King Carol II von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, of Romania

King Carol II von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, of Romania

Male 1893 - 1953  (59 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 19 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Carol II von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen 
    Prefix King 
    Suffix of Romania 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 3 Oct 1893  Sinaia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 4 Apr 1953  Estoril, Port. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 14 Feb 2003  Curtea de Arges Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • royal crypt at the 16th-century cathedral
    Person ID I12276  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 10 Oct 2003 

    Father King Ferdinand I Victor Albert Meinrad von Hohenzollern, of Romania,   b. 24 Aug 1865, Sigmaringen Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1927, Schl. Sinaia, Roemenie Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Mother Queen Marie Alexandra Victoria von Sachsen-Coburg,   b. 29 Oct 1875, Eastwell Park Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jul 1938, Sinaia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Married 29 Dec 1892 
    Siblings 5 siblings 
    Family ID F3593  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Joana Lambrino,   b. 3 Oct 1898, Roman, Roemenie Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Mar 1953, Parijs Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Married 31 Aug 1918  Odessa, , Odes'ka, Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The couple celebrated an Orthodox religious marriage which was probably valid according to Orthodox Canon Law but which did not have the prior permission of the reigning King.
      The marriage was legally annulled by the Romanian Parliament and their son Mircea born after the annulment.
     1. Mircea von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen,   b. 8 Jan 1920, Bukarest, Roumania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Jan 2006  (Age 86 years)
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2003 
    Family ID F4373  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Helena zu Schleswig-Holstein,   b. 20 Feb 1896, Athens, Greece Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Nov 1982, Lausanne, Vaud, CH Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 10 Mar 1921  Athens, Greece Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Living
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F3690  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Mireille Marco-Vici,   b. 1898,   d. 1951  (Age 53 years) 
    Married Abt 1922 
     1. Living
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2001 
    Family ID F137187  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Helena Magda Lupescu,   b. 15 Sep 1895, Hertza, Moldau Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jun 1977, Estoril, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Married 3 Jul 1947  RĂ­o de Janeiro, Brasil Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F4001  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 31 Aug 1918 - Odessa, , Odes'ka, Ukraine Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 10 Mar 1921 - Athens, Greece Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 3 Jul 1947 - RĂ­o de Janeiro, Brasil Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos

