Tsaar Alexei  Romanoff

Tsaar Alexei Romanoff

Male 1629 - 1676  (46 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Alexei Romanoff 
    Prefix Tsaar 
    Relationshipwith Adam
    Born 20 Mar 1629  Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 9 Feb 1676  Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I10732  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 16 Sep 2009 

    Father Tsaar Mikhail Fodorowitsj Romanoff,   b. 23 Jul 1596, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jul 1645, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Mother Evdokia Stryeshneff,   b. 1608,   d. 28 Aug 1645, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 15 Feb 1626  Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 9 siblings 
    Family ID F4215  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Anna Miloslawskaja,   b. 1626,   d. 14 Mar 1669, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Married 26 Jan 1648  Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Dmitri Alexeevich Romanoff,   b. 1648,   d. 1649  (Age 1 years)
     2. Yevdokia Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1650,   d. 1712  (Age 62 years)
     3. Marfa Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1652,   d. 1707  (Age 55 years)
     4. Alexei Alexeevich Romanoff,   b. 1654,   d. 1670  (Age 16 years)
     5. Anna Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1655,   d. 1659  (Age 4 years)
     6. Tsaar Fjodor III Romanoff,   b. 1656,   d. 1682  (Age 26 years)
     7. Sophia Romanoff,   b. 1657,   d. 1714  (Age 57 years)
     8. Ekaterina Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1658,   d. 1718  (Age 60 years)
     9. Maria Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1660,   d. 1723  (Age 63 years)
     10. Feodosia Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1662,   d. 1713  (Age 51 years)
     11. Simeon ( Romanoff,   b. 1665,   d. 1669  (Age 4 years)
     12. Tsaar Iwan V Romanoff,   b. 27 Aug 1666,   d. 29 Jan 1696  (Age 29 years)
     13. Yevdokia Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1669,   d. 1669  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F4043  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Natalia Narishkine,   b. 1 Sep 1651,   d. 4 Feb 1694, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years) 
    Married 1 Feb 1671  Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Tsaar Peter I "de grote" Romanoff,   b. 9 Jun 1672, Moskva, Moskva, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Feb 1725, St Petersburg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
     2. Natalya Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1673,   d. 1716  (Age 43 years)
     3. Fyodora Alexeevna Romanoff,   b. 1674,   d. 1677  (Age 3 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F4062  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 20 Mar 1629 - Moskva, Moskva, Russia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 26 Jan 1648 - Moskva, Moskva, Russia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1 Feb 1671 - Moskva, Moskva, Russia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 9 Feb 1676 - Moskva, Moskva, Russia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    10732.jpg
    10732.jpg

