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168351 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I380588)
 
168352 was educated at Stockport Convent High School For Girls, where she was head girl and Newnham College , University of Cambridge , where she first came into contact with another future journalist, Brian Redhead , and her first husband, Michael Bakewell . Later, she was married to the director Jack Emery , but they have since divorced.

first became well known as one of the presenters of an early BBC Two programme, Late Night Line-Up ( 1965 - 72 ). Frank Muir dubbed her "the thinking man's crumpet " during this period, and it has stuck.
She co-presented Reports Action, a Sunday teatime programme which encouraged the public to donate their services to various good causes, for Granada Television during 1976 - 78 . Subsequently, she returned to the BBC, and co-presented a short-lived late night television arts programme; briefly worked on the BBC Radio 4 PM programme; and was Newsnight's arts correspondent ( 1986 - 88 ), before apparently being sacked by John Birt .
Later, she came to the fore as the main presenter of the documentary series Heart of the Matter. She was Chairman of the British Film Institute from 2000 to 2002 .
She was appointed CBE in 1999 . Her autobiography , The Centre of the Bed ( ISBN 0-340-82310-0 ), was published in 2004 . It describes at length her affair with Harold Pinter , while he was still married to the actress Vivien Merchant and she was still married to Michael Bakewell.
She is also currently writing for the British newspaper The Independent in the 'Editorial and Opinion' section. Typically, her articles concern aspects of social life and culture but sometimes she writes more political articles, often focusing on aspects relevant to life in the United Kingdom . 
Rowlands, Joan Dawson (I586794)
 
168353 Was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church. He followed a political career and was private secretary to the Duke of Newcastle. He was tutor to George III when he was Prince of Wales, and treasurer to Queen Charlotte, under secretary of state, secretary to the island of Barbados and Member of Parliament for Hastings. Stone, Andrew (I720356)
 
168354 was educated at Westminster, and served on active service in the army from 1795-1809, notably in the Helder Campaign 1799, the Egyptian Campaign 1801, and the campaigns in the Mediterranean, where Bunbury served as Quartermaster-General. He particularly distinguished himself at the Battle of Maida in 1806. He served as Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies from 1809-16. He was promoted to the rank of Major-General and awarded the KCB in 1815, and in the same year was responsible for informing Napoleon of his sentence of deportation to St Helena. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant-General.

Bunbury succeeded to the baronetcy in 1821 on the death of his uncle, Thomas Charles Bunbury. He was High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1825 and an active Member of Parliament for Suffolk from 1830 to 1832.

Bunbury was the author of several historical works of value, the most notable being his military memoirsNarratives of Some Passages in the Great War with France, first published in 1854.

"Henry Bunbury's Great War with France is perhaps the most valuable record... which any soldier has bequeathed to us of the long struggle that began in 1793 and ended in 1815. and it derives its value from the fact that the author was not only a good soldier, well skilled in his profession, but that he was, as a staff officer, thrown with the best British commanders... of his day; that he had opportunities of discussing with them every point of military policy and the details of many important campaigns; and that further he was a highly educated gentleman, with a seeing eye, a kindly nature, a keen sense of the ridiculous, and a very real literary gift." 
Bunbury, Lt.-General Henry Edward (I116094)
 