  • Notes 
    • became King in 1930, while claiming actually to have acceded in 1927, when his father died; forced into exile in 1940 by Marshall Ion Antonescu;
      Once King Ferdinand acceded to the throne, Carol becomes at 21 the heir of the throne. At the same age he becomes senator by law in the Romanian Parliament. During the WWI, while the government and the Royal Family were in refuge at Iasi, he deserts from the army and run away with his mistress, Ioana (Zizi) Lambrino, daughter of an army major. They secretly married in Odessa. A huge scandal followed. Carol was sent to the Horaita-Neamt Monastery and later the Court of Ilfov declared the marriage null. Despite all these, Carol continued to see his lover and thus Mircea, the illegitimate son of Carol was born in 1920. Carol was sent away in a long trip to end the relationship with Ioana Lambrino.
      One year later, Carol met Elena, the daughter of King George and Queen Sofia of Greece. They married the same year and on October 25 their son Mihai, future King of Romania, was born. The relations between Prince Carol and Princess Elena ruined short after that and they distanced from each other.
      Soon after that Carol meets Elena (Magda) Wolf Lupescu. He falls in love with her. She will dominate his entire life from then on. They ran to Paris to live together. Carol takes the name of Carol Caraiman. Another scandal follows. This time King Ferdinand decides to withdraw Carol's privileges and names Mihai as his successor to the throne.
      In 1927 King Ferdinand dies. Mihai becomes King of Romania and the Regency is formed to rule until Mihai will be 21. The Regency was formed of Prince Nicolae - Mihai's uncle, Miron Cristea - The Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, and Gheorghe Buzdugan - the president of the High Court of Justice. Not long after that the later one passed away and George Sarateanu took his place.
      In 1930 however, Carol returns and just two days later, on June 8 Carol is proclaimed King of Romania in front of the
      Parliament. The return of Carol was greatly facilitated by the political situation in the country. Under the reign of King Ferdinand the universal vote was introduced. This led to a proliferation of political parties. Before that, there were two political parties in Romania: the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party. After the WWI the situation changed. The Conservative Party was disintegrated and dozens of other parties took its place. The Liberal Party that formed the government, led by Ionel Bratianu opposed for a while to Carol's return.
      Shortly after Ferdinand's death, Bratianu passed away too. The government lost its influence in the political arena. The Regency had little influence too. In 1928 the Peasants Party took the power, against the liberals. Despite its popularity, the new government could not do much to improve the political situation, being faced with the consequences of the world economic crisis.
      On this background the idea that Carol would be the person who could end the fights between the parties and the political instability. On June 6, 1930 Carol returns incognito to Bucharest and two days later the Parliament abrogates the laws that forbade Carol to become the heir of the throne. He became King Carol II of Romania. It was the first time in history that the father succeeded his son to the throne.
      Despite the promises made to the Prime Minister, Carol does not end the relationship with Elena Lupescu. He brings her back to Romania and forces Queen Elena to leave the country.
      Carol's reign lasted for ten years, between 1930 and 1940. These years meant for Romania a strong economic growth
      following the world economic crisis on one hand. On the other hand, Carol's reign brought the disintegration in 1938 of the parliamentarian democracy in Romania. The establishment of Carol's Royal Dictatorship was facilitated by both the internal and international political situation. In the 30's dictators already ruled most of the countries on the continental Europe. In Romania the people were strongly disappointed by the political parties. In addition right wing extremist movements flourished in those times. The most important one was The Legionary Movement, led by Horia Sima and Corneliu Zelea-Codreanu. Violence was a current practice to end political arguments. Two Prime Ministers were killed by the legionnaires under the reign of Carol II. Meanwhile a new war was about to emerge in Europe.
      Under these circumstances in 1938 Carol established a personal dictatorship regime without much opposition. He outlawed all the political parties, establishing a new unique one. His dream to be "The King of National Resurrection" was not to become reality. He surrounded himself with a camarilla of dubious persons, most of them introduced by his mistress Elena Lupescu.
      The following two years brought a lot of bad fortune to Romania. In 1940, following a treaty between Hitler's Germany and Stalin's USSR, Romania lost Basarabia and Northern Bucovina to USSR and northwestern Transilvania to Hungary. All this happened without a single gun to be fired. Carol found himself without internal or external political support, facing rallies throughout the country militating against him. The people considered him responsible for the loss of the above-mentioned territories and for the violence in the political life in the country. Thus, in September 1940 Carol gives up most of his decision-making powers in favor of General Ion Antonescu who becomes the head of state. More than that, the next day, on September 6, 1940 Antonescu forces Carol to abdicate and Mihai becomes for the second time King of Romania. He was only 19. Antonescu is the actual new ruler of Romania.
      Carol leaves Romania for good on September 7, 1940 together with his mistress Elena Lupescu, in a special train. He took with him lots of treasures from Romania, among which there were 41 paintings by artists such as Tizian, El Greco, and Grigorescu. He lived for several years in some South American countries. After that he settled in Portugal.
      During the WWII and immediately after that he had some unsuccessful attempts to regain the throne, contacting even the Soviets. They only caused some trouble to King Mihai during the negotiations with the allies. The Romanian political personalities and parties, with the esception of Gh. Tatatrescu, did not give any support or attention to Carol on these attempts.
      After all, Carol marries Elena Lupescu in 1949. He dies in 1953 of cancer. Elena Lupescu who outlived him for almost 25 years inherited his huge fortune. Carol II rests in the chapel of Portugal Kings in Estoril.

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