From Wikipedia

 
Starting in the 11th century, the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic were settled by Germans (and to a lesser extent by Dutch, Danes and Scots) in the course of the Ostsiedlung.

The Polabian Slavs were gradually assimilated by the Germans.

Denmark gradually gained control over most of the Baltic coast, until she lost much of her possessions after being defeated in the 1227 Battle of Bornhöved.

In the 13th to 17th centuries, the strongest economic force in Northern Europe became the Hanseatic league, which used the Baltic Sea to establish trade routes between its member cities.
Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League.

 

In the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Denmark and Sweden fought wars for Dominium Maris Baltici ("Ruling over the Baltic Sea").

Eventually, it was the Swedish Empire that virtually encompassed the Baltic Sea. In Sweden the sea was then referred to as Mare Nostrum Balticum ("Our Baltic Sea").

 
The naval Battle of the Sound took place on 8 November 1658 during the Dutch-Swedish War.
In due time many German, Scandinavian and Dutch families settled in the Baltic states and those families transformmed to a kind of upperclass in this area.

For many families ended this area with the end of the 2nd world war when they had to flee for the Russina army.

 

Families

 

von Bremen

von Dücker

von Fersen

von Fircks

von Hastfer

von Keyserlingk

von der Lancken

Lode

von Manteuffel gen. Szöge

von Maydell

von Pistohlkors

von der Recke

von Rennenkampff

von Rosen

von Samson-Himmelstjerna

Staël von Holstein

Taube von der Issen

von Tiesenhausen

Tuve

von Uexküll

von Ulenbrock

von Vietinghoff, von Vietinghoff gen. Scheel

Wachtmeister

von Wrangell

 
End