168355 was educated by her parents in their literate and well-connected household at 22 Hyde Park Gate , Kensington . Virginia's parents had married each other after being widowed and the household contained the children of three marriages: Julia's children with her first husband Herbert Duckworth: George Duckworth ( 1868 - 1934 ); Stella Duckworth ( 1869 - 1897 ); and Gerald Duckworth ( 1870 - 1937 ). Laura Makepeace Stephen (1870- 1945 ), Leslie's daughter with Minny Thackeray, who was declared mentally disabled and lived with them until she was institutionalised in 1891 to the end of her life; and Leslie and Julia's children: Vanessa Stephen ( 1879 - 1961 ); Thoby Stephen ( 1880 - 1906 ); Virginia; and Adrian Stephen ( 1883 - 1948 ).
Sir Leslie Stephen's eminence as an editor, critic, and biographer, and his connection to William Thackeray (he was the widower of Thackeray's eldest daughter) meant that Woolf was raised in an environment filled with the influences of Victorian literary society.
Henry James , George Eliot , George Henry Lewes , Julia Margaret Cameron (an aunt of Julia Duckworth), and James Russell Lowell , who was made Virginia's godfather, were among the visitors to the house. Julia Duckworth Stephen was equally well connected. Descended from an attendant of Marie Antoinette , she came from a family of renowned beauties who left their mark on Victorian society as models for Pre-Raphaelite artists and early photographers. Supplementing these influences was the immense library at 22 Hyde Park Gate, from which Virginia (unlike her brothers, who were formally educated) was taught the classics and English literature.
According to her memoirs her most vivid childhood memories, however, were not of London, but of St Ives in Cornwall , where the family spent every summer until 1895. The family stayed in their home called the Talland House, which looked out over the Porthminster Bay. Memories of the family holidays and impressions of the landscape, especially the Godrevy Lighthouse , informed the fiction she wrote in later years, notably To the Lighthouse . She also based the summer home in Scotland after the Talland House and the Ramsay family after her own family.
The sudden death of her mother from influenza in 1895, when Virginia was 13, and that of her half sister Stella two years later, led to the first of Virginia's several nervous breakdowns . The death of her father in 1904 provoked her most alarming collapse and she was briefly institutionalised.
Her breakdowns and subsequent recurring depressive periods, modern scholars have claimed, were also induced by the sexual abuse she and Vanessa were subject to by their half-brothers George and Gerald (which Woolf recalls in her autobiographical essays A Sketch of the Past and 22 Hyde Park Gate ).
Throughout her life, Woolf was plagued by drastic mood swings. Though these recurring mental breakdowns greatly affected her social functioning, her literary abilities remained intact. Modern diagnostic techniques have led to a posthumous diagnosis of bipolar disorder , an illness which coloured her work and life, and eventually led to her suicide. Following the death of her father in 1904 and her second serious nervous breakdown, Virginia, Vanessa, and Adrian sold 22 Hyde Park Gate, and bought a house at 46 Gordon Square in Bloomsbury . There they came to know Lytton Strachey , Clive Bell , Saxon Sydney-Turner, Duncan Grant , and Leonard Woolf , who together formed the nucleus of the intellectual circle known as the Bloomsbury group .
While nowhere near a simple recapitulation of the coterie's ideals, Woolf's work can be understood as consistently in dialogue with Bloomsbury, particularly its tendency (informed by G.E. Moore , among others) towards doctrinaire rationalism.
Personal life
Although she was married to Leonard Woolf from 1912 until her death in 1941, some of Virginia Woolf's strongest romantic ties were with women. Many members of the Bloomsbury Group were involved in same-sex relationships: avowedly homosexual figures associated with Bloomsbury include novelist E. M. Forster , the biographer Lytton Strachey , the economist John Maynard Keynes , and the painter Duncan Grant . Virginia herself became emotionally - and perhaps romantically - close with several women during her thirties. Her female intimates included Madge Vaughn (the daughter of J. A. Symonds , and inspiration for the character of Mrs. Dalloway), and Violet Dickinson, as well as composer and female activist Ethel Smyth . Most who knew her described her as occasionally solemn, but often jovial, as well as physically beautiful and a captivating conversationalist.
Affair with Vita Sackville-West
In 1922 , Woolf met and fell in love with Vita Sackville-West . After a tentative start, they began an affair that lasted through most of the 1920s. [1] In 1928 , Woolf presented Sackville-West with Orlando , a fantastical biography in which the eponymous hero's life spans three centuries and both genders . It has been called by Nigel Nicolson , Vita Sackville-West's son, "the longest and most charming love letter in literature." [2] The details of the relationship and what ended it are not completely understood, but was possibly due to the loss of infatuation, to infidelities on the part of Sackville-West, or to the demands of their respective marriages. Although their affair ended, the two women remained friends until Woolf's death in 1941.
Death
At the end of 1940, Woolf suffered another severe bout of depression , from which she felt she was unable to recover, partly due to the onset of World War II . On March 28 , 1941 , at the age of 59, Woolf filled her pockets with stones and drowned herself in the River Ouse , near her home in Rodmell . She left two suicide notes ; one for her sister Vanessa, the other for her husband, Leonard.
Work
Virginia Woolf as she appears in a much larger mural painting in a Barnes & Noble bookshop in Flagstaff , Arizona .
Woolf began writing professionally in 1905, initially for the Times Literary Supplement with a journalistic piece about Haworth , home of the Brontë family. In 1912 she married Leonard Woolf, a writer, civil servant and political theorist . Her first novel, The Voyage Out, was published in 1915 by her half-brother's imprint, Gerald Duckworth and Company Ltd.
This novel was originally entitled Melymbrosia, but due to criticism Virginia Woolf received about the political nature of the book, she changed the novel and its title. This older version of The Voyage Out has been compiled and is now available to the public under the intended title. She went on to publish novels and essays as a public intellectual to both critical and popular success.
Much of her work was self-published through the Hogarth Press , which she and Leonard founded in 1917. She has been hailed as one of the greatest novelists of the twentieth century and one of the foremost Modernists , though she disdained some artists in this category.
Woolf is considered one of the greatest innovators in the English language. In her works she experimented with stream-of-consciousness , the underlying psychological as well as emotional motives of characters, and the various possibilities of fractured narrative and chronology. In the words of E. M. Forster , she pushed the English language "a little further against the dark," and her literary achievements and creativity are influential even today.
Woolf's reputation declined sharply after World War II, but her eminence was re-established with the surge of Feminist criticism in the 1970s . After a few more ideologically based altercations, not least caused by claims that Woolf was anti-semitic and a snob , it seems that a critical consensus has been reached regarding her stature as a novelist.
Her work was criticised for epitomizing the narrow world of the upper-middle class English intelligentsia, peopled with delicate, but ultimately trivial, self-centred, and overly introspective individuals. Some critics judged it to be lacking in universality and depth, without the power to communicate anything of emotional or ethical relevance to the disillusioned common reader, weary of the 1920s aesthetes who seemed to belong to an era definitely closed and buried.
Virginia Woolf's peculiarities as a fiction writer have tended to obscure her central strength: Woolf is arguably the major lyrical novelist in the English language. Her novels are highly experimental: a narrative, frequently uneventful and commonplace, is refracted-and sometimes almost dissolved-in the characters' receptive consciousnesses. Intense lyricism and stylistic virtuosity fuse to create a world overabundant with auditory and visual impressions.
The intensity of Virginia Woolf's poetic vision elevates the ordinary, sometimes banal settings of most of her novels (with the exception of Orlando and Between the Acts), even as they are often set in an environment of war. For example, Mrs. Dalloway (1925) centers on the efforts of Clarissa Dalloway, a middle aged society woman, to organize a party, even as her life is equated with Septimus Warren Smith, a soldier who has returned from the First World War bearing psychological scars.
To the Lighthouse (1927) is set on two days ten years apart. The plot centers around the Ramsay family's anticipation of and reflection upon a holiday visit to a lighthouse and the resultant resolution of familial tensions. One of the primary themes of the novel is the struggle in the creative process that beset painter Lily Briscoe while she struggled to encapsulate the family drama. The novel is also a meditation upon the lives of a nation's inhabitants in the midst of war, of the people left behind. The Waves (1931) presents a group of six friends whose reflections, which are closer to recitatives than to the interior monologues proper, create a wave-like atmosphere that is more akin to a prose poem than to a plot-centered novel.
Her last work, Between the Acts (1941) sums up and magnifies Woolf's chief preoccupations: the transformation of life through the art, sexual ambivalence, and meditation on the themes of flux of time and life, presented simultaneously as corrosion and rejuvenation - all set in a highly imaginative and symbolic narrative encompassing almost all of English history.
Modern scholarship and interpretations
Recently, studies of Virginia Woolf have focused on feminist and lesbian themes in her work, such as in the 1997 collection of critical essays, Virginia Woolf: Lesbian Readings, edited by Eileen Barrett and Patricia Cramer. Louise A. DeSalvo offers treatment of the incestuous sexual abuse Woolf experienced as a young woman in her book Virginia Woolf: The Impact of Childhood Sexual Abuse on her Life and Work. Woolf's fiction is also studied for its insight into shell shock , war , class and modern British society. Her best-known nonfiction works, A Room of One's Own (1929) and Three Guineas (1938), examine the difficulties women writers and intellectuals faced in an era when men held disproportionate legal and economic power, and the future of women in education and society.
The 2002 film "The Hours," uses some of Woolf's characteristic stylistic tools to intertwine a story of the Virginia who is writing "Mrs. Dalloway" with stories of two other women decades apart, each of whom is planning a party. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture . It did not win, but Nicole Kidman was awarded the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of Woolf in the movie. The film was adapted from Michael Cunningham 's 1998 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name. The Hours was Woolf's working title for Mrs. Dalloway . Many Virginia Woolf scholars are highly critical of the portrayal of Woolf and her works in the film. [ citation needed ]
Irene Coates' book Who's Afraid of Leonard Woolf: A Case for the Sanity of Virginia Woolf takes the position that Leonard Woolf's treatment of his wife encouraged her ill health and ultimately was responsible for her death. The position, which is not accepted by Leonard's family, is extensively researched and fills in some of the gaps in the traditional account of Virginia Woolf's life.
The first biography of Virginia Woolf was published in 1972 by her favorite nephew, Quentin Bell.
Hermione Lee 's 1996 biography Virginia Woolf provides a thorough and authoritative examination of Woolf's life and work.
Julia Briggs's Virginia Woolf: An Inner Life, published in 2005, is the most recent examination of Woolf's life. It focuses on Woolf's writing, including her novels and her commentary on the creative process, to illuminate her life. Thomas Szasz 's book My Madness Saved Me: The Madness and Marriage of Virginia Woolf ISBN 0765803216 has been published in 2006.
Trivia
Playwright Edward Albee asked Woolf's widower Leonard Woolf for permission to use his wife's name in the title of his play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? , which concerns a clash between a university professor and his wife as they host a younger faculty couple for evening cocktails.
Indiana band Murder by Death (band) have a song entitled I'm Afraid of 'Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? on their first album, Like the Exorcist, but More Breakdancing .
American folk rock duo Indigo Girls wrote and recorded a song called "Virginia Woolf" for their 1992 album Rites of Passage , and also included it on their live recording 1200 Curfews in 1995.
British indie rock band Assembly Now reference Woolf by name in their song "It's Magnetic."
Indie rock band Modest Mouse got their name from a passage from her story "The Mark on the Wall."
She was the great-aunt of Anthony Duckworth-Chad . 
Stephen, Adeline Virginia (I499365)
 
