Gov. Alexander Spotswood

Gov. Alexander Spotswood

Male 1676 - 1740  (64 years)    Has more than 250 ancestors and more than 250 descendants in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All

  • Name Alexander Spotswood  [1
    Prefix Gov. 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 1676  Tangiers, Morocco Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 Jun 1740  Anapolis, Anne Arundel Co., MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I120384  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 27 May 2003 

    Father Dr. Robert Spotswood, II,   b. 17 Sep 1637, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1688, Tangiers, Morocco Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Mother Catherine Maxwell,   b. Abt 1633,   d. 1709, Tallow, County Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Married 22 Feb 1670  Garrison Church, Tangier, Morocco Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F48812  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Ann Butler Brayne,   d. Bef 8 Sep 1762 
    Married 1724  London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Gov. Col. John Spotswood,   b. 1722,   d. Bef 5 Dec 1758, Germana, Spotsylvania Co., VA. Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
     2. Dorothea Spotswood,   b. 1733, Yorktown, VA. Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Sep 1778, Hanover Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)
     3. Anna Catherina Spotswood,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Robert Spotswood,   d. 1758
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F48811  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1724 - London, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • Lt. Quartermaster-Gen. under Lord Cadogan, during War of the Spanish Succession.
      Wounded at Blenheim.
      App't. Lt. Gov. of Virgina 23 Jun 1710, served until 1722.
      App't. Postmaster General for the American colonies, 1730.
      Comm. Maj. Gen. of British colonial troops, 1740.

      1693/05/20 Ensign in the Earl of Bath's Regiment of Foot
      1698 Commissioned as an Army Officer
      1703 Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel
      1703 Appointed Quarter-Master General of Marlborough's Army
      1704 Wounded at Battle of Blenheim
      1710 Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, under the nominal governorship of George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney
      1713 Tobacco Act requiring the inspection of all tobacco intended for export or for use as legal tender
      1714 First Germanna Colony
      1714 Regulation of trade with native Americans
      1715 Bought 3229 acres at Germanna
      1716 First Iron Foundry
      1716 Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition into the Shenandoah valley to expedite settlement
      1717/??/?? Second Germanna Colony
      1717/??/?? Repeal of regulation of trade with native Americans
      1719/??/?? Third Germanna Colony
      1720/??/?? Germanna made seat of Spotsylvania County
      1721/??/?? Treaty with Iroquois in Albany, New York
      1722/??/?? Governor's palace completed
      1722/??/?? Enters private life with 80,000 acres in Spotsylvania and
      three iron furnaces
      1724/??/?? Married in London
      1729/??/?? Returned to 'Enchanted Castle, Germanna, Virginia
      1730/??/?? Deputy Postmaster General until 1739
      1740/04/19 Made Will
      1740/06/06 Died at Annapolis, Maryland (MD).
      1741/02/23 Will Proved
      His Will is available in the PRO - PROB 1/13


      Colonial governor of Virginia, b. Tangier, Morocco. Appointed in 1710, he was officially lieutenant governor under the nominal governorship of George Hamilton, 1st earl of Orkney. One of the ablest of the royal governors, Spotswood encouraged settlement of the frontier by exempting the settlers from taxes and quitrents. His measures requiring the inspection of all tobacco intended for export or for use as legal tender (1713) and regulating trade with the Native Americans (1714) were unpopular, and upon petition by the assembly, the crown repealed them (1717). He also encountered difficulties in maintaining his right to appoint Anglican clergymen in the colony. In 1716, Spotswood led an expedition into the Shenandoah valley to hasten its settlement, and he negotiated a treaty (1722) with the Iroquois, by which they agreed to remain beyond the Potomac River and the Blue Ridge. At the end (1722) of his governorship, Spotswood remained in Virginia, having acquired a vast amount of land in Spotsylvania co., where he also had extensive iron interests. In 1730 he was made deputy postmaster general of the American colonies.

      See his Official Letters (ed. by R. A. Brock, 2 vol., 1882-85); biographies by W. Havighurst (1968) and L. Dodson (1932, repr. 1969).

      ALEXANDER SPOTSWOOD: Descended from Robert, the Bruce. His father, Dr.
      Robert Spotswood, was a surgeon in the British Navy. Alexander
      Spotswood was born in 1676 at the British Navy Post in Tangiers,
      Africa. He served in the British Navy, under the Duke of Wellington,
      and while there received his promotion and title of Major General.
      Married Anne Butler Bryan, daughter of Richard Bryan of Westminster,
      in England. In 1710 Alexander Spotswood was sent to Virginia as
      Governor of the Colony.

      Anne Butler Bryan was named Butler after her uncle, James Butler,
      Duke of Ormund, and was descended from Alfred, the Great. The name
      Bryan was sometimes pronounced and written "Brayne," but Bryan is
      correct.

      Their children were John, Anne Catherine, Dorathea and Robert.

      JOHN SPOTSWOOD: In 1745 married Mary, daughter of Capt. William
      Dandridge and his wife, Lady Unity West, of Elson Green, King
      William County, Va.
      (William Dandridge was Captain in the British Army. One son, John
      Dandridge, was father of Mr. George Washington. Another son,
      Nathaniel West Dandridge married Dorathea Spotswood, daughter of
      Alexander Spotswood.)

      ANNE CATHERINE SPOTSWOOD: Married Col. Bernard Moore, of Chelsea,
      King William County, Va. He was seventh in descent from Sir Thomas
      Moore, of Chelsea, England, the famous journalist. Anne Spotswood
      was the great-grandmother of Robert E. Lee.

      DORATHEA SPOTSWOOD: Married in 1747 to Nathaniel Dandridge, brother
      to her sister-in-law, Mary Dandridge Spotswood, and a descendant
      of Col. John West who was Governor of Virginia and brother of
      Lord De La Ware. Mrs. Dorathea Dandridge died in 1773, aged 47.
      Her daughter Dorathea, was Patrick Henry's second wife.

  • Sources 
    1. [S11] Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, (4th ed, Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore , , Repository: J.H. Garner), line 43A p 52 (Reliability: 0).


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