995 - 1035 (40 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and 4 descendants in this family tree.
||Canute I Sveynsson |
||"the Great" |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||12 Nov 1035
||Shaftesbury, Dorset, England
||Winchester Cathedral, London, England
||29 Aug 2000 |
- Zoon van Sven die Ethelred II in 1013 uit Engeland verdreef. Koning van Engeland 1016 - 1035.
Reigned 1016-1035, also king of Denmark and Norway Danish King of England after defeating Edmund Ironside (1016). He became King of Denmark (1019) and Norway (1028). He defended England from Viking attacks (1017, 1026, 1028) and subjected Malcolm II of Scotland (1028). He went on pilgrimage to Rome in 1027 to attend the coronation of the Emporor Conrad II. According to Legend, he proved to flatterers the limits of his powers by demonstrating his inabiliy to indice the waves to recede.
With the death of his father Svein Forkbeard, Canute (Knut Sveinsson) withdrew from England to Denmark. There, he gathered his forces, came back to England in 1015 and took control of virtually the whole country, except for the city of London. At the death of Æthelred II, in 1016, the Londoners chose Edmund II as their king, but the Witan had chosen Canute. A series of engagements with Edmund followed, with Canute defeating Edmund at Ashington, Essex. A treaty was made between them calling for a partition of England which would continue in force until one of their deaths, at which time all lands would revert to the survivor. Canute had only a month to wait to become king, since Edmund II died in November of 1016.
Canute consolidated his power by eliminating all claimants to the throne from the House of Wessex, through either banishment or execution. He had a son by his English mistress Ælgifu, Harald Harefoot, who would be regent at Canute's death and, then, king for a short time. Canute got rid of his mistress and took Æthelred's widow, Emma, to be his lawfully wedded wife. Their union produced a legitimate son, Hardicanute, who would later rule as Canute II.