168356 Was een reislustig man. In 1851/52 maakte hij met zijn vriend, de geoloog Dr. E. M. Beima, een avontuurlijke reis van zeven maanden naar Griekenland, Turkije, Palestina en Egypte. Van deze reis schreef hij een levendig verslag in brieven. Op een van zijn tochten te paard, door Duitsland, overkwam hem een ongeluk, waardoor hij enkele maanden verpleegd moest worden. Hij werd gastvrij opgenomen ten huize van zijn latere schoonvader, Dr. Engelken te Bremen. Na zijn herstel huwde Hector Livius in 1863 met diens dochter Henriëtte Wilhelmina Adeline.
Hector Livius was jagermeester en kamerheer i.b.d. van de Koning. Tweemaal ontving in zijn tijd de state officieel bezoek van Willem III, namelijk in 1851 en 1873. Ter gelegenheid van het bezoek van 1873, waarbij de lunch gebruikt werd op Fogelsangh State, werd de gehele voorgevel gemoderniseerd en gepleisterd en werd ook het interieur op vele plaatsen aangepast aan de smaak van de tijd. Onder andere de eetzaal en de tuinzaal kregen toen hun tegenwoordige vorm. De "gezichtslaan" achter het huis werd toen verhard en kreeg de naam Koningsweg. Bij de dood van Hector Livius in 1909 erfde zijn oudste dochter Fogelsangh State, dat zij in 1938 vermaakte aan haar neef Mr. B. Ph. Baron van Harinxma thoe Slooten, wiens erven het nog bezitten.
Eigenaren van Fogelsangh State
Sjouck van Fogelsangh 1644-1652
Dirck van Fogelsangh en Pibo van Doma 1652-1663
Pibo van Doma 1666-1675
Catharina van Doma, gehuwd met Petrus van Rosema 1675- ?
Jacob van Rosema ? -1721
Anna van Scheltinga, gehuwd met Johannes van Glinstra 1721-1728
Wija Catharina van Glinstra, gehuwd met Willem Hendrik Van Heemstra 1728-1762
Willem Hendrik van Heemstra 1762-1775
Hector Livius van Heemstra 1775-1783
Cecilia Johanna van Heemstra 1783-1836
Hector Livius baron van Heemstra 1836-1909
Hermance Adeline Livia barones van Heemstra, gehuwd met Mr. Willem Bernard Reinier van Welderen baron Rengers 1909-1938
Mr. Binnert Philip baron van Harinxma thee Slooten 1938-1969
Kyra Livia barones van Harinxma thoe Slooten, gehuwd met Mr. Charles Alfred Frédéric Hubert Joseph Marie graaf De Marchant et d'Ansembourg 1969-heden 
van Heemstra, Baron Hector Livius (I493934)
 
168357 Was een van de vier raadsluyden die op 6 september 1396 de toren van de Nieuwe Kerk te Delft stichtten. Raadsman te Delft, kocht land in Nieuw Hellevoeterland van de grafelijkheid 14 september 1397 van Bleyswijk, Jacob Claesz. (I639144)
 
168358 was een verdienstelijk dilettante in het schilderen van bloemstillevens. Backer, Catharina (I494560)
 
168359 was een zeer bekend geneesheer in zijn vaderstad Rotterdam; 14 Juli 1625 werd hij, in de plaats van den overleden stadsdokter Jacobus Bom, door de vroedschap als diens opvolger benoemd. Bovendien was hij schepen 1623-1624, vroedschap 1625-1631, burgemeester 1626, 1627 en 1631 en een groot verzamelaar van kunstvoorwerpen, antiquiteiten en boeken. van Goedereede, Dr. Pieter Willemszoon (I646196)
 
168360 Was eers Magdalena Johanna /Wessels/, verander na aanleiding van doopinskrywing in TAB en haar sterfkennis wat haar met Paulus Johannes Mare koppel. Onseker waar ek haar vader se voorletters vandaan gekry het.

Moontlik twee huwelike met dieselfde name en datums!

Grootvallei(Bultfontein) 20jr of Winburg 20jr 
Wessels, Johanna Dorothea Elizabeth (I1368386)
 
168361 was eerst luitenant in het eerste batailjon Oranje Stad en Lande, 23 Oct. 1762 ontslagen met den rang van majoor.
Hij huwde tweemalen, te Bergen-op-Zoom ten eersten 14 Nov. 1754 met Johanna Elisabeth de Brauw, geb. in Suriname 20 Feb. 1724, overl. te Bergen-op-Zoom 1 Nov. 1757, dochter van Adriaan en van Maria Catharina Brouwers, begr. te Bergen-op-Zoom als wed. 23 Mei 1752,
en ten tweeden 29 Dec. 1760 met Anna Ulcea Jarges, geb te Leeuwarden en wed. van kap. de Lely 
ten Berge, Tammo Jacob (I680121)
 
168362 was eerst predikant te Loppersum, maar werkte jarenlang op Java Knottnerus, Hillrich (I1383922)
 
168363 was eerst secretaris van Dordrecht, oudraad 1702, veertig 1710, burgemeester van Dordrecht 1731, 1734-35, 1738-39, 1743-44, 1747, toen hij van zijn ambt afstand deed. Eelbo, Mr. Pieter (I647055)
 
168364 Was elected by the narrow margin of 71 to 68 over his vice-president and successor Thomas Jefferson. Presided from 1797 to 1801. Was the first president to live in Washington, D.C. Died on the same day a few hours after Thomas Jefferson. Was responsible for appointing George Washington Commander-in-Chief of the Army. Insisted that Thomas Jefferson write the draft for the declaration of independence.
Learned and thoughtful, John Adams was more remarkable as a political philosopher than as a politician. "People
and nations are forged in the fires of adversity," he said, doubtless thinking of his own as well as the American experience. Adams was born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1735. A Harvard-educated lawyer, he early became identified with the patriot cause; a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses, he led in the movement for independence. During the Revolutionary War he served in France and Holland in diplomatic roles, and helped negotiate the treaty of peace. From 1785 to 1788 he was minister to the Court of St. James's, returning to be elected Vice President under George Washington. Adams' two terms as Vice President were frustrating experiences for a man of his vigor, intellect, and vanity. He complained to his wife Abigail, "My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived."
When Adams became President, the war between the French and British was causing great difficulties for the United States on the high seas and intense partisanship among contending factions within the Nation. His administration focused on France, where the Directory, the ruling group, had refused to receive the American envoy and had suspended commercial relations. Adams sent three commissioners to France, but in the spring of 1798 word arrived that the French Foreign Minister Talleyrand and the Directory had refused to negotiate with them unless they would first pay a substantial bribe. Adams reported the insult to Congress, and the Senate printed the correspondence, in which the Frenchmen were referred to only as "X, Y, and Z." The Nation broke out into what Jefferson called "the X. Y. Z. fever," increased in intensity by Adams's exhortations. The populace cheered itself hoarse wherever the President appeared. Never had the Federalists been so popular. Congress appropriated money to complete three new frigates and to build additional ships, and authorized the raising of a provisional army. It also passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, intended to frighten foreign agents out of the country and to stifle the attacks of Republican editors. President Adams did not call for a declaration of war, but hostilities began at sea. At first, American shipping was almost defenseless against French privateers, but by 1800 armed merchantmen and U.S. warships were clearing the sea-lanes Despite several brilliant naval victories, war fever subsided. Word came to Adams that France also had no stomach for war and would receive an envoy with respect. Long negotiations ended the quasi war. Sending a peace mission to France brought the full fury of the Hamiltonians against Adams. In the campaign of 1800 the Republicans were united and effective, the Federalists badly divided. Nevertheless, Adams polled only a few less electoral votes than Jefferson, who became President. On November 1, 1800, just before the election, Adams arrived in the new Capital City to take up his residence in the White House. On his second evening in its damp, unfinished rooms, he wrote his wife, "Before I end my letter, I pray Heaven to bestow the best of Blessings on this House and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise Men ever rule under this roof." Adams retired to his farm in Quincy. Here he penned his elaborate letters to Thomas Jefferson. Here on July 4, 1826, he whispered his last words: "Thomas Jefferson survives." But Jefferson had died at Monticello a few hours earlier. 
Adams, 2nd President John (I74736)
 