  • Notes 
    • Tsaar van Rusland, 1645-1676

      Alexei acceded to the throne at the age of sixteen after his father's death on 12 July 1645. He was committed to the care of the boyar Boris Morozov , a shrewd and sensible guardian sufficiently enlightened to recognize the needs of his country, and by no means inaccessible to Western ideas.
      Morozov's foreign policy was pacificatory. He secured a truce with Poland and carefully avoided complications with the Ottoman Empire . His domestic policy was scrupulously fair and aimed at relieving the public burdens by limiting the privileges of foreign traders and abolishing a great many useless and expensive court offices. On 17 January 1648 Morozov procured the marriage of the tsar with Maria Miloslavskaya , himself marrying her sister, Anna, ten days later, both daughters of Ilya Danilovich Miloslavsky (1594 - 1668).
      Morozov was very unpopular however, regarded as a typical self-seeking 17th-century boyar, and was generally detested and accused of sorcery and witchcraft . In May 1648 the people of Moscow rose against them in the so-called Salt Riot , and the young Tsar was compelled to dismiss them and exile Boris to the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery . Suffering from the forced separation, Alexei sent many tender letters to his mentor, and urged the guards to treat him as civilly as possible.
      The successful issue of the Moscow riots was the occasion of disquieting disturbances all over the tsardom culminating in dangerous rebellions at Pskov and Great Novgorod , with which the government was so unable to cope that they surrendered, practically granting the malcontents their own terms. One man only had displayed equal tact and courage at Great Novgorod, the metropolitan Nikon , who in consequence became in 1651 the Tsar's chief minister.
      In 1653 the weakness and disorder of Poland, which had just emerged from the Khmelnytsky Uprising , encouraged Alexei to attempt to annex from her rival the old Rus' lands. On 1 October 1653 a national assembly met at Moscow to sanction the war and find the means of carrying it out, and in April 1654 the army was blessed by Nikon (now patriarch). The campaign of 1654 was an uninterrupted triumph, and scores of towns, including the important fortress of Smolensk , fell into the hands of the Russians. It was also during this war that Ukrainian Hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky appealed to Tsar Alexei for protection from the Poles, and got it in the form of the Treaty of Pereyaslav which brought about Russian dominance of the Cossack Hetmanate in Left-Bank Ukraine .
      In January 1655 the rout of Akhmatov arrested their progress; but in the summer of the same year, the sudden invasion by Charles X of Sweden for the moment swept the Polish state out of existence; the Russians, unopposed, quickly appropriated nearly everything which was not already occupied by the Swedes, and when at last the Poles offered to negotiate, the whole grand-duchy of Lithuania was the least of the demands of Alexei. Fortunately for Poland, the Tsar and the king of Sweden now quarrelled over the apportionment of the spoils, and at the end of May 1656 Alexei, encouraged by the Habsburg emperor and the other enemies of Sweden, declared war .
      Great things were expected of the Swedish war, but nothing came of it. Dorpat was taken, but countless multitudes were lost in vain before Riga . In the meantime Poland had so far recovered herself as to become a much more dangerous foe than Sweden, and, as it was impossible to wage war with both simultaneously, the Tsar resolved to rid himself of the Swedes first. This he did by the Peace of Kardis ( 2 July 1661), whereby Russia retroceded all her conquests. The Polish war dragged on for six years longer and was then concluded by a truce, nominally for thirteen years, which proved the most durable of treaties.
      By the Treaty of Andrusovo ( 11 February 1667) Vitebsk , Polotsk and Polish Livonia were restored to Poland, but the infinitely more important Smolensk and Kiev remained in the hands of Russia together with the whole eastern bank of the Dnieper River. This truce was the achievement of Afanasy Ordin-Nashchokin , the first Russian chancellor and diplomat in the modern sense, who after the disgrace of Nikon became the Tsar's first minister till 1670, when he was superseded by the equally able Artamon Matveyev , whose beneficent influence prevailed to the end of Alexei's reign.
      When Charles I of England was beheaded by the Parliamentarians under Oliver Cromwell in 1649, an outraged Alexei broke off diplomatic relations with England and accepted Royalist refugees in Moscow. He also banned all English merchants from his country and provided financial assistance to "the disconsolate widow of that glorious martyr, King Charles I."

      It is the crowning merit of the Tsar Alexei that he discovered so many great men (like Fyodor Rtishchev , Ordin, Matveyev, the best of Peter's precursors) and suitably employed them. He was not a man of superior strength of character, or he would never have submitted to the dictation of Nikon. But, on the other hand, he was naturally, if timorously, progressive, or he would never have encouraged the great reforming boyar Matveyev. His last years, notwithstanding the terrible rebellion of Stenka Razin , were deservedly tranquil.
      Alexei's letters have earned him a place in the history of Russian literature , as assessed by D.S. Mirsky :
      A few private letters and an instruction to his falconers is all we have of him. But it is sufficient for Sergey Platonov to proclaim him the most attractive of Russian monarchs. He acquired the moniker Tishayshy, which means "most quiet" or "most peaceful". Certain aspects of Russian Orthodoxy , not its most purely spiritual, but its aesthetic and worldly aspects, found in him their most complete expression. The essence of Alexei's personality is a certain spiritual Epicureanism , manifested in an optimistic Christian faith, in a profound, but unfanatical, attachment to the traditions and ritual of the Church, in a desire to see everyone round him happy and at peace, and in a highly developed capacity to extract a quiet and mellow enjoyment from all things


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