Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour

Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour

Male 1848 - 1930  (82 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Arthur James Balfour 
    Prefix Prime Minister 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 1848  East Lothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1930 
    Person ID I132674  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Arthur Balfour at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 30 Aug 2000 

    Father James Maitland Balfour,   b. 5 Jan 1820,   d. 23 Feb 1856  (Age 36 years) 
    Mother Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoigne-Cecil,   d. 16 May 1872 
    Siblings 6 siblings 
    Family ID F53825  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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  • Notes 
    • Earl of Balfour
      Prime Minister of England
      Arthur Balfour was born on the family's Scottish estate in East Lothian . Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, he entered the House of Commons in 1874 as the Conservative MP for Hertford.
      In 1878 Balfour became private secretary to his uncle, the Marquess of Salisbury, who was Foreign Secretary in the Conservative government headed by Benjamin Disraeli.
      In the 1885 General Election Balfour was elected to represent the East Manchester constituency. The Marquess of Salisbury, who was now Prime Minister, appointed him as his Secretary for Scotland. Other posts during the next few years included Chief Secretary of Ireland (1887), First Lord of the Treasury (1892) and leader of the House of Commons (1892).
      Balfour replaced his uncle as Prime Minister in 1902. The most important events during his premiership included the 1902 Education Act and the ending of the Boer War. The topic of Tariff Reform split Balfour's government and when he resigned in 1905, Edward VII invited Henry Campbell-Bannerman to form a government. Campbell-Bannerman accepted and in the 1906 General Election that followed the Liberal Party had a landslide victory.
      Balfour remained leader of the Conservative Party until he was replaced by Andrew Bonar Law in 1911. He returned to government when in 1915 Herbert Asquith offered him the post of First Lord of the Admiralty in Britain's First World War coalition government. The following year, David Lloyd George, the new Prime Minister, appointed him as Foreign Secretary, and consequently was responsible for the Balfour Declaration in 1917 which promised Zionists a national home in Palestine.
      Balfour left Lloyd George's government in 1919 but returned to office when he served as Lord President of the Council (1925-29) in theConservative government headed by Stanley Baldwin.
      (1) Henry Hamilton Fyfe was a reporter on The Times when he first met Arthur Balfour.
      I saw that Balfour was not a great man. He had charm and wit; he could be energetic when he chose, but he chose very seldom; he had a marvellously acute mind, but he feared the logic of its conclusions. He was truly bored by almost everything, and he was born lazy. I recall one of his official secretaries telling me furiously how Balfour was primed for a critical debate, given sheaves of notes, told what his line of argument must be. "And then," spluttered Robert Morant, "he stuffed all the papers in his pocket without looking at them, and made a speech that missed all the essential points." After such episodes he would be more than usually charming, and would ask with a smile and a slight lift of his shoulders, "What does it matter?"

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