168365 was elected in 1799, by a large majority, to fill the vacancy (in the representation of the county) occasioned by the death of his father. His opponent was the Hon. Colonel Howard, brother to Lord Wicklow. Mr. Hume thenceforward continued to represent Wicklow in the Irish and Imperial Parliaments until his decease.  
168366 was elected in 1799, by a large majority, to fill the vacancy (in the representation of the county) occasioned by the death of his father. His opponent was the Hon. Colonel Howard, brother to Lord Wicklow. Mr. Hume thenceforward continued to represent Wicklow in the Irish and Imperial Parliaments until his decease. Hume, William Hoare (I682309)
 
168367 Was elected in 1800 by 73 electoral votes versus 73 for Aaron Burr and 65 for his predecessor John Adams. Electors had two votes back then. In 1804 he defeated Charley Pinckney by 162 to 14 electoral votes. Served two terms from 1801 to 1809. During his first term Aaron Burr served as vice-president, during his second George Clinton. Under Jefferson the Louisiana Purchase was made, the biggest land bargain in history; Congress approved it and transfer of ownership from France completed at New Orleans on Dec. 20, 1803.

President of the United States 1801-1809. Principal author of Declaration of Independance Fourth of July 1776.
In the thick of party conflict in 1800, Thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter, "I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man." This powerful advocate of liberty was born in 1743 in Albermarle County, Virginia, inheriting from his father, a planter and surveyor, some 5,000 acres of land, and from his mother, a Randolph, high social standing. He studied at the College of William and Mary, then read law. In 1772 he married Martha Wayles Skelton, a widow, and took her to live in his partly constructed mountaintop home, Monticello. Freckled and sandy-haired, rather tall and awkward, Jefferson was eloquent as a correspondent, but he was no public speaker. In the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Continental Congress, he contributed his pen rather than his voice to the patriot cause. As the "silent member" of the Congress, Jefferson, at 33, drafted the Declaration of Independence. In years following he labored to make its words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he wrote a bill establishing religious freedom, enacted in 1786. Jefferson succeeded Benjamin Franklin as minister to France in 1785. His sympathy for the French Revolution led him into conflict with Alexander Hamilton when Jefferson was Secretary of State in President Washington's Cabinet. He resigned in 1793. Sharp political conflict developed, and two separate parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, began to form. Jefferson gradually assumed leadership of the Republicans, who sympathized with the revolutionary cause in France. Attacking Federalist policies, he opposed a strong centralized Government and championed the rights of states. As a reluctant candidate for President in 1796, Jefferson came within three votes of election. Through a flaw in the Constitution, he became Vice President, although an opponent of President Adams. In 1800 the defect caused a more serious problem. Republican electors, attempting to name both a President and a Vice President from their own party, cast a tie vote between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives settled the tie. Hamilton, disliking both Jefferson and Burr, nevertheless urged Jefferson's election. When Jefferson assumed the Presidency, the crisis in France had passed. He slashed Army and Navy expenditures, cut the budget, eliminated the tax on whiskey so unpopular in the West, yet reduced the national debt by a third. He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates, who were harassing American commerce in the Mediterranean. Further, although the Constitution made no provision for the acquisition of new land, Jefferson suppressed his qualms over constitutionality when he had the opportunity to acquire the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon in 1803. During Jefferson's second term, he was increasingly preoccupied with keeping the Nation from involvement in the Napoleonic wars, though both England and France interfered with the neutral rights of American merchantmen. Jefferson's attempted solution, an embargo upon American shipping, worked badly and was unpopular. Jefferson retired to Monticello to ponder such projects as his grand designs for the University of Virginia. A French nobleman
observed that he had placed his house and his mind "on an elevated situation, from which he might contemplate the universe."
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there are more than one thousand living descendants of Thomas Jefferson by his slaves, some of whom are now considered white, whereas others are considered black.
Sloan-at-ishipress.com
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DNA tests performed on the descendants of Thomas Jefferson's family and of Jefferson's young slave, Sally Hemings, offer compelling new evidence that the third president of the United States fathered at least one of her children as has long been speculated, according to an article in the next issue of the scientific journal Nature.
The report is based on blood samples collected by Eugene A. Foster, a retired pathologist who lives in Charlottesville, Va. The finding undercuts the position of historians who have long said that Jefferson did not have a liaison with the slave some 28 years his junior and confirms, but with a surprising twist, the oral tradition that has been handed down among Sally Hemings' descendants.
The new evidence is likely to send historians scurrying to re-evaluate Jefferson, particularly his role in the anti-slavery movement. It may also have a wider resonance. The accusation of an affair with Hemings, one of several charges considered in a mock impeachment trial staged by the Massachusetts state Legislature in 1805, was indirectly denied by Jefferson.
"Now, with impeccable timing," the historian Joseph Ellis and the geneticist Eric Lander write in a joint commentary on the new report, "Jefferson reappears to remind us of a truth that should be self-evident. Our heroes -- and especially presidents -- are not gods or saints, but flesh-and-blood humans."
Foster's finding rests on analysis of the Y chromosome, an unusual genetic component because, except at its very tips, it escapes the shuffling of the genetic material that occurs between every generation. The only changes on the Y chromosome are rare sporadic mutations in the DNA that accumulate slowly over centuries. Male lineages can therefore be distinguished from one another through the characteristic set of mutations carried in their Y chromosomes.
Foster said he began his research almost on a whim, at a friend's suggestion. He soon grew more serious, and with the help of many colleagues, has tracked down four male lineages that bear on the paternity of Sally Hemings' children. They are Jefferson's lineage, derived from his paternal grandfather; the lineages of Tom Woodson and Eston Hemings Jefferson, Sally Hemings' oldest and youngest sons; and the lineage of the Carrs, two of Jefferson's nephews on his sister's side.
Sally Hemings had other children, but they left no surviving male heirs. The Carrs come into the picture because of the story spread by Jefferson's heirs that one or the other of the nephews fathered Hemings' children, explaining their pronounced resemblance to the Jeffersons.
