James Hack Tuke

James Hack Tuke

Male 1819 - 1896  (76 years)    Has 6 ancestors and one descendant in this family tree.

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name James Hack Tuke 
    Born 13 Sep 1819  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1896  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I116859  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 26 Jul 2010 

    Father Samuel Tuke,   b. 31 Jul 1784,   d. 14 Oct 1857  (Age 73 years) 
    Mother Priscilla Hack 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F299471  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Janson,   b. 8 Sep 1826, St Leonards, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jan 1869, St Leonards, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years) 
    Married 1848  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Margaret Janson Tuke,   b. 1862,   d. 1947  (Age 85 years)
    Last Modified 26 Jul 2010 
    Family ID F47146  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • He was educated at the Religious Society of Friends school there, and after working for a time in his father's wholesale tea business, became in 1852 a partner in the banking firm of Sharples and Co., and went to live at Hitchin in Hertfordshire.

      For eighteen years he was treasurer of the Friends Foreign Mission Association, and for eight years chairman of the Friends Central Education Board. But he is chiefly remembered for his philanthropic work in Ireland, which was in a great measure the result of a visit to Connaught In 1847, and of the scenes of distress which he there witnessed. In 1880, accompanied by WE Forster, he spent two months in the West of Ireland distributing relief which had been privately subscribed by Friends in England.

      Letters descriptive of the state of things he saw were published in The Times, and in his pamphlet, Irish Distress and its Remedies (1880), he pointed out that Irish distress was due to economic rather than political difficulties, and advocated state-aided land purchase, peasant proprietorship, light railways, government help for the fishing and local industries, and family emigration for the poorest peasants. From 1882 to 1884 he worked continuously in Ireland superintending the emigration of poor families to the United States and the Colonies.

      The failure of the potato crop in Ireland in 1885 again called forth Tuke's energy, and on the invitation of the government, aided by public subscription, he purchased and distributed seed potatoes in order to avert a famine. To his reports of this distribution and his letters to The Times, which were reprinted under the title The Condition of Donegal (1889), were due in a great measure the bill passed for the construction of light railways in 1889 and the Irish Land Act which established the Congested Districts Board in 1891.

      See Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons (1815-1816); Dr Conolly, Treatment of the Insane without Mechanical Restraints (1856); Dr Hack Tuke, Chapters in the History of the Insane in the British Isles (1882).


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