 25 Sep 2011 

    Father Johannes Swellengrebel,   b. 17 May 1671, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1744  (Age 72 years) 
    Mother Johanna Cruse,   b. 5 Feb 1682, Kaapstad, SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 May 1713, Kaapstad, SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years) 
    Siblings 4 siblings 
    Family ID F990727  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme,   b. 1706,   d. 1746  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 15 Junie 1727  Kaap Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Mr. Johannes Willem Swellengrebel,   b. 05 Jun 1728, Kaapstad, SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1798, h. Roosendael, Achttienhoven Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
     2. Johanna Swellengrebel,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Helena Swellengrebel,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Hendrik Swellengrebel, Jr,   b. 1734,   d. 1803  (Age 69 years)
     5. Claudia Constantia Swellengrebel,   b. 1739,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Ertman Balthasar Swellengrebel,   b. 1742,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 30 Aug 2011 
    Family ID F990728  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • a Cape official who later became a free burgher, he joined the Dutch East India Company as an assistant clerk in 1713 and rose to be deputy governor with the rank of senior merchant in 1737. He succeeded to the governorship on April 14, 1739 and five years later was appointed a Councilor Extraordinary of India.

      Soon after taking office Swellengrebel crushed a revolt of White farmers led by a former army sergeant, Estienne Barbier, against the alleged conciliatory policy of the government towards the Khoi Khoi. Punitive campaigns were also launched to deter the Khoi Khoi from raiding white farms, thus inviting retaliation, and in the interests of peace on the frontier, the regulations prohibiting barter between colonists and Khoi Khoi were strictly enforced. The pioneer missionary work among the Khoi Khoi, begun by the Moravian Brother Georg Schmidt in 1737, was continued with Swellengrebel's blessing, but opposition on theological grounds by the Dutch Reformed Church caused Schmidt to abandon his mission in 1744. The hostility of the Dutch Reformed Church was also largely responsible for the failure of the Lutherans to found their own church at the Cape in 1742.

      The ceaseless movement of farmers into the interior led to fears of increasing lawlessness and a decline in civilized standards. After the visit of the commissioner general Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff in 1743, new Dutch Reformed Church congregations were established at Roodezand and Swartland, and in 1745 an additional magisterial district was proclaimed, named Swellendam in 1747 after the govemor and his first wife, Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme. An attempt to tie farmers more closely to their lands by the reintroduction in 1743 of a measure of freehold ownership, discontinued since 1717, did little to curb expansion.

      The Anglo- French struggle of 1744-48, in which the Netherlands supported Britain, increased Swellengrebel's responsibilities. His thorough preparations to meet any possible French attack involved all sections of the population and in 1748 he supervised the training and equipping of Boscawen's Anglo-Dutch force, including a Cape contingent, for a projected assault on Mauritius.

      Swellengrebel resigned on February 27, 1751, sailing for the Netherlands on March 2. He spent his last years in Utrecht, where he remarried.


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