Foster's samples were analyzed by Christopher Tyler-Smith, a population geneticist at the University of Oxford in England, and his colleagues. They found that the Jeffersonian Y chromosome had a distinctive set of mutations, unmatched in any of 1,200, mostly European, men who were analyzed by the same method.
The set of mutations on the Y chromosomes of three descendants of John Carr were almost identical to one another and different from the Jeffersonian chromosome, ruling out the Carrs as possible fathers.
The Y chromosome of a descendant of Eston Hemings Jefferson made a perfect match to Jefferson's, but those of five descendants of Thomas Woodson were completely different.
"The simplest and most probable explanations" for the findings, Foster and colleagues report, "are that Thomas Jefferson, rather than one of the Carr brothers, was the father of Eston Hemings Jefferson, and that Thomas Woodson was not Thomas Jefferson's son."
Lander, a DNA expert at the Whitehead Institute in Boston, said Foster's evidence showed there was a less than 1 percent chance that a person chosen at random would share the same set of Y chromosome mutations that exist in the Jefferson lineage.
"The fact that Eston Hemings' descendant has this rare chromosome, together with the historical evidence, seals the case that Jefferson fathered Eston," Lander said. The evidence that Thomas Woodson was not Jefferson's son is surprising, Foster said, because of the particularly strong oral tradition that has come down independently in the five lines of the Woodson family. Woodson, born shortly after Jefferson's return from his service as minister in Paris, was 12 when James Callender, a journalist, published accusations in a Richmond newspaper that Jefferson was Hemings' lover. Shortly afterward, Woodson was sent off to live with a relative.
One of the blood samples in the study was taken from John Jefferson, 52, of Norrisville, Pa., who is believed to be a direct descendant of Hemings through Eston Hemings Jefferson. John Jefferson's Y chromosome matched blood samples taken from the lineal descendants of Jefferson's uncle, Field Jefferson.
In a telephone interview, Jefferson said he was not particularly surprised at the news that he was descended from a president and his slave. "I've known it practically all my life," said Jefferson, who is disabled and does not work. "I guess I was happy about it, but not really surprised since I've believed it all along."
Jefferson's sister, Julia Jefferson Westerinen, 64, had a more ebullient reaction. "Isn't that wild," said Ms. Westerinen, who lives on Staten Island and sells furniture and office equipment to architects and corporations.
"I've known for about 15 years, but I thought I was related to Jefferson's nephew," she said.
Robert Gillespie, a lawyer in Richmond who is the head of the Monticello Association, which includes the descendants of Jefferson's two daughters, said, "We've always agreed with mainstream historians that Jefferson wouldn't have fathered Sally Hemings' children." But, Gillespie said, the DNA results are "changing my attitude."
Gillespie said he had always believed that "Jefferson would have shown the second set of children love and affection just as he did the first set. Apparently he was a product of the 18th century, and had a double standard."
Ellis, author of "American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson," (Knopf, 1997), and other Jefferson scholars like Dumas Malone have long said that Jefferson did not have a relationship with Hemings. Ellis once dismissed the possibility as "a tin can tied to Jefferson's reputation."
Now, he said, the DNA tests have changed his mind. "This evidence is new evidence and it seems to me to be clinching," he said. Ellis said circumstantial evidence, including a quotation attributed to another of Hemings' sons, James Madison, also pointed to a liaison. "It includes the timing of her pregnancies, the physical resemblance of her children to Jefferson and Madison saying late in life that his mother told him."
Well before Y chromosome testing entered the picture, a minority of historians were asserting that Jefferson had the affair, notably Fawn Brodie, in her book "Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History." Another scholar, Annette Gordon-Reed, an associate professor of law at New York Law School and author of "Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy"
(University Press of Virginia), said she felt vindicated by the DNA tests. "If people had accepted this story, he would never have become an icon," Professor Gordon-Reed said. "All these historians did him a favor until we could get past our primitive racism. I don't think he would have been on Mount Rushmore or on the nickel. The personification of America can't live 38 years with a black woman."
The new DNA evidence is likely to renew questions about Jefferson's position on slavery, Lander and Ellis believe. "Jefferson's stated reservations about ending slavery included a fear that emancipation would lead to racial mixing and amalgamation," they wrote in their commentary in Nature. "His own interracial affair now personalizes this issue, while adding a dimension of hypocrisy."
Sally Hemings, who was born in 1772 or 1773, was the illegitimate half-sister of Jefferson's wife, Martha, the offspring of a relationship between John Wayles and Elizabeth (Betty) Hemings, a slave. Sally became Jefferson's property when he inherited the Wayles estate in 1774, and arrived at Monticello as a little girl in 1776. She was later described by one of Jefferson's slaves, Isaac Jefferson, as "mighty near white . . . very handsome, long straight hair down her back." Jefferson's grandson, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, described her as "light colored and decidedly good looking."
In her early childhood, Hemings probably acted as a "nurse" to Jefferson's daughter, Mary, a custom in slave culture. Then in 1787, Jefferson, a widower, who was then the U.S. ambassador to France, summoned his daughter Maria to live with him. Maria was accompanied by her young attendant, Sally, who was then about 13. Sally's son Madison, who was born in 1805, at the end of his life said that his mother became Jefferson's "concubine" in Paris.
In 1789, Sally Hemings returned with the Jefferson family to Virginia. By then, Sally was 16 or 17, and pregnant, according to Madison Jefferson.
Her first child, Thomas, who the new studies say was not genetically linked to Jefferson, was born soon after her return.
Jefferson's grandson, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, said later that the boy looked like Thomas Jefferson. "At some distance or in the dusk the slave, dressed in the same way, might have been mistaken for Mr. Jefferson," he said.
The evidence of Jefferson's relationship with Hemings will only add to a re-evaluation of Jefferson that has been going on among historians for some time, Ellis said. "The take on Jefferson for 30 years or so has become more and more critical," he said. "Increasingly, he is a window in which race and slavery are the panes."
Jefferson, as portrayed by Ellis and others, was an ambivalent figure. "He plays hide and seek within himself," Ellis said.
But most Americans, he predicted, would have a kinder reaction to what he called "the longest-running mini-series in American history."
"Within the larger world," Ellis said, "the dominant response will be Jefferson is more human, to regard this as evidence of his frailties, frailties that seem more like us. The urge to regard him as an American icon will overwhelm any desire to take him off his pedestal." 
Jefferson, 3rd President Thomas (I74766)
 
