Isaak I Komnenos

Isaak I Komnenos

Male 1007 - 1061  (54 years)    Has 4 ancestors and 2 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Isaak I Komnenos  [1
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 1007  Constantinople Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1061  Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I118855  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 11 Nov 2009 

    Father Prefect Manolis Komnenos, "Erotikos",   d. Abt 1025 
    Mother Anna,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F7641  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Princess Ekaterina von Bulgarien,   b. Abt 1012,   d. Aft 1061  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married 1052 
     1. Manuel Komnenos,   d. Bef 1059
     2. Maria Komnene,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 11 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F47997  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1007 - Constantinople Link to Google Earth
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    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Isaak I Komnenos
    Isaak I Komnenos

  • Notes 
    • Emperor 1057-1059
      Succeeded by Konstantinos X Dukas.

      Basil II had them carefully educated at the monastery of Stoudion , and afterwards advanced them to high official positions.
      It is said that their name was derived from the city of Komne , near Philippopolis , where they were landowners, and that they were of Armenian ancestry from Paphlagonia, which is supported by the use of the name Manuel instead of Manolis.

      During the disturbed reigns of Basil's seven immediate successors, Isaac by his prudent conduct won the confidence of the army. From 1042 to 1057, he served as commander of the field army in Anatolia . In 1057 he rebelled in Paphlagonia and joined with the nobles of the capital in a conspiracy against Michael VI . After the latter's deposition, Isaac was proclaimed emperor, founding the new dynasty of the Komnenoi. Patriarch Michael Keroularios crowned Isaac I emperor on September 1 , 1057 , taking much of the credit for Isaac's acceptance as monarch.
      The first care of the new emperor was to reward his noble partisans with appointments that removed them from Constantinople , and his next was to repair the depleted finances of the empire. He revoked numerous pensions and grants conferred by his predecessors upon idle courtiers, and, meeting the reproach of sacrilege by Michael Keroularios with a decree of exile in 1058, he appropriated a proportion of the revenues of the wealthy monasteries. Isaac's only military expedition was against King Andrew I of Hungary and the Pechenegs , who began to ravage the northern frontiers in 1059. Shortly after this successful campaign, he concluded peace with the Kingdom of Hungary and returned to Constantinople. Here he was seized with an illness, and believed it to be mortal. This situation was exploited by the courtiers, led by Michael Psellos , who influenced Isaac to appoint as his successor Constantine Doukas , to the exclusion of his own brother John Komnenos. Isaac abdicated on November 22 , 1059 , against the wishes of his brother and of his empress Catherine of Bulgaria . Like Isaac, his wife and daughter entered a monastery.
      Although he recovered, Isaac Komnenos did not resume the throne, but retired to the monastery of Stoudion and spent the remaining two years of his life as a monk , alternating menial offices with literary studies. His Scholia to the Iliad and other works on the Homeric poems are still extant. He died late in 1060 or early in 1061. Isaac's great aim was to restore the former strict organization of the government, and his reforms, though unpopular with the aristocracy and the clergy, and not understood by the people, certainly contributed to stave off for a while the final ruin of the Byzantine Empire

  • Sources 
    1. [S887] The Alexiad of Anna Comnena, Anna Comnena, (orig. written ca. 1148, English trans. by E.R.A. Sewter, 1969, Penguin Books, New York, NY , , Repository: J.H. Garner LIbrary), House of Comnenus Genealogy Table (Reliability: 0).

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