168368 Was elected in 1856 over John C. Frémont and Millard Fillmore by a popular vote of 1,832,955 to 1,339,932 and 871,731 and an electoral vote of 174 to 114 and 8. John C. Breckinridge served as his vice-president. In 1819, as a young and successful lawyer, Buchanan fell in love with Anne Coleman, daughter of a Lancaster millionaire. Her parents disapproved. Because of rumors Anne broke the engagement. She died in December of that same year. Buchanan vowed never to marry. Called "Old Buck".
Tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls, James Buchanan was the only President who never married. Presiding over a rapidly dividing Nation, Buchanan grasped inadequately the political realities of the time. Relying on constitutional doctrines to close the widening rift over slavery, he failed to understand that the North would not accept constitutional arguments which favored the South. Nor could he realize how sectionalism had realigned political parties: the Democrats split; the Whigs were destroyed, giving rise to the Republicans. Born into a well-to-do Pennsylvania family in 1791, Buchanan, a graduate of Dickinson College, was gifted as a debater and learned in the law. He was elected five times to the House of Representatives; then, after an interlude as Minister to Russia, served for a decade in the Senate. He became Polk's Secretary of State and Pierce's Minister to Great Britain. Service abroad helped to bring him the Democratic nomination in 1856 because it had exempted him from involvement in bitter domestic controversies. As President-elect, Buchanan thought the crisis would disappear if he maintained a sectional balance in his appointments and could persuade the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it. The Court was considering the legality of restricting slavery in the territories, and two justices hinted to Buchanan what the decision would be. Thus, in his Inaugural the President referred to the territorial question as "happily, a matter of but little practical importance" since the Supreme Court was about to settle it "speedily and finally." Two days later Chief Justice Roger B. Taney delivered the Dred Scott decision, asserting that Congress had no constitutional power to deprive persons of their property rights in slaves in the territories. Southerners were delighted, but the decision created a furor in the North. Buchanan decided to end the troubles in Kansas by urging the admission of the territory as a slave state. Although he directed his Presidential authority to this goal, he further angered the Republicans and alienated members of his own party. Kansas remained a territory. When Republicans won a plurality in the House in 1858, every significant bill they passed fell before southern votes in the Senate or a Presidential veto. The Federal Government reached a stalemate. Sectional strife rose to such a pitch in 1860 that the Democratic Party split into northern and southern wings, each nominating its own candidate for the Presidency. Consequently, when the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, it was a foregone conclusion that he would be elected even though his name appeared on no southern ballot. Rather than accept a Republican administration, the southern "fire-eaters" advocated secession. President Buchanan, dismayed and hesitant, denied the legal right of states to secede but held that the Federal Government legally could not prevent them. He hoped for compromise, but secessionist leaders did not want compromise. Then Buchanan took a more militant tack. As several Cabinet members resigned, he appointed northerners, and sent the Star of the West to carry reinforcements to Fort Sumter. On January 9, 1861, the vessel was fired upon and driven away. Buchanan reverted to a policy of inactivity that continued until he left office. In March 1861 he retired to his Pennsylvania home Wheatland--where he died seven years later--leaving his successor to resolve the frightful issue facing the Nation. 
Buchanan, 15th President James (I49764)
 
168369 Was elected in 1868 over Horatio Seymour by a popular vote of 3,013,421 to 2,706,829 and an electoral vote of 214 to 80. Won reelection in 1872 by votes of 3,596,745 to 2,843,446 and 286 to 0 over Horace Greeley. Became known in 1862 as "Unconditional Surrender Grant". In 1864, Lt. General Grant was given command of the northern army; accepted General Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
Late in the administration of Andrew Johnson, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant quarreled with the President and aligned himself with the Radical Republicans. He was, as the symbol of Union victory during the Civil War, their logical candidate for President in 1868. When he was elected, the American people hoped for an end to turmoil. Grant provided neither vigor nor reform. Looking to Congress for direction, he seemed bewildered. One visitor to the White House noted "a puzzled pathos, as of a man with a problem before him of which he does not understand the terms."
Born in 1822, Grant was the son of an Ohio tanner. He went to West Point rather against his will and graduated in the middle of his class. In the Mexican War he fought under Gen. Zachary Taylor. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Grant was working in his father's leather store in Galena, Illinois. He was appointed by the Governor to command an unruly volunteer regiment. Grant whipped it into shape and by September 1861 he had risen to the rank of brigadier general of volunteers. He sought to win control of the Mississippi Valley. In February 1862 he took Fort Henry and attacked Fort Donelson. When the Confederate commander asked for terms, Grant replied, "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted." The Confederates surrendered, and President Lincoln promoted Grant to major general of volunteers. At Shiloh in April, Grant fought one of the bloodiest battles in the West and came out less well. President Lincoln fended off demands for his removal by saying, "I can't spare this man--he fights." For his next major objective, Grant maneuvered and fought skillfully to win Vicksburg, the key city on the Mississippi, and thus cut the Confederacy in two. Then he broke the Confederate hold on Chattanooga. Lincoln appointed him General-in-Chief in March 1864. Grant directed Sherman to drive through the South while he himself, with the Army of the Potomac, pinned down Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Finally, on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House, Lee surrendered. Grant wrote out magnanimous terms of surrender that would prevent treason trials. As President, Grant presided over the Government much as he had run the Army. Indeed he brought part of his Army staff to the White House. Although a man of scrupulous honesty, Grant as President accepted handsome presents from admirers. Worse, he allowed himself to be seen with two speculators, Jay Gould and James Fisk. When Grant realized their scheme to corner the market in gold, he authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to sell enough gold to wreck their plans, but the speculation had already wrought havoc with business. During his campaign for re-election in 1872, Grant was attacked by Liberal Republican reformers. He called them "narrow-headed men," their eyes so close together that "they can look out of the same gimlet hole without winking." The General's friends in the Republican Party came to be known proudly as "the Old Guard."
Grant allowed Radical Reconstruction to run its course in the South, bolstering it at times with military force. After retiring from the Presidency, Grant became a partner in a financial firm, which went bankrupt. About that time he learned that he had cancer of the throat. He started writing his recollections to pay off his debts and provide for his family, racing against death to produce a memoir that ultimately earned nearly $450,000. Soon after completing the last page, in 1885, he died.

He did not have the middle name "Simpson" -
The name Simpson was entered by mistake on Ulysses' nomination to West Point. He later adopted the initial S. 
Grant, 18th President (Hiram) Ulysses S. (I74610)
 
168370 was elected in the year 1367 chancellor of the university of Oxford, and in the year 1369 lord bishop of Hereford. He was translated in the year 1375 to the see of London, and in the year 1381 to the archiepiscopal fee of Canterbury. Was Archbishop of Canterbury. 5th son. Surveyor to his mother's will. Inq. p.m. 20 Rich. II no. 17 Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon, named as his nephew and heir. !From "Old Devon Families" William,the fourth son of Earl Hugh, received his education at Oxford, where he took the degree of Doctor of Laws. His descent and high connections were the means of enabling him to advance rapidly to the highist honours of the Church. He was imperious and imbued with a persecuting spirit, and unwearied in his exertions against Wycliffe and the reformers. This bigoted, arrogant and tyrannical prelate died in 1396, and left direction to be buried at Maidstone, in Kent where a stone was placed for him but his body was taken to be buried, in the presence of the king and a great number of bishops, earls, and barons, at the feet of the Black Prince, near the shrine of St. Thomas at Canterbury. He founded five scholarships at Oxford. His activities are followed in detail in 'Dictionary of National Biography' 1908. Courtenay, Archbishop William (I21135)
 
168371 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I52332)
 
168372 was elevated to the Irish Peerage as Baron Rathdonnell by Disraeli's Tory government McClintock, Baron John (I44721)
 
168373 Was engaged in at least three battles from 814 to 816.
It is reported that Cynan Tyndaethwy succeded to the kingship of Gwynedd following the death of his father; such a man had to have been an adult at the time as the Welsh NEVER made children their king. 
Cynan "Tyndaethwy" (I15580)
 
168374 was enkele malen miljonair. Hij woonde te Amsterdam in het eenvoudige, drie vensters brede huis Herengracht 444, dat uit het bezit kwam van de familie van zijn moeder. Hij bezat een buitenplaats Woestduin onder Heemstede, eveneens afkomstig uit het bezit van zijn moeder. Hij was Raad in de Amsterdamse Vroedschap, maar tevens kanunnik in de Utrechtse kapittels van St. Marie en Oud-Munster. Tevens was hij meesterknaap van de houtvesterij van Brederode. David overleefde vier vrouwen en zal daar niet armer van zijn geworden. ten Hove, David (I410731)
 
168375 was enthroned as the 6th Bishop of St Albans on 28 September 1950, where he remained in office until 1970. Renowned for his administrative skills rather than his oratory, he spoke only once in the House of Lords making a passionate plea calling on legislation to ensure better welfare for pit ponies in Britain's coal mines .
He was educated at Rugby School and Trinity College, Cambridge and ordained in 1927, his first post being as a Curate at St Chrysostom's, Victoria Park, Manchester . He was Chaplain at his old college and after this held incumbencies at Fylde and Hunslet . From 1942 to 1950 he was Rector of St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate and Bishop of Willesden before translating to St Albans . In retirement he continued to serve the church as an Assistant Bishop within the Diocese of Monmouth 
Gresford Jones, Bishop Edward Michael (I675364)
 
168376 was envoy extraordinary to Brussels, in the reign of William III.,
paymaster of the army in Flanders,
a lord of the admiralty, and
a privy counsellor 
Hill, Richard (I688211)
 
168377 was equerry for the House of Brunswick and later Stadtholder at Wolfenbuttel.
At deputy and marshal at court ceremonies he became widely known, e.g., in connection with the oath of allegiance of the city of Brunswick in 1569, also by a tournament in Brunswick in 1573.
Duke Julius remained extremely friendly to him up to the time of his death.
In his last illness he inquired after his health in personal letters expressive of deep sympathy, sent his own court physician to attend him and supplied medicines and restoratives.
His feudal tenures, especially that of Oelber, fell to the line whose ancestors was Heinrich II. 
von Cramm, Heinrich V (I661150)
 
168378 was even in a band who played at The Cavern called Rory Storm and The Hurricanes Guitar, Johnny (I513590)
 
168379 was eventually acclaimed by the title "Great Warrior" after fighting in the Scottish War at age 21. He was rewarded by the King with permission to hunt in the royal forests, an honour never lightly bestowed. For the people of Merriott, an even greater reward was the permission given by the King to hold fairs and markets in the Manors of Merriott & Lopen, allowing the community to prosper.

The manor was passed down through the de Meriet family until the last Sir John de Meriet died in 1391, and no male heirs remained.
The Manor reverted to the Crown, and in 1397 the King bestowed Merriott upon Sir William Bonville (d 1408), who had married Margaret, a de Meriet girl. Unfortunately this brought Merriott into the sphere of the Wars of the Roses. William, Lord Bonville, was a Yorkist, and there was bitter enmity between the Bonvilles and the Earls of Devonshire, the Courtenays, who espoused the Lancastrian cause. Within a few years the Bonvilles had been defeated and the direct male line was extinct, although the Manor continued in the Bonville family for a number of years.
The heiress to all the Bonville estates was a ten year old girl, Cicily Bonville. She married Sir Thomas Grey, and her Grandson Henry eventually became the father of Lady Jane Grey, born in 1537, who was also granddaughter of Mary, sister of Henry VIII. Edward VI died in July 1553, and power politics saw Lady Jane Grey, at age 16, become Queen of England for less than 2 weeks before being imprisoned and executed in 1554, a year after her father had met the same fate. Mary I became the rightful Queen under her father Henry VIII's will. In the same year, 1554, the estate in Merriott was seized by the Crown and granted to William & Barbara Rice. Their lease fell to Sir Jerome Bowes in 1575, and stayed in the Bowes family until sold to James Hooper in 1587. James' nephew Henry Hooper inherited in 1598, and he enfranchised much of the estate and granted parts of the manor by three conveyances. The manor was heavily mortgaged by the Hoopers. It was eventually sold in 1686 to Thomas Rodbard, a London fishmonger, who left it to a succession of Rodbards, including the illegitimate children of Mary Butcher. See: Butcher Family Page. Eventually the Whitley family inherited the lordship into the 20th century. Queen Mary bestowed the Manor of Merriott on one family; her successor Queen Elizabeth I on another. Since then the lordship of the manor changed hands many times; eventually no title remained. 
de Meriet, John 'Great Warrior' (I39889)
 
168380 Was executed for kidnapping, stock theft and murder. van As, Johannes (I1379756)
 
168381 was executed on the orders of Hulagu Khan Gvantsa (I669421)
 
168382 Was fair like his fafther, and became known as Robert Boyt or Boidh, Gaelic varients of the world for Fair. And so the name "Boyd" was developed. He appeared as a witness in a contract between Ralph de Eglington and the town of Irvine in 1205, in which he is described as "of Gavin and Risk", properties in northeryn Ayrshire. In the chartulary of Paisley he appears described as nephew of Walter the High Steward. He was the father of the first Sir Robert. Boyt, Robert (I86590)
 
168383 Was father's executor. Thomas, Edmond (I265192)
 
168384 was financially and morally to many good musicians to whom the commercial world was.
A resident of Weehawken, New Jersey, she was the Rothschild foundation for the needy cool. Thelonious Monk figured among her beneficiaries. He wrote "Pannonica" for her, and her name also appears in the titles of Horace Silver's "Nica's Dream" and Gigi Gryce's "Nica's Tempo." Charlie "Bird" Parker, perhaps the greatest genius of the New Sound, died in her apartment. 
Rothschild, Kathleen Pannonica (I303304)
 
168385 was first and foremost a sailing man. In his youth he had explored the South Seas with Charles Darwin and his cousin - the future Admiral Sir Francis McClintock - and chased slavers around the coast of Brazil after the abolition of slavery. He retired from the Royal Navy with the rank of Captain. The timber of his old ship, HMS Samarang, would go to form some of the furniture which the Captain commissioned for his magnificent new family mansion, Lisnavagh House in County Carlow. The first brick of the new house was laid on 23rd January 1847 and by the time of Tom Rathdonnell's birth nearly two years later, the house was nearing completion. But 1847 also marked the worst near of the Great Famine, the effects of which were to dramatically reshape the future of Ireland.

1846 assumes name of McClintock Bunbury in compliance with the will of his late uncle, Thomas Bunbury.
Captain Bunbury returned as Tory MP for County Carlow. He retains seat for next 16 years.

Educated at Gosport in Hampshire, William entered the Royal Navy aged 13 in July 1813 as a first class volunteer on the Ajax. As a 16 year old Midshipman on HMS Severn, William took part in the Bombardment in Algeria, marking the start of a naval career focused on the liberation of slaves. In the 1820s and 1830s, he sailed the little known seas of the Southern Hemisphere as an officer on board HMS Samarang, again chasing slave ships and protecting British interests. Also on board the Samarang was his first cousin, later Admiral Sir Leopold McClintock, and the artist-adventurer William Smyth. In Brazil and Peru, the Samarang encountered the Beagle, upon which Robert FitzRoy and Charles Darwin were travelling. On the death of his maternal uncle Thomas Bunbury, MP, in 1847 he succeeded to the Bunbury family estates at Lisnavagh. As a legal prerequisite for this inheritance, he had to comply with his uncle's will, combining the surname "Bunbury" with his own family name of "McClintock". Hence, the current name of "McClintock Bunbury". It is said that the McClintocks had the cash and the Bunburys had the name. William also succeeded to his late uncle's seat in the British House of Commons and served as Member of Parliament for County Carlow alongside Colonel Henry Bruen during the unhappy era of the Irish Famine. In 1847 he recruited the services of the eccentric Scottish architect Daniel Robertson to build a New House at Lisnavagh. Robertson was also commissioned to landscape and design the gardens and grounds that surrounded the new house. He represented County Carlow in the British Parliament for the Conservative party from 1846 to 1852, and again from Feb 1853 until ill-health obliged him to retire in 1862. In 1842 
McClintock Bunbury, Capt William (I44725)
 
168386 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I373135)
 
168387 was first mentioned in 1306 Dražen Bogopenec (I669627)
 
168388 was for 20 years canon of St Peters, Westminster, and
rector and curate of the round-towered St Remigius, Roydon (near Roydon Hall),
whose plaques give testimony to members of their large family, including a later Temple, who "drowned when saving the life of a fellow-student", in 1840, aged 22 
Frere, Temple (I713454)
 
168389 was for many years a lawyer in NYC. Had some taste for geneological research an d traced his fathers line (with some errors) to Thomas Sherman of Yaxley Eng wh o was living about 1525.
there were two children who died in early infancy 
Sherman, Charles Austin (I376061)
 
168390 was formally named Malka - though always known by her family as "Queenie" ("Malka" translating as "queen" in Hebrew). She was a member of the successful Hyman furniture family Hyman, Malka (I513508)
 
168391 was forty-three years in the Foreign Office, and twenty-five years chief clerk there Larpent, John (I1399127)
 
168392 was from Bradford (now Grove land), Mass. Hutchins, William (I394631)
 
168393 was from Brookfield, Mass. Hall, Thomas (I394654)
 
168394 was from Hodan, Lithuania, who arrived in England with his wife Diana in the 1890s, at the age of eighteen. He founded a furniture dealership on Walton Road, Liverpool.

After Harry and his brothers had joined the family firm, Isaac Epstein founded "I. Epstein and Sons", and expanded his furniture business by taking over an adjacent shop to sell a varied range of other goods, such as musical instruments and household appliances. They called the new shop "NEMS" (North End Music Stores) from which Paul McCartney's father once bought a piano. 
Epstein, Isaac (I513510)
 
168395 Was geangageerd met Frans van Ditzhuijzen Smithuijsen, Elisabeth (I11391)
 
168396 was gedurende een 53-jarige loopbaan bij het departement voor de Rooms-Katholieke Eredienst opgeklommen van extra-ordinaris klerk tot secretaris-generaal en administrateur, de hoogste post in ambtelijke hiërarchie Willemse, Joannes Cornelis (I651797)
 
168397 was geen geboren Rotterdammer, maar een immigrant uit Mechelen, die na enkele jaren in Antwerpen gewoond te hebben, zich in 1583 in Rotterdam vestigde. Zijn vader was een rijke haringkoopman in Mechelen en zijn broer Hendrik was huidevetter of leerlooier van beroep. Hendrik vertrok eerder dan Johan naar het Noorden. Na in Mechelen het burgemeestersambt te hebben bekleed trad hij al in 1575 op als burgemeester van Den Briel. In 1586 werd hij als poorter van Rotterdam ingeschreven.
Johan van der Veeken verliet Antwerpen in 1583, waarschijnlijk omdat hij de belegering en de overgave van de stad aan de Spanjaarden in 1585, aan zag komen
Als vermogend koopman, reder en bankier nam hij in Rotterdam al snel een vooraanstaande positie in. Zijn handelsbelangen waren wereldwijd.
In het Pruisische Koningsbergen kocht hij bijvoorbeeld hout, tarwe en vlas dat hij in Bordeaux en in 'Vianen', Viana do Castelo in Portugal, weer verkocht. Ook stuurde hij talrijke schepen met graan naar Genua en Venetië toen de graanprijzen in Italië door grote tekorten sterk stegen. Bovendien nam hij deel aan de in die tijd zo belangrijke haringhandel.
De handelsactiviteiten van Johan van der Veeken bleven niet tot Europa beperkt. Zijn schepen zeilden ook naar Guinea, West-Indië en Peru en als één van de eerste Nederlanders was hij geïnteresseerd in de handel op Oost-Indië. In 1598 was hij namelijk mede-financier van een expeditie van vijf schepen die via de Staat van Magallanes Oost-Indië probeerden te bereiken. Ondanks de mislukking van deze tocht bleef Van der Veeken bij de Oostindische handel betrokken en in 1602, bij de oprichting van de VOC werd hij tot bewindhebber benoemd.
Behalve reder en koopman was Van der Veeken ook bankier en geldschieter, onder andere voor de Staten-Generaal, de Staten van Holland en voor de landsadvocaat Johan van Oldenbarnevelt.
Zijn rijkdom kwam onder andere tot uiting in het schitterende huis dat hij te Rotterdam aan de Hoogstraat liet bouwen en in de heerlijkheden Capelle aan de IJssel en Nieuwerkerk die hij in 1612 aankocht.
In Capelle liet hij op het terrein van het oude slot een geheel nieuw kasteel optrekken met torens, grachten en ophaalbruggen.
Johan van der Veeken is nooit lid van de Vroedschap geworden omdat hij Rooms-Katholieke bleef. Op het slot van Capelle richtte hij bijvoorbeeld een grote zaal als katholieke kerk in en dankzij hem werden er in Rotterdam weer geregeld katholieke diensten gehouden.
Van der Veeken stierf in 1616 te Rotterdam. Bij zijn begrafenis werd de klok maar liefst elf en een half uur geluid. Een waardig afscheid van een man die veel bijgedragen had aan de economische opbloei van Rotterdam. 
van der Veecken, Johan (I494230)
 
168398 Was given a hose and barn purchased by his father on April 1, 1695. Thomas Jr. soon became a large land owner in Norwich. The Book of Grants shows 22 parcels recorded to him.

Like his father, Thomas Jr. was active in town affairs. In Dec 1694, when he was 24 years old he was chosen as "fence viewer" for the coming year, again in1698,1703. On Dec 21, 1697 he was chosen as Constable for the following year . On Dec 17, 1700 he was chosen surveyor of highways and also in 1706. Dec 1702, was chosen as townsman. Became "Ensign" in 1708. 
Waterman, Thomas Ensign (I208758)
 
168399 Was given an ample number of slaves and the 13,000-acre "Langdale" plantation located near the border of North Carolina. Langhorne, James Steptoe (I363777)
 
168400 Was given manor of Nether-Haven, which had belonged to Gilbert Basset by King Henry III.
Governor of Castle of Devizes.
Sheriff of Northhamptonshire, 1236.
In 1239 was one of the godfathers to Prince Edward 
Mauley, Piers II (I134911